Presentation on theme: "Ch 14: WWI and Its Aftermath"— Presentation transcript:
1Ch 14: WWI and Its Aftermath 1914-1920 Section 1: The U.S. Enters WWI
2Woodrow Wilson’s Diplomacy Hated imperialismWanted to focus on U.S. internal problemsWanted to ignore the rest of the world outside of the AmericasEx: Mexico, Nicaragua,Haiti, and theDominican Republic
3Factors for Europe Going To War 1. Alliance SystemWhen countries make agreements to protect each other.Triple Alliance-Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungaryvs.Triple Entente-France, Russia, and Britain
4Factors for Europe Going To War 2. NationalismA feeling of intense pride of one’s homelandEuropean countries wanted to go to war to get more land for their own people (became greedy)Led to self-determination-different groups within a country wanted their own countryEx: Serbians in the Balkins
6Serbia’s Desires in Europe Supported by RussiaHated by Austria-Hungary who limited their growthWanted to get Bosnia to join in the new Serbian country but Austria-Hungary took it first.
7Archduke Franz Ferdinand Leader of Austria-HungaryVisited Bosnia in 1914Assassinated by a Serbiansupporter as he rode inhis car through the streetsSerbia was blamedJuly 28, 1914war was declared
8Alliance System Kicks In Austria-Hungary asked Germany for supportSerbia asked Russia for supportIf Russia went to war, France would help RussiaEach country individually could not fight but with support from others became stronger
9Germany’s Plan Part 1Planned to attack/defeat France quickly and then attack Russia separatelyProblem:To get to France, Germany attacked neutral Belgium.This made Britain angry, so they joined the war on the side of France
14American ViewpointsPresident Wilson-America is neutral/staying out of the warIrish/German immigrants wanted to support GermanyMost other groups supported Britain/FranceU.S. Military supported BritainU.S. public swayed by British Propaganda
15American ViewpointsEast coast companies and banks sent $2 billion to the Allies (Britain, France, and Russia)Midwest companies and banks sent $27 million to GermanyU.S. Secretary of the Treasury limited these loans to GermanyMoney was used to buy weapons and support the war effort
16QuestionsSo, can we say that the United States was truly staying neutral in this war???What do you think each side will do to the U.S. for giving the other side money???
17British Blockade Britain wanted to limit the supplies into Germany A blockade was set upGermany used U-boats (small submarines) to attack this blockade and any ship around Britain
18U-Boat AttacksThe U-boats were going to sink any ship, including non-military boatsAmericans were outraged at this newsMay 7, 1915-a U-boatsank the cruise linerLusitania. 1,200people died including128 Americans
19U-Boat Attacks leads to peace?? Americans wanted revenge for the sinking of the Lusitania but the president gave a warning to Germany insteadMarch 1916, a U-boat sank a French cruise ship, Sussex, injuring many Americans on boardAmericans angry againSussex Pledge-Germany was afraid for the U.S. to enter the war so they agreed to stop attacking civilian ships.
20Zimmerman NoteA German official, Arthur Zimmerman, sent a message to another official in MexicoMessage wanted Mexico to attack the U.S. if the U.S. went to war with GermanyIf Germany won the war, it would give Mexico back the land the U.S. took after the Mexican-American War of 1848
22Zimmerman Note British gov’t intercepted the note Leaked to the U.S. newspapersAmericans angry/wanted warGermany also started sinking American ships with U-boats againApril 6, 1917 Congress declared war against Germany
23QuestionsIf the U.S. declared war on Germany, who would they have an alliance with???If Germany had not sent the Zimmerman Note and attacked U.S. ships, do you think that the U.S. would have entered WWI???
24Sources Textbook: The American Republic Since 1877 Pictures: Google Images