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JOHN Q. ADAMS AND THE CORRUPT BARGAIN PURITAN MISFIT 1825 TO 1829.

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Presentation on theme: "JOHN Q. ADAMS AND THE CORRUPT BARGAIN PURITAN MISFIT 1825 TO 1829."— Presentation transcript:

1 JOHN Q. ADAMS AND THE CORRUPT BARGAIN PURITAN MISFIT 1825 TO 1829

2 THE ELECTION OF 1824 FOUR CANDIDATES zJ.Q.ADAMS zA. JACKSON zWILLIAM CRAWFORD zHENRY CLAY z131 ELECTORAL VOTES NEEDED

3 THE CAMPAIGN zDIRTY AND LOUD zLOG CABIN POLITICS zUNIVERSAL MALE SUFFRAGE

4 THE RESULTS: zJACKSON 99 zADAMS 84 zCRAWFORD 41 zCLAY 37 zHOUSE CHOOSES FROM TOP 3

5 CLAY IS KING MAKER zSPEAKER OF THE HOUSE zCLAY HATES JACKSON zCRAWFORD HAS STROKE zSIDES WITH ADAMS zADAMS MAKES CLAY SEC. OF STATE.

6 JACKSON CRIES CORRUPT BARGAIN!! zRECEIVED 99 ELECTORAL VOTE TO 84 zRECEIVED 45,000 MORE POPULAR VOTES. z 1828 CAMPAIGN BEGINS IN 1825 zTHEME: SHALL THE PEOPLE RULE?

7 ADAMS AS PRESIDENT. zHUMORLESS, BUT HAD BEEN A BRILLANT SEC. OF STATE zBUT NO POLITICAL BASE AS PRESIDENT. zONLY 30% OF THE VOTERS WANTED ADAMS.

8 PRESIDENT ADAMS zREJECTED THE SPOILS SYSTEM. zHE HELD NATIONALIST VIEWS AS SECTIONALISM RETURNED. zWANTED A NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, FAVORED FAIR TREATMENT OF INDIANS.

9 MORE… zIGNORED SECTIONAL PROBLEMS. zADAMS EVEN HANDLED FOREIGN POLICY BADLY. zDEMANDS ACCESS TO THE BRITISH WEST INDIES. zGEORGE CANNING SAYS NO!

10 MORE PROBLEMS: THE PANAMA CONGRESS 1826 zBOLIVAR CALLS CONGRESS zADAMS SENDS APPOINTMENT FOR CONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL. zJACKSONITES DELAY HEARING, ATTACK ADAMS AND CLAY. zPANAMA CONGRESS ENDS.

11 THE TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS 1828 zA POLITICAL TRICK GOES WRONG. zTARIFF OF 1816S RATE 20% TO 25% zTARIFF OF 1824 NEW RATE 37% zJACKSONITES INTRODUCE TARIFF OF % RATE.

12 MORE… zTHEY WERE SURE ADAMS WOULD VETO. WOULD HURT HIM IN NEW ENGLAND zSOUTH CALLS IT THE TARIFF OF ABOMINATION. zADAMS SURPRISES JACKSONITES BY SIGNING THE BILL.

13 CHANGING POSITIONS ON TARIFFS zDANIEL WEBSTER HAD SPOKEN AGAINST TARIFF OF 1816 zJOHN C. CALHOUN SPONSORED THE TARIFF OF zPOSITIONS ARE REVERSED BY zTHE SOUTH IS OUTRAGED

14 REASONS FOR POSITIONS zSOUTH HEAVY CONSUMERS OF IMPORTED GOODS zLEAST PROSPEROUS SECTION zFLEW FLAGS AT 1/2 STAFF. zDENOUNCED THE YANKEE TARIFF

15 SOUTHERN PROTEST zVICE PRESIDENT CALHOUN PUBLISHES THE SOUTH CAROLINA EXPOSITION AND PROTEST. REVIVES NULLIFICATION THEORY. zNECESSARY TO HOLD THE UNION TOGETHER.-CALHOUN

16 MORE… zCALHOUN :INDIVIDUAL STATES CAN NULLIFY FEDERAL LAWS. zHE EXPECTED OTHER SOUTHERN STATES TO FOLLOW. NONE DID zTHEY EXPECTED JACKSON TO BE ELECTED IN HE WOULD END THE TARIFF.

17 THE RETURN OF THE 2 PARTY SYSTEM. zDEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS SPLIT IN 1824 zNATIONAL REPUBLICANS SUPPORT ADAMS AND CLAY zTHE DEMOCRATS BACK JACKSON. zISSUE OF 1828: SHALL THE PEOPLE RULE?

18 THE CAMPAIGN IN 1828 zMUD SLINGING zJACKSONS MOTHER WAS A PROSTITUTE! zJACKSON THE DUELIST KILLER. zRACHEL ROBARDS, JACKSONS WIFE TREATED BADLY zDIES SHORTLY AFTER THE ELECTION

19 JACKSON WINS A CLEAR VICTORY z178 TO 83 AND 66% OF THE POPULAR VOTE. zJACKSON TAKES THE WEST & THE SOUTH. z FIRST TIME COMMON PEOPLE VOTE IN LARGE NUMBERS.

20 JOHN Q. ADAMS AFTER THE PRESIDENCY. zELECTION TO THE HOUSE OF REP. zSERVE 17 YEARS zDIED AT AGE 80 STILL IN THE HOUSE. zLARGE STATE FUNERAL

21 THE REVOLUTION OF 1828 zPOLITICAL POWER MOVE WEST. zGOVERNMENT HAD BEEN BY EASTERN ARISTOCRATS zGOVERNMENT FOR THE PEOPLE. NOT BY THE PEOPLE. zJACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY BROUGHT GOVERNMENT OF AND BY THE PEOPLE.

22 WHAT IS JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY? zBASED ON UNIVERSAL MALE SUFFRAGE. zCOMMON PEOPLE CAN RUN THE GOVERT. zINCLUDES FARMERS AND INDUSTRIAL WORKERS zEXPANDS SOCIAL & POLITICAL DEMOCRACY.

23 MORE… zSUPPORTS TRADE UNIONS zCHEAP FEDERAL LAND zPRESIDENT REPRESENTS ALL THE PEOPLE zCONVENTIONS SHOULD SELECT CANDIDATES

24 JACKSON & SPOILS SYSTEM zROTATION IN OFFICE zMORE VICTORS THAN SPOILS zSCANDALS SAMUEL SWARTWONT zPOLITICAL MACHINE POLITICS

25 CABINET CRISIS zMEDIOCRE CABINET EXCEPT VAN BUREN zTHE KITCHEN CABINET zTHE PEGGY EATON AFFAIR 1831 zJACKSON BREAKS WITH CALHOUN

26 THE MAYVILLE ROAD zJACKSONS REVENGE AGAINST CLAY zJACKSON VETOES MAYVILLE ROAD IN KENTUCKY ON CONSTITUTIONAL GROUNDS

27 THE WEBSTER-HAYNE DEBATES zROBERT Y HAYNE OF SO. CAROLINA (STATES RIGHTS) zDANIEL WEBSTER- (THE UNION CAUSE) zA ROPE OF SAND. -WEBSTER zLIBERTY AND UNION NOW AND FOREVER!


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