2Focus QuestionsHow was Jacksonian Democracy a sign of change in American politics?How did tariff disputes lead to the nullification crisis, and how did President Jackson respond?Why was President Jackson against a national bank, and how did his opposition affect the economy?
3Jacksonian DemocracyMany states began to allow non-property owning males to voteSome parties started have nominating conventions– public meetings to select the party’s presidential and vice candidatesThis democratic expansion became known as Jacksonian Democracy after Andrew Jackson
4Jacksonian DemocracyJackson supporters believed that he would support the common man and rights of the slave statesThe people in the party who thought that Clay and Adams stole the 1824 formed the Democratic PartyIn 1828, Jackson ran for president as a Democrat and chose John C. Calhoun as his running mate
5Jackson’s VictoryJackson and Calhoun won with a record number of votesJackson rewarding some of his supporters with government jobs– this known as the spoils systemMartin Van Buren was his secretary of state and one of Jackson’s strongest supportersJackson also relied on an informal group known as the kitchen cabinet (often times they met in the kitchen)
6Conflict over TariffsWhen it came to tariffs, northern states wanted higher tariffs and southern states wanted lower tariffsThis regional divide was Jackson’s first issue in officeIn 1828 Congress passed the Tariff of Abominations (hateful things) was passed– it was a high tariff and southerners thought federal government was abusing their power
7The Nullification Crisis John Calhoun (Vice President) wrote a statement in support of states’ rightsThose who favor states’ rights believe that the federal government is strictly limited by the ConstitutionThe dispute between state and federal government became known as the nullification crisis– states had the right to rebel if their rights were violatedDaniel Webster a Senator from Massachusetts did not agree
8The Nullification Crisis South Carolina tested this in and Jackson promised to send troops if need be to make them follow the tested lawA compromise was reached and war was avoided
9The Second Bank of the United States Jackson opposed the Second Bank of the United States that was formed in 1816In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Constitutionality of the bank came into question and the Supreme Court sided with Congress in allowing them to form a national bank
10The Second Bank of the United States This case also determined that federal laws out weigh state lawsBy the time Jackson had completed his presidency the national debt had lowered but he did not improve the economy
11Van Buren’s Presidency In 1836, the Whig Party was formed from a group of Jackson’s opponentsThe Whig’s ran four candidates in 1836 but with Jackson’s support the Democrat Martin Van Buren won
12Van Buren’s Presidency In 1836, the Whig Party was formed from a group of Jackson’s opponentsThe Whig’s ran four candidates in but with Jackson’s support the Democrat Martin Van Buren wonThe Panic of 1837, hit America and led to a severe economic depressionVan Buren was blamed for the panicThe Whigs ran William Henry Harrison in 1840 and they finally won the presidency
13Focus QuestionsHow was Jacksonian Democracy a sign of change in American politics?How did tariff disputes lead to the nullification crisis, and how did President Jackson respond?Why was President Jackson against a national bank, and how did his opposition affect the economy?