Presentation on theme: "Election of 1824: A Corrupt Bargain?"— Presentation transcript:
1Election of 1824: A Corrupt Bargain? John Quincy AdamsFewer popular votes than JacksonClay threw support to AdamsHouse of Reps chose J. Q. AdamsClay became Adams’ Secretary of StateAndrew JacksonMost popular votesMost electoral votesAccused Adams, Clay, and Congress of a “Corrupt Bargain”Fueled campaign for 1828 election
5Andrew Jackson President from 1828-1836 “Old Hickory” Democratic-Republican (shortened to Democrats)First non-”notable” to be elected president
6Jacksonian Democracy More ‘power’ to the common man. Gave the ‘common’ man (western farmers, southern yeoman, etc. a feeling of franchisement.Key state-level democratic reforms-Universal male suffrage-“King Caucus”-Popular campaigning-More elected offices-Rotation in office
7Revolution of 1828: Jacksonian Democracy A more democratic society - small “d” democraticCommon people felt they had a representative in the White House“Spoils System”
8Two-Party SystemEffectively ended the One party system of Democratic-Republicans.Opposition party formed called the “Whigs”
9Whigs and DemocratsSource: ABC-CLIO subscription website
10Figure 11.1 Changes in Voting Patterns, 1824–1840 (p. 320)
11Andrew Jackson: Issues Nationalism vs. States’ RightsNullification and Federal AuthorityBank of the United StatesIndian Removal
12The Nullification Crisis Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abominations) - hurt southern cotton producersPerceived as a sectional law favoring manufacturing interests in the NE.John C. Calhoun - South Carolina Exposition and Protest
13The Nullification Crisis Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abominations) - hurt southern cotton producersPerceived as a sectional law favoring manufacturing interests in the NE.John C. Calhoun - South Carolina Exposition and Protest
14Nullification Crisis of 1833 Tariff of 1832 passed.South Carolina convention ‘nullified’ them bothJackson threatened force (Force Bill of 1833) if SC didn’t abide by federal lawJackson despised nullification calling it unconstitutionalCompromise tariff engineered by….. (drum roll) Henry Clay.
15Sectionalism vs. Nationalism Tariff of 1832 (Abominations) Maysville Road VetoWebster-Hayne DebateNullificationStates’ Rights?
16The Bank of the United States (BUS) Jackson hated the 2nd BUS manager, Nicholas BiddleJackson vetoed the re-charter of the Bank BillJackson saw the Bank as harmful to the western farmers with it’s tight money policiesViewed Bank as favoring privilege and industry
17Jackson’s View of the Bank of the United States (BUS)
21The Panic of 1837Jackson withdrew all federal funds from the BUS and deposited them in ‘pet banks’Spawned a speculative land fever on western lands = massive inflation of land values (overvalued)Jackson issued the “Specie Circular” ordering all land purchases be made in gold and silver.Paper banknotes lost their value and land sales plummetedPanic of led to an economic depression until the early 1840s.Map 11.4 Anatomy of a Panic: Bank Suspensions in May 1837 (p. 334) Henretta America’s History 5 ed.
23U. S. Federal Indian Policy War of 1812, death of Tecumseh and pan-Indian alliance, Creek Wars, Indian Springs Treaty of 1825, Seminole WarsIndian Removal Act - Gave President authority to trade SE tribes for their land in east for land in west. Provided money for land transfer and relocationBlack Hawk’s War (1832)
25Indian Policy and the Cherokee Nation Supreme Court decisionsCherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831) - Marshall denied Cherokee claim as a separate republic. Rather, they were a domestic dependent nation. - ward of the USWorcester v. Georgia (1832) - Marshall held that Cherokees were a distinct political community and entitled to federal protection from state interference (from Georgia)Jackson’s response was: ‘John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it.’Forced removal of remaining Cherokee to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) - along the “Trail of Tears”
26Indian Removal in the 1830sSource: Abc-Clio subscription website
27Map 11.3 The Removal of Native Americans, 1820–1843 (p. 327) •file:///Users/jcorn/Desktop/APUSH%20PPTS/Animations/Indian%20Removal.htm
28Andrew Jackson’s Legacy Still debated. Admired by some, hated by others.Strong influence on his generation both politically and economically.Defined an era…