Presentation on theme: "I. Reported speech I. Reported speech Если глагол главного предложения стоит в одном из времен группы Present, то глагол придаточного предложения может."— Presentation transcript:
I. Reported speech I. Reported speech Если глагол главного предложения стоит в одном из времен группы Present, то глагол придаточного предложения может употребляться в любом времени, которое требуется по смыслу.
Direct speechReported speech She says: “I phone my friends every day”. She says: “I will phone you tomorrow”. She says: “I phoned you an hour ago”. He asks: “What is the problem?” She says (that) she phones her friends every day. She says (that) she will phone me tomorrow. She says (that) she phoned me an hour ago. He asks what the problem is.
He says to Lena, “I see my friends every day”. He says to Lena that he sees his friends every day. Carrie tells her mother: “Everyone will laugh.” Carrie tells her mother that everyone will laugh. She says: “I am busy.” She says that she is busy. He tells them, “I don’t like poetry.” He tells them that he doesn’t like poetry. tells Lena says to them
II. Reported speech II. Reported speech Если глагол главного предложения выражен одним из прошедших времен Past Simple, Past Continuous or Past Perfect (чаще Past Simple), то глагол придаточного предложения подчиняется правилу согласования времен.
Sequence of Tenses Direct speech Reported speech Главное предложение Придаточное предложение 1.Present Simple Past Simple or Past Continuous or Past Perfect 1. Past Simple 2. Present Continuous2. Past Continuous 3. Present Perfect3. Past Perfect 4. Present Perfect Continuous 4. Past Perfect Continuous 5. Past Simple5. Past Perfect 6. Future6. Future-in-the-Past 7. Past Continuous 8. Past Perfect 9. Past Perfect Continuous 9. Past Perfect Continuous
She said:“I phone my friends every day”. She said (that) she phoned her friends every day”. Past SimplePresent SimplePast Simple She said:“I will phone you”.She said (that) she would phone me. Past SimpleFuture SimplePast SimpleFuture-in-the-Past She said:“I phoned you yesterday”. She said (that) she had phoned the day before. Past Simple Past Perfect He said:“I can solve this problem”. He said (that)he could solve this problem Past SimplePresent SimplePast Simple He said:“We may go there”. He said (that)they might go there. Past SimplePresent SimplePast Simple He said:“I must leave”.He said (that)He had to leave. Past SimplePresent SimplePast Simple
The mother said: “It is a special party.” The mother said it was a special party. She told Carrie: “I haven’t seen you for a long time.” He told Carrie that he hadn’t seen her for a long time. She said: “Kate, your grandmother gave you a velvet dress for your birthday.” She said to Kate that her grandmother had given her a velvet dress for her birthday. He said: “Everyone will laugh.” He said that everyone would laugh. said to Carrie told Kate
Changes to time words and phrases Direct speech Reported speech todaythat day tonightthat night yesterdaythe day before tomorrownext day (a week) ago(a week) before last yearthe year before next yearthe following year this eveningthat evening nowthen
Changes to demonstrative pronouns Direct speech Reported speech thesethose thisthat herethere
General questions She said:“Are you a good driver?” She asked me ifI was a good driver. Past SimplePresent SimplePast Simple She said:“Does your sister like jogging?” She wanted to know if my sister liked jogging. Past SimplePresent SimplePast Simple She said:“Will you come to the party?” She wondered ifI would come to the party. Past SimpleFuture SimplePast SimpleFuture-in-the-Past She said:“Have you met before?” She asked ifwe had met before. Past SimplePresent PerfectPast SimplePast Perfect
Wh-questions He asked:“What is the problem?” He askedwhat the problem was. Past SimplePresent SimplePast Simple He said:“How did you get here tonight?” He wanted to know how I had got there that night. Past Simple Past Perfect He said:“What subjects do you like?” He asked mewhat subjects I liked. Past SimplePresent SimplePast Simple He said:“What are you doing now?” He wonderedwhat I was doing then. Past SimplePresent ContinuousPast SimplePast Continuous He said:“Why is you cousin sad today?” He askedwhy my cousin was sad that day. Past SimplePresent SimplePast Simple
He says, “Did they write anything interesting?” He asks if they wrote anything interesting. She says to Gregory, “Where do you go every week?” She asks where he goes every week. He says, “Who likes pop music?” He asks who likes pop music. He said, “What time does the match start?” He asked what time the match started.
Измените в вопросах обратный порядок слов на прямой. I. When does he come home? – When he comes home. II. Did he study English last year? – He studied English last year. 1. Why did she call? 2. Where has he been? 3. When will they arrive? 4. How long have you known him? 5. Where does your friend work? 6. When was he sick? 7. How much sugar is there in the bowl? 8. What was built in your street last year? 9. Why was he angry with Jane? 10. How far is it from here? 1. Will he be here tomorrow? 2. Have you seen this film? 3. Does he know this man? 4. Did the police warn you? 5. Will there be any tests next week? 6. Was he late? 7. Am I right? 8. Are they from England? 9. Was there any news from him? 10. Has he seen her this week?
Complete the sentences as in the example. “What time does the match start please” (I/a policeman) I asked a policeman what time the match started. 1. “Where are you going to spend the holiday?” (Joy/Mary) 2. “Why are the tickets so expensive?” (Everybody/us) 3. “How old are Mary’s children?” (Frank/his wife) 4. “Who’s going to buy your house?” (Mrs Jones/ her neighbour) 5. “When are you planning to come to Colchester?” (Bill/his friend) 6. “Where can I get the bus to Liverpool?” (Peter/ a policeman)
Orders. Requests. “Give up fast food,” the doctor said. The doctor advised her to give up fast food. “Don’t be late!” said the teacher. The teacher warned us not to be late. My mother said to me, “Try to be flexible.” My mother advised me to try to be flexible. My best friend said, “Don’t decide what I should do. ” My best friend told me not to decide what she should do.
He says to Jane, “Give me your hand, please.” He asks Jane to give him her hand. Nick says, “Mary, bring me some milk from the kitchen.” Nick tells Mary to bring some milk from the kitchen. They tell Lena, “Please don’t come home late” They ask Lena not to come home late. The teacher says to children: “Don’t open your books.” The teacher tells the children not to open books. ask smb. + to – просить tell smb. + to – велеть don’t not to
I suggested going to the cinema. I suggested that we should go to the cinema. I suggested that we go to the cinema. To report suggestions we use: suggest + V+ing suggest + that sb (should) + V Other reporting verbs used in this way are: insist, recommend, and demand.
say to smb. + (that) + Subject + Verb + Objects tell smb. Обратите внимание на глаголы, вводящие повествовательные предложения. She admits that she was wrong. Она признает, что была неправа. to admit – признаватьto promise – обещать to complain – жаловатьсяto remind – напоминать to decide – решитьto reply – ответить to deny – отрицатьto warn – предупредить to explain – объяснятьto wonder – интересоваться to offer – предлагать
He said, “I know Mary”. – Он сказал: «Я знаю Мэри». He said that he knew Mary. – Он сказал, что он знает Мэри. She said, “They are having dinner.” – Она сказала: «Они обедают». She said that they were having dinner. – Она сказала, что они обедают.