Presentation on theme: "Part4:Questions ,questions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Part4:Questions ,questions Unit 9 :BiographyPart3: Life as it wasPart4:Questions ,questionsTHE PAST SIMPLE
2 Formation (Structure) Yes/No Questions Wh Questions Time expressions Meaning & usageFormation (Structure)Yes/No QuestionsWh QuestionsTime expressionsPronunciation of verbs ending with ed
3 Past Simple meaningthe form of a verb used to describe an action which happened before the present time and is no longer happening.
4 Past Simple Use Actions that started and finished in the past I went to the beach last Sunday.I bought a new car yesterday.
5 Past Simple UseActions that happened one after the other in the past (like in a story)He came in, took off his coat and sat down.I went to the party and I saw my favourite friend, then I asked him to sit with me.
6 Past Simple UseThe Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the pastI studied French when I was a child.I always played tennis a years ago.
8 -ed for all subjects Regular verbs form Play played Work worked Stay stayedListen listened
9 Special Notes: swap / swapped beg / begged clap / clapped hop / hopped If a regular verb ends in a single vowel and a single consonant (except x), double the consonant before you add -ed:E.g stop /stoppedswap / swappedbeg / beggedclap / clappedhop / hoppedjog / joggedslam / slammed
10 Special Notes: compel / compelled Control/controlled 2) If a regular verb has two or more syllables, if the verb ends in l or r, and if the last syllable is stressed, double the l or r before you add -ed:E.g. prefer → preferredcompel / compelledControl/controlledfulfíl / fulfilleddefer / deferredNote that British spelling does not use this rule.
11 Special Notes: hónor / honored; súffer / suffered; trável / traveled 3)If a regular verb has two or more syllables, if the verb ends in l or r, and if the last syllable is not stressed, do not doublethe l or r, before you add -ed:E.g. cáncel / canceled;hónor / honored;súffer / suffered;trável / traveledNote that British spelling does not use this rule.
12 Special Notes:4) If a regular verb ends in a consonant and y (or if the final syllable of a regular verb ends in this way), change the y to i and then add -ed:E.g. apply / appliedcopy / copiedfalsify / falsifiedsupply / suppliedhurry / hurriedqualify / qualified
13 Special Notes:5) If a regular verb ends in a vowel and y (or if the final syllable of a regular verb ends in this way), do not change the y to i and then add -ed:E.g. annoy / annoyedenjoy / enjoyedobey / obeyedplay / playedstay / stayed
14 Verbs don’t follow the previous rule Irregular verbs formVerbs don’t follow the previous ruleThe Irregular verbs do not make their past tense by adding- d or - ed or by changing y to i and adding ed. Instead, they make their past forms in several ways:
15 Verbs don’t follow the previous rule Irregular verbs formVerbs don’t follow the previous ruleThe form CHANGES from infinitives, usually with a vowel change.Can be grouped according to certain change patterns, which helps to memorize them.
16 Certain change patterns speak spokeeat atesee sawfly flewthink thought
17 beat / beat cost / cost cut / cut put / put set / set hit / hit For some irregular verbs, the simple and past forms are the same. Here are a few examples:beat / beatcost / costcut / cutput / putset / sethit / hit
19 DID NOT + VERB (base form) Negative SentencesDID NOT + VERB (base form)Example: I did not work yesterdayorI didn’t work yesterdayINCORRECT: I didn’t worked
20 More examples: - I didn’t go on holiday last year - I didn’t went on holiday last year
21 Negative Sentences verb TO BE WAS / WERE + NOTExamples:I was not at school yesterday afternoonorI wasn’t at school yesterday afternoonThey were not at home last weekendThey weren’t at home last weekend
22 Yes /No Questions Did you work yesterday? DID + subject + main verb + rest of sentence + ?Example:Did you work yesterday?- Yes, I did.- No, I didn’t.
23 WH Questions Person Things Place Reason Time Process Choose Who What Where Why When How Which
24 Questions Yes / No Question Wh – Non – Subject Question Did Nevo see his grandparents yesterday?Wh – Non – Subject QuestionWhere did you spend your holidays?Wh – Subject QuestionWho wrote this beautiful poem?DidSubjectV1Rest of the sentence?Wh - worddidSubjectV1Rest of the sentence?Who / WhatV2Rest of the sentence?
25 Yes /No Questions verb TO BE WAS / WERE + subject + rest of sentence + ?Example:Were you at home last weekend?- Yes, I was.- No, I wasn’t.
26 REMEMBER!! Positive sentences: Negative sentences: Yes/No questions: I played football yesterdayI went home early on SaturdayNegative sentences:I didn’t play football yesterdayI didn’t go home early on SaturdayYes/No questions:Did you play football yesterday?Did you go home early in Saturday?
27 REMEMBER!! Verb TO BE Positive sentences: Negative sentences: I was in London last yearNegative sentences:-They weren’t at home last weekendYes/No questions:Were you ill yesterday?
29 Time expressions Frequency adverbs Yesterday, the day before yesterday…Last night, last week, last month, last year…The last time you calledTwo days ago, a week ago, 5 years ago…In 1999, in October, in the summer…lately, recentlyWhen I was a child.
31 Pronunciation of verb ending with ed When an infinitive verb ends with the sound [t] or [d] then, we have to add the syllabe of the past simple[Id]**/Id/ adds an extra syllableneed - needed (Id)wait – waited (Id)
32 Pronunciation of verb ending with ed When the last sound of the verb vibrates in vocal cord, we have to pronounce the « ed » like a sound [d]Examples of voiced consonants/b/ /ð/ /v/ /l/ /r/ /z/ /m/ /n/ /g/ /dʒ/ /ʒ / /ŋ/sob - sobbed (d) roam - roamed (d)believe - believed (d) judge - judged (d)fill - filled (d) enjoy - enjoyed (d)
33 Pronunciation of verb ending with ed When the last sound of the verb doesn’t vibrate in vocale cord, then it is pronounced [T]Examples of voiceless consonants/P/ /k/ /F/ /s/ /ʃ / /tʃ/ /θ /look - looked (t) push - pushed (t)ask - asked (t) watch - watched (t)help - helped(t) dress - dressed (t)