Presentation on theme: "A Walk in the Desert Spelling Words Inflected –ed and –ing Dropping and Doubling Rule."— Presentation transcript:
A Walk in the Desert Spelling Words Inflected –ed and –ing Dropping and Doubling Rule
What do you know about reading these words? rained raining -both of these have a base word and an ending -ed means it happened in the past -ing means it is happening now
The Doubling Rule shop (base word) shop + ed = shopped shop + ing = shopping The last consonant in shop, p, was doubled before the endings were added. This happens in short- vowel words such as shop that end in just one consonant. If a one-syllable word ends with one vowel and one consonant, double the final consonant.
Dropping Rule like (base word) like + ed = liked like + ing = liking The e was dropped before these endings were added. This happens if a base word ends with e, and the ending starts with a vowel. If the base word ends with a sneaky e, drop the e and add –ed or –ing.
What would you do? plan Would you just add –ed and –ing? Would you double the final consonant? The correct answer is… double the final consonant planned planning
What would you do? trade Would you just add –ed and –ing? Would you double the final consonant? Would you drop the sneaky e? The correct answer is… drop the sneaky e traded trading
Add –s, -ed, and –ing Tell why or if the spelling changed base word-s-ed-ing grab excite face talk
Add –s, -ed, and –ing Tell why or if the spelling changed base word -s-ed-ing grab grabs grabbed grabbing (double) excite excites excited exciting (drop) face faces faced facing (drop) talk talks talked talking (just add)