Presentation on theme: "THE PAST SIMPLE Unit 9 :Biography Part3: Life as it was Part4:Questions,questions."— Presentation transcript:
THE PAST SIMPLE Unit 9 :Biography Part3: Life as it was Part4:Questions,questions
Meaning & usage Formation (Structure) Yes/No Questions Wh Questions Time expressions Pronunciation of verbs ending with ed
Past Simple meaning the form of a verb used to describe an action which happened before the present time and is no longer happening.
Past Simple Use Actions that started and finished in the past –I went to the beach last Sunday. –I bought a new car yesterday.
Past Simple Use Actions that happened one after the other in the past (like in a story) –He came in, took off his coat and sat down. –I went to the party and I saw my favourite friend, then I asked him to sit with me.
Past Simple Use The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past I studied French when I was a child. I always played tennis a years ago.
Regular verbs form -ed for all subjects Play played Work worked Stay stayed Listen listened
Special Notes: If a regular verb ends in a single vowel and a single consonant (except x), double the consonant before you add -ed: E.g. stop /stopped swap / swapped beg / begged clap / clapped hop / hopped jog / jogged slam / slammed
Special Notes: 2) If a regular verb has two or more syllables, if the verb ends in l or r, and if the last syllable is stressed, double the l or r before you add -ed: E.g. prefer → preferred compel / compelled Control/controlled fulfíl / fulfilled defer / deferred Note that British spelling does not use this rule.
Special Notes: 3)If a regular verb has two or more syllables, if the verb ends in l or r, and if the last syllable is not stressed, do not double the l or r, before you add -ed: E.g. cáncel / canceled; hónor / honored; súffer / suffered; trável / traveled Note that British spelling does not use this rule.
Special Notes: 4) If a regular verb ends in a consonant and y (or if the final syllable of a regular verb ends in this way), change the y to i and then add -ed: E.g. apply / applied copy / copied falsify / falsified supply / supplied hurry / hurried qualify / qualified
Special Notes: 5) If a regular verb ends in a vowel and y (or if the final syllable of a regular verb ends in this way), do not change the y to i and then add -ed: E.g. annoy / annoyed enjoy / enjoyed obey / obeyed play / played stay / stayed
Irregular verbs form The Irregular verbs do not make their past tense by adding- d or - ed or by changing y to i and adding ed. Instead, they make their past forms in several ways: Verbs don’t follow the previous rule
Irregular verbs form The form CHANGES from infinitives, usually with a vowel change. Can be grouped according to certain change patterns, which helps to memorize them. Verbs don’t follow the previous rule
Certain change patterns speak spoke eat ate see saw fly flew think thought
For some irregular verbs, the simple and past forms are the same. Here are a few examples: beat / beat cost / cost cut / cut put / put set / set hit / hit
Negative Sentences DID NOT + VERB (base form) Example: I did not work yesterday or I didn’t work yesterday INCORRECT: I didn’t worked
More examples: - I didn’t go on holiday last year - I didn’t went on holiday last year
Negative Sentences verb TO BE WAS / WERE + NOT Examples: I was not at school yesterday afternoon or I wasn’t at school yesterday afternoon They were not at home last weekend or They weren’t at home last weekend
Yes /No Questions DID + subject + main verb + rest of sentence + ? Example: Did you work yesterday? - Yes, I did. - No, I didn’t.
WH Questions Who What Where Why When How Which Person Things Place Reason Time Process Choose
Questions Yes / No Question Did Nevo see his grandparents yesterday? Wh – Non – Subject Question Where did you spend your holidays? Wh – Subject Question Who wrote this beautiful poem? Did Who / What Wh - word Rest of the sentence V1V1 Subject ? V1 Rest of the sentence ? V2V2 ? did
Yes /No Questions verb TO BE WAS / WERE + subject + rest of sentence + ? Example: Were you at home last weekend? - Yes, I was. - No, I wasn’t.
REMEMBER!! Positive sentences: –I played football yesterday –I went home early on Saturday Negative sentences: –I didn’t play football yesterday –I didn’t go home early on Saturday Yes/No questions: –Did you play football yesterday? –Did you go home early in Saturday?
REMEMBER!! Verb TO BE Positive sentences: –I was in London last year Negative sentences: - They weren’t at home last weekend Yes/No questions: –Were you ill yesterday?
Time expressions Frequency adverbs Yesterday, the day before yesterday… Last night, last week, last month, last year… The last time you called Two days ago, a week ago, 5 years ago… In 1999, in October, in the summer… lately, recently When I was a child.
Pronunciation of verb ending with ed When an infinitive verb ends with the sound [t] or [d] then, we have to add the syllabe of the past simple[Id] **/Id/ adds an extra syllable need - needed (Id) wait – waited (Id)
Pronunciation of verb ending with ed When the last sound of the verb vibrates in vocal cord, we have to pronounce the « ed » like a sound [d] Examples of voiced consonants /b/ /ð/ /v/ /l/ /r/ /z/ /m/ /n/ /g/ /d ʒ / / ʒ / /ŋ/ sob - sobbed (d) roam - roamed (d) believe - believed (d) judge - judged (d) fill - filled (d) enjoy - enjoyed (d)
Pronunciation of verb ending with ed When the last sound of the verb doesn’t vibrate in vocale cord, then it is pronounced [T] Examples of voiceless consonants /P/ /k/ /F/ /s/ / ʃ / /t ʃ / /θ / look - looked (t) push - pushed (t) ask - asked (t) watch - watched (t) help - helped(t) dress - dressed (t)