Scramble for Africa Great Britain, France, Portugal, Spain, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Netherlands – divided Africa among themselves Why – Natural resources Gold, diamonds, oil – Politics National pride (more colonies = more status) – Worldview Desire to civilize and Christianize Africa
Scramble for Asia Europe changed from Asias trading partner to Asias conqueror British took India French took Vietnam
On the rise in Europe: Nationalism: love of ones country Militarism: using strong armies and threats of war European countries signed treaties agreeing to help each other in case of attack.
The Great War (WWI) Causes: 1.MAIN : Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, and Nationalism 2.Tensions over territory in the Balkans 3.Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife by Gavrilo Princip, a Serb
WWI The War to End All Wars Central Powers Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire (Turkey + colonies) Bulgaria Germany Plus all their colonies Allied Powers Russia France U.S. U.K. Plus all their colonies
Events 1.Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. 2. Russia came to Serbias defense. 3.Germany backed its Germanic ally and went to war against Russia & Serbia. 4.France & Britain then went to war against the monarchies of Germany & Austria-Hungary.
THE U.S. TRIES TO STAY NEUTRAL Most Americans supported the ALLIES. But - many German-Americans and Irish- Americans were anti-British, supporting the CENTRAL powers. Britains navy stopped all shipping carrying weapons to Europe.
WORLD WAR I: U.S. NEUTRALITY Later, Britain stopped all trade with nations on the European continent. The US protested, but Britain remained careful in its relations with the U.S. Germany tried to break the British blockade by using the submarine, called U-BOAT.
Why the U.S. Entered the War In May, 1915, Germany sank the British liner LUSITANIA died, including 128 Americans. As Wilson campaigned for re-election, he began a naval rearmament program.
U.S. Enters the War Germany sank all ships in the waters around Britain. This UNRESTRICTED SUBMARINE WARFARE made Wilson break off diplomatic relations with Germany. Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war, which he got on April 6, 1917.
THE U.S. FIGHTS TO VICTORY American DOUGH BOYS began fighting in Europe in : Russia pulled out of the war after the Communists took power. In Belgium and France, TRENCH WARFARE led to stalemate. Germany first used POISON GAS in 1915, and Britain introduced the tank in
War Ends The turning point came in mid in favor of the Allies. Germany signed an ARMISTICE at eleven o'clock on the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, which ended the war (now called Veterans Day). The Allies won. Germany was blamed for the war.