Presentation on theme: "Ending an Era Adams and Jackson. Shattered Era of Good Feelings."— Presentation transcript:
Ending an Era Adams and Jackson
Shattered Era of Good Feelings
Voting Requirements in the Early 19c
Voter Turnout: 1820 - 1860
Why Increased Democratization? White male suffrage increased White male suffrage increased Party nominating committees. Party nominating committees. Voters chose their state’s slate of Presidential electors. Voters chose their state’s slate of Presidential electors. Spoils system. Spoils system. Rise of Third Parties. Rise of Third Parties. Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.) Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.) Two-party system returned in the 1832 election: Two-party system returned in the 1832 election: Dem-Reps Natl. Reps.(1828) Whigs (1832) Republicans (1854) Dem-Reps Natl. Reps.(1828) Whigs (1832) Republicans (1854) Democrats (1828) Democrats (1828)
Election of 1824 = The Corrupt Bargain 4 Candidates Running – John Quincy Adams (son of John Adams 3 rd President) – Henry Clay (American System) – William Crawford (ever heard of him???) – Andrew Jackson (early advantage and won popular vote but not electoral college vote)
12 th Amendment If no candidate gets the electoral college vote, then the House of Representatives decides who the next president will be Why is Henry Clay so important? – Presides over committee that got to pick the presidential winner – Clay didn’t like Jackson so he persuaded the committee to vote for Adams
Corrupt Bargain Adams won the 1824 election Clay became secretary of state Was this fair?????? – Jackson called this a corrupt bargain
John Quincy Adams as President Not popular Didn’t like the spoils system Proposed giving the federal gov’t more control – Highways – Canals – Arts and sciences promotion – Found a national university – Tariffs Cherokees – wanted to be fair Do you think this would continue sectionalism? Who would be opposed and why?
The “Common Man’s” Presidential Candidate
Jacksonians Weren’t giving up!!!! Believed they had been cheated out of the White House in the election of 1824 “Old Hickory” – Attempted to portray Jackson as a common man; farmer; no college – He actually lived in a mansion; was a wealthy planter; owned slaves Universal White Man Suffrage – Who couldn’t vote?
Jackson as President Jackson won the election of 1828 Spoils System Tariff of Abominations
Rates were extremely high!!!! Who wouldn’t like this? What do they do about it?
South Carolina Exposition John C. Calhoun – writer Wanted South Carolina to say that the tariff was null and void in SC because it was unconstitutional What does this remind you of?
South Carolina Nullification Crisis South Carolina Special Convention of 1832 – 2/3 majority declared the tariff null and void Jackson’s reaction – Have nullifiers hanged – Union power – Send in troops to enforce the law – Why is this so hard to believe from Jackson? Clay the Compromiser
Compromise Tariff of 1833 – Reduce the tariff by about 10% over 8 years back to the “mildly protective” tariff of 1816 Force Bill – “Bloody Bill” president could use army and navy to collect tariffs if necessary Clay came out looking like a HERO
Compromise of 1833/ Missouri Compromise How are they similar?