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The Age of Jackson. Jacksonian Democracy The age of the common man Universal white male suffrage (no property qualifications) “The New Democracy”

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Presentation on theme: "The Age of Jackson. Jacksonian Democracy The age of the common man Universal white male suffrage (no property qualifications) “The New Democracy”"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Age of Jackson

2 Jacksonian Democracy The age of the common man Universal white male suffrage (no property qualifications) “The New Democracy”

3 Permanent political parties Public campaigning, big rallies Massive public participation

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5 Election of 1824 Crawford Adams Clay Jackson

6 Election of 1824

7 “The Corrupt Bargain” Nobody gets electoral majority Top 3 (Jackson, Adams, Crawford) go into House of Rep Crawford has a stroke, he’s out Henry Clay is Speaker of the House Adams wins in House, Clay named Sec of State Jacksonians scream “Corruption!”

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9 Adams’s Presidency ( ) Miserable four years Jacksonians refuse to help him in Congress High expectations, almost nothing accomplished

10 Election of 1828 Last party-free election in American History Nasty election Jackson soundly defeats Adams

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13 The Mason-Dixon Line

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15 Spoils System To the victor go the spoils Treasure, Appointing your political allies to public office Patronage

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17 Indian Removal Jackson was an Indian fighter for decades 1827: Cherokee nation declares itself sovereign Georgia refuses to recognize their independence 1831: Cherokee Nation v. Georgia Worcester v. Georgia Supreme Court rules in favor of the Cherokee

18 Indian Removal Indian Removal Act (1830) Indians forced to give up land to move west Some agree, others refuse Second Seminole War ( ) Fugitive slaves fight with Seminoles 1838: 16,000 Cherokees forcibly moved West 4,000 die on the long march to Oklahoma “Trail of Tears

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23 A bank of the United States is in many respects convenient for the Government and useful to the people. Entertaining this opinion, and deeply impressed with the belief that some of the powers and privileges possessed by the existing bank are unauthorized by the Constitution, subversive of the rights of the States, and dangerous to the liberties of the people, I felt it my duty at an early period of my Administration to call the attention of Congress to the practicability of organizing an institution combining all its advantages and obviating these objections. I sincerely regret that in the act before me I can perceive none of those modifications of the bank charter which are necessary, in my opinion, to make it compatible with justice, with sound policy, or with the Constitution of our country.” Jackson’s Bank Veto, 1832.

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