5Why Increased Democratization? White male suffrage increasedParty nominating committees.Voters chose their state’s slate of Presidential electors.Spoils system.Rise of Third Parties.Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.)Two-party system returned in the 1832 election:Dem-Reps Natl. Reps.(1828) Whigs (1832) Republicans (1854)Democrats (1828)
7Election of 1824 = The Corrupt Bargain 4 Candidates RunningJohn Quincy Adams (son of John Adams 3rd President)Henry Clay (American System)William Crawford (ever heard of him???)Andrew Jackson (early advantage and won popular vote but not electoral college vote)
812th AmendmentIf no candidate gets the electoral college vote, then the House of Representatives decides who the next president will beWhy is Henry Clay so important?Presides over committee that got to pick the presidential winnerClay didn’t like Jackson so he persuaded the committee to vote for Adams
9Corrupt Bargain Adams won the 1824 election Clay became secretary of stateWas this fair??????Jackson called this a corrupt bargain
10John Quincy Adams as President Not popularDidn’t like the spoils systemProposed giving the federal gov’t more controlHighwaysCanalsArts and sciences promotionFound a national universityTariffsCherokees – wanted to be fairDo you think this would continue sectionalism?Who would be opposed and why?
12Jacksonians Weren’t giving up!!!! Believed they had been cheated out of the White House in the election of 1824“Old Hickory”Attempted to portray Jackson as a common man; farmer; no collegeHe actually lived in a mansion; was a wealthy planter; owned slavesUniversal White Man SuffrageWho couldn’t vote?
13Jackson as President Jackson won the election of 1828 Spoils System Tariff of Abominations
14Tariff of Abominations Rates were extremely high!!!!Who wouldn’t like this?What do they do about it?
15South Carolina Exposition John C. Calhoun – writerWanted South Carolina to say that the tariff was null and void in SC because it was unconstitutionalWhat does this remind you of?
16South Carolina Nullification Crisis South Carolina Special Convention of 18322/3 majority declared the tariff null and voidJackson’s reactionHave nullifiers hangedUnion powerSend in troops to enforce the lawWhy is this so hard to believe from Jackson?Clay the Compromiser
17Clay the Compromiser Compromise Tariff of 1833 Reduce the tariff by about 10% over 8 years back to the “mildly protective” tariff of 1816Force Bill – “Bloody Bill” president could use army and navy to collect tariffs if necessaryClay came out looking like a HERO
18Compromise of 1833/ Missouri Compromise How are they similar?