Presentation on theme: "Learning Targets I Can…Identify and analyze sectional and national politics I Can…Identify ways in which Andrew Jackson increases the percentage of Americans."— Presentation transcript:
Learning Targets I Can…Identify and analyze sectional and national politics I Can…Identify ways in which Andrew Jackson increases the percentage of Americans who are engaged in politics I Can…Discuss nullification and distinguish between State and Federal rights I Can…Analyze reasons for the mistreatment of Native Americans I Can….Identify the problems with the National Bank and discuss its constitutionality I Can….Identify key political parties and their platforms.
Adams defeats Jackson 1824 Jackson wins popular vote “corrupt bargain” between Clay & Q. Adams Jackson and supporters believe election was stolen from him!
Election of 1824 John Quincy Adams Electoral Votes: 84 Pop. Vote: 113,122 (30.5%) Andrew Jackson Electoral Votes: 99 Pop. Vote: 151,271 (43.1%) William Harris Crawford Electoral Votes: 41 Pop. Vote: 40,856 (13.2%) Henry Clay Electoral Votes: 37 Pop. Vote: 47,531 (13.1%)
Adams is Unable to Pass Programs Wants to build roads and canals, aid education & science, regulate use of natural resources. Congress, led by Jackson supporters, defeats Adams’ proposals
Working Toward 1828 Election Jackson & supporters start working to win the election in 1828 Divisions between Jackson and Adams grow Jackson claimed to represent the… “common man” The party splits between Democrats for Jackson & National Republicans for Adams
Voting Expands Only white male landowners could vote in most states Jackson pushes for less restrictions for voting, or FRANCHISE, is extended “Jacksonian Democracy”: the idea of widening political power to the people Women, slaves, and African Americans still unable to vote in most places
Jackson Wins 1828 Election Expansion of voting rights helps Jackson win! Western farmers and workers in the city gave him strong support, ending elite controlled govt. Rachel dies shortly after election of heart attack, Jackson blames opponents’ attacks on her.
A New Political Era Campaign promised to reform America Starts replacing many government officials with supporters “Spoils System” “to the victor belongs the spoils”
Rising Sectional Differences 3 major issues between the West, Northeast, & South –Sale of public lands in the West –Federal spending on internal improvements –Rising tariffs
Regional Interests Westerners want federal govt. to sell public land at low prices= political power Northeast feared cheap land would take their workers away Better transportation would bring food and raw materials to the N.E. and manufactured goods to Western markets Southerners opposed fed. spending on projects because the tariff financed it.
Southerners Against the Tariff Tariffs made imported goods more $$$ than Am. Made, helped protect NE factories from competition Southern planters depended on trading cotton for foreign manufactured goods Tariff hurt the South’s economy!!!
Fed. Govt. vs. States Huge debate over the tariff 1828 Nullification Crisis Southerners hated a large rate increase on the tariff “Tariff of Abominations” Southerners believed economic interests of the NE was determining national policy V.P. John C. Calhoun sympathizes with S., wanted to keep them in the Union Proposes Doctrine of Nullification
Jackson & Tariff Supporter of States’ Rights, NOT Nullification “Our Federal Union-it must be preserved” -Jackson “…may we all remember that it can only be preserved by respecting the rights of the states…” - Calhoun Led to both becoming political enemies!
South Carolina Threatens Secession 1832 Congress reduces tariff at Jackson’s request S. C. nullifies Tariff Acts of 1828 & 1832, votes to raise own army Will secede if feds. try to collect! Jackson wins in 1832 election, threatens use of force Henry Clay proposes a compromise tariff in 1832, crisis ends!
Bank Crisis and Nullification
Learning Target Assessment
1)What Candidate won the popular vote in 1824? What Candidate became President? 2)Widening political power to more of the people and ensuring majority rule is called what? 3)Giving government jobs to political backers is known as the ______ ________. 4)Southerners were against _______, or taxes on imports. 5)The Doctrine of ________ says that if a state thinks a law is unconstitutional, it can ignore it.
Answers 1)Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams 2)Jacksonian Democracy 3)Spoils System 4)Tariffs 5)Nullification