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The Age of Jackson Section 3 Chapter 11. Focus Questions How was Jacksonian Democracy a sign of change in American politics? How did tariff disputes lead.

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Presentation on theme: "The Age of Jackson Section 3 Chapter 11. Focus Questions How was Jacksonian Democracy a sign of change in American politics? How did tariff disputes lead."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Age of Jackson Section 3 Chapter 11

2 Focus Questions How was Jacksonian Democracy a sign of change in American politics? How did tariff disputes lead to the nullification crisis, and how did President Jackson respond? Why was President Jackson against a national bank, and how did his opposition affect the economy?

3 Jacksonian Democracy Many states began to allow non-property owning males to vote Some parties started have nominating conventions– public meetings to select the partys presidential and vice candidates This democratic expansion became known as Jacksonian Democracy after Andrew Jackson

4 Jacksonian Democracy Jackson supporters believed that he would support the common man and rights of the slave states The people in the party who thought that Clay and Adams stole the 1824 formed the Democratic Party In 1828, Jackson ran for president as a Democrat and chose John C. Calhoun as his running mate

5 Jacksons Victory Jackson and Calhoun won with a record number of votes Jackson rewarding some of his supporters with government jobs– this known as the spoils system Martin Van Buren was his secretary of state and one of Jacksons strongest supporters Jackson also relied on an informal group known as the kitchen cabinet (often times they met in the kitchen)

6 Conflict over Tariffs When it came to tariffs, northern states wanted higher tariffs and southern states wanted lower tariffs This regional divide was Jacksons first issue in office In 1828 Congress passed the Tariff of Abominations (hateful things) was passed– it was a high tariff and southerners thought federal government was abusing their power

7 The Nullification Crisis John Calhoun (Vice President) wrote a statement in support of states rights Those who favor states rights believe that the federal government is strictly limited by the Constitution The dispute between state and federal government became known as the nullification crisis– states had the right to rebel if their rights were violated Daniel Webster a Senator from Massachusetts did not agree

8 The Nullification Crisis South Carolina tested this in 1832 and Jackson promised to send troops if need be to make them follow the tested law A compromise was reached and war was avoided

9 The Second Bank of the United States Jackson opposed the Second Bank of the United States that was formed in 1816 In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Constitutionality of the bank came into question and the Supreme Court sided with Congress in allowing them to form a national bank

10 The Second Bank of the United States This case also determined that federal laws out weigh state laws By the time Jackson had completed his presidency the national debt had lowered but he did not improve the economy

11 Van Burens Presidency In 1836, the Whig Party was formed from a group of Jacksons opponents The Whigs ran four candidates in 1836 but with Jacksons support the Democrat Martin Van Buren won

12 Van Burens Presidency In 1836, the Whig Party was formed from a group of Jacksons opponents The Whigs ran four candidates in 1836 but with Jacksons support the Democrat Martin Van Buren won The Panic of 1837, hit America and led to a severe economic depression Van Buren was blamed for the panic The Whigs ran William Henry Harrison in 1840 and they finally won the presidency

13 Focus Questions How was Jacksonian Democracy a sign of change in American politics? How did tariff disputes lead to the nullification crisis, and how did President Jackson respond? Why was President Jackson against a national bank, and how did his opposition affect the economy?


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