Presentation on theme: "The People’s Hero: Andrew Jackson and a New Era 1824–1830"— Presentation transcript:
1The People’s Hero: Andrew Jackson and a New Era 1824–1830 Chapter 15The People’s Hero:Andrew Jackson and a New Era1824–1830
2The Election of 1824 Election traditions 1824 Candidates King Caucus Virginia DynastySecretary of State moving up1824 CandidatesWilliam CrawfordJohn Quincy AdamsHenry ClayAndrew JacksonJohn C. Calhoun runs alone for V.P.
3Election of 1824 (cont.’d) Election of 1824 Corrupt Bargain Jackson receives most popular votesNo one receives majority of electoral votesElection goes to the House of RepresentativesCorrupt BargainClay throws support to AdamsAdams wins in HouseClay new Secretary of StateJackson declares “Corrupt Bargain”
4The Age of the Common Man President John Quincy AdamsImpressive credentialsStandoffish and elitistTries to stand above party politicsOut of step with times
5Age of the Common Man (cont.’d) Growing democratic spiritResult of democratic rhetoric and growing countryResult of prosperity and expanded suffrage“Workies”Consists of eastern workersWants reform to benefit workersEnacts many reformsDrift into Democratic partyAnti-Masonic PartyFounded New York after exposé of masons by William MorganMasons had grown quite large in U.S.George WashingtonAnti-Masons were anti-establishmentNotable political leaders were anti-masons
6The Revolution of 1828 1828 presidential race Adams, Jackson candidatesSupporters of each sling mudImage outweighs the issuesJackson easily winsPresident Andrew Jackson – uncommon manMob welcomes Jackson to presidencyJackson exceptional leaderBelieves in openness of American societyBelieves in limited role for government
7Revolution of 1828 (cont.’d) Jackson’s views on womenLive in different sphere than menMorally, spiritually superior to menMust be protected by menChildrenVery gentle with childrenIndulged them which was not always common at timeOn minoritiesSees blacks as inferiorBlacks subject to be slavesAdmires Indian cultureBelieves races cannot live togetherJackson replaces office-holders who oppose himCreates “spoils system”Establishes patronage as part of U.S. politics
8Issues of Jackson’s First Term Internal improvementsVetoes federal road in KentuckySays road is unconstitutionalRoad would also benefit ClayApproves other internal improvementsIndian removalPolicy of relocating tribes west of MississippiScrapped old treatiesUsed trickery and force to gain land
9Issues of Jackson’s First Term (cont.’d) CherokeeCivilized tribe; adopts white waysSequoyah creates Cherokee alphabetTribe includes trained lawyersCherokee fight through courts, CongressGeorgians determined to gain landSupreme Court rules in Cherokee favorGeorgians, Jackson ignore rulingTrail of TearsU.S. uses fraud to gain Cherokee landTrail of Tears: forced trip to OklahomaThousands of Indians die en route
10Issues of Jackson’s First Term (cont.’d) South Carolina Exposition and ProtestTariff of Abomination enrages South CarolinaJohn C. Calhoun writes protestUses states’ rights argumentsTariff of 1832Enrages South Carolina even moreSouth Carolina declares law null and voidJackson, Congress threaten South CarolinaForce BillClay works out compromise tariff
14Discussion QuestionsWho won the Election of 1824? Why was it a controversial election? Did this controversy have any effect on the Election of 1828?Evaluate the economic policies of Andrew Jackson. Was his presidency good for the United States economy?What events led to the Trail of Tears? What role did Jackson and the Supreme Court play in this dispossession of the Cherokees?Under what justification did South Carolina nullify the Tariff of 1832? What was Jackson’s response? How was the situation settled?