Presentation on theme: "I. Reported speech Если глагол главного предложения стоит в одном из времен группы Present, то глагол придаточного предложения может употребляться в любом."— Presentation transcript:
1I. Reported speechЕсли глагол главного предложения стоит в одном из времен группы Present, то глагол придаточного предложения может употребляться в любом времени, которое требуется по смыслу.
2Direct speechReported speechShe says: “I phone my friends every day”. She says: “I will phone you tomorrow”. She says: “I phoned you an hour ago”. He asks: “What is the problem?”She says (that) she phones her friends every day. She says (that) she will phone me tomorrow. She says (that) she phoned me an hour ago. He asks what the problem is.
3tells LenaHe says to Lena, “I see my friends every day”.He says to Lena that he sees his friends every day.Carrie tells her mother: “Everyone will laugh.”Carrie tells her mother that everyone will laugh.She says: “I am busy.”She says that she is busy.He tells them, “I don’t like poetry.”He tells them that he doesn’t like poetry.says to them
4II. Reported speechЕсли глагол главного предложения выражен одним из прошедших времен Past Simple, Past Continuous or Past Perfect (чаще Past Simple), то глагол придаточного предложения подчиняется правилу согласования времен.
5Придаточное предложение Sequence of TensesDirect speechReported speechГлавное предложениеПридаточное предложениеPresent SimplePast Simple or Past Continuous or Past Perfect1. Past Simple2. Present Continuous2. Past Continuous3. Present Perfect3. Past Perfect4. Present Perfect Continuous4. Past PerfectContinuous5. Past Simple5. Past Perfect6. Future6. Future-in-the-Past7. Past Continuous8. Past Perfect9. Past Perfect Continuous9. Past Perfect
6“I phone my friends every day”. She said (that) she phoned her friends every day”.Past SimplePresent Simple“I will phone you”.she would phone me.Future SimpleFuture-in-the-Past“I phoned you yesterday”.she had phoned the day before.Past PerfectHe said:“I can solve this problem”.He said (that)he could solve this problem“We may go there”.they might go there.“I must leave”.He had to leave.
7said to CarrieThe mother said: “It is a special party.”The mother said it was a special party.She told Carrie: “I haven’t seen you for a long time.”He told Carrie that he hadn’t seen her for a long time.She said: “Kate, your grandmother gave you a velvet dress for your birthday.”She said to Kate that her grandmother had given her a velvet dress for her birthday.He said: “Everyone will laugh.”He said that everyone would laugh.told Kate
8Changes to time words and phrases Direct speechReported speechtodaythat daytonightthat nightyesterdaythe day beforetomorrownext day(a week) ago(a week) beforelast yearthe year beforenext yearthe following yearthis eveningthat eveningnowthen
9Changes to demonstrative pronouns Direct speechReported speechthesethosethisthatherethere
10General questions She said: “Are you a good driver?” She asked me if I was a good driver.Past SimplePresent Simple“Does your sister like jogging?”She wanted to know if my sisterliked jogging.“Will you come to the party?”She wondered ifI would come to the party.Future SimpleFuture-in-the-Past“Have you met before?”She asked ifwe had met before.Present PerfectPast Perfect
11Wh-questions He asked: “What is the problem?” He asked what the problem was.Past SimplePresent SimpleHe said:“How did you get here tonight?”He wanted to know how I had gotthere that night.Past Perfect“What subjects do you like?”He asked mewhat subjects I liked.“What are you doing now?”He wonderedwhat I was doing then.Present ContinuousPast Continuous“Why is you cousin sad today?”why my cousin was sad that day.
12He says, “Did they write anything interesting?” He asks if they wrote anything interesting.She says to Gregory, “Where do you go every week?”She asks where he goes every week.He says, “Who likes pop music?”He asks who likes pop music.He said, “What time does the match start?”He asked what time the match started.
13Измените в вопросах обратный порядок слов на прямой. I. When does he come home? – When he comes home.II. Did he study English last year? – He studied English last year.Why did she call?Where has he been?When will they arrive?How long have you known him?Where does your friend work?When was he sick?How much sugar is there in the bowl?What was built in your street last year?Why was he angry with Jane?How far is it from here?Will he be here tomorrow?Have you seen this film?Does he know this man?Did the police warn you?Will there be any tests next week?Was he late?Am I right?Are they from England?Was there any news from him?Has he seen her this week?Измените в вопросах обратный порядок слов на прямой.
14“Where are you going to spend the holiday?” (Joy/Mary) Complete the sentences as in the example. “What time does the match start please” (I/a policeman) I asked a policeman what time the match started.“Where are you going to spend the holiday?” (Joy/Mary)“Why are the tickets so expensive?” (Everybody/us)“How old are Mary’s children?” (Frank/his wife)“Who’s going to buy your house?” (Mrs Jones/ her neighbour)“When are you planning to come to Colchester?” (Bill/his friend)“Where can I get the bus to Liverpool?” (Peter/ a policeman)
15Orders. Requests. “Give up fast food,” the doctor said. The doctor advised her to give up fast food.“Don’t be late!” said the teacher.The teacher warned us not to be late.My mother said to me, “Try to be flexible.”My mother advised me to try to be flexible.My best friend said, “Don’t decide what I should do. ”My best friend told me not to decide what she should do.
16He says to Jane, “Give me your hand, please.” ask smb. + to – просить tell smb. + to – велетьdon’t not toHe says to Jane, “Give me your hand, please.”He asks Jane to give him her hand.Nick says, “Mary, bring me some milk from the kitchen.”Nick tells Mary to bring some milk from the kitchen.They tell Lena, “Please don’t come home late”They ask Lena not to come home late.The teacher says to children: “Don’t open your books.”The teacher tells the children not to open books.
17To report suggestions we use: suggest + V+ingsuggest + that sb (should) + VOther reporting verbs used in this way are: insist, recommend, and demand.I suggested going to the cinema. I suggested that we should go to the cinema. I suggested that we go to the cinema.
18say to smb. + (that) + Subject + Verb + Objects tell smb. Обратите внимание на глаголы, вводящие повествовательные предложения.She admits that she was wrong. Она признает, что была неправа.to admit – признаватьto promise – обещатьto complain – жаловатьсяto remind – напоминатьto decide – решитьto reply – ответитьto deny – отрицатьto warn – предупредитьto explain – объяснятьto wonder – интересоватьсяto offer – предлагать
19Если в прямой речи было Present Simple или Present Continuous и при переводе в косвенную речь они были изменены на Past Simple или Past Continuous, то такие предложения следует переводить на русский язык глаголами в настоящем времени.He said, “I know Mary”. – Он сказал: «Я знаю Мэри».He said that he knew Mary. – Он сказал, что он знает Мэри.She said, “They are having dinner.” –Она сказала: «Они обедают».She said that they were having dinner. –Она сказала, что они обедают.