ELECTION OF 1824 Only one political party—the Jeffersonian- Republicans. Candidates: William Crawford Andrew Jackson Henry Clay John Quincy Adams
Jackson won the popular vote and the most electoral votes, but he did not have a majority (or more than half). The House of Representatives would have to decide.
THE “CORRUPT BARGAIN” Before the vote in the House, Clay met with Adams. Clay said he would use his influence in the House to get Adams elected, Adams was elected, and Clay became Secretary of State.
This “corrupt bargain” tainted Adams’ presidency and Congress refused to cooperate with him.
THE ELECTION OF 1828 The Jeffersonian- Republicans split into Democratic- Republicans and National Republicans.
DEMOCRATIC- REPUBLICANS Andrew Jackson States’ rights Party of frontiersmen, immigrants, and laborers.
NATIONAL REPUBLICANS John Quincy Adams Strong national government Party of farmers and merchants
NEW ELECTION TACTICS Campaigning— election slogans, buttons, rallies, barbecues. Mudslinging— attempts to ruin your opponent’s reputation with insults.
Jackson won the election by a landslide. His promise to represent the “common man” against the interests of the rich was very popular.
HOW DID JACKSON’S PRESIDENCY CHANGE POLITICS? Politics no longer only for the rich New voters Spoils system Electoral changes
POLITICS WAS NO LONGER FOR THE RICH Jackson had come from a poor background to become a war hero and a wealthy man.
Poor people— THE COMMON MAN—identified with Jackson and wanted to participate in the political process because they liked him.
NEW VOTERS Jackson promised “equal protection and equal benefits for all.” Voting restrictions were lifted and more voters (white men) could vote.
Women, African- Americans, and Native Americans could still not vote.
SPOILS SYSTEM Jackson fired many government workers and replaced them with his supporters.
“To the victor belongs the spoils.” The person who wins the election gets the spoils (or benefits of victory), including handing out government jobs to supporters. This practice became known as the SPOILS SYSTEM.
ELECTORAL CHANGES Nominating conventions allowed more people to participate in the selection of political candidates.