Presentation on theme: "An explanation of Formal Commands in Spanish Commands in English… … are pretty easy. You just use a base verb form (without a subject, since its always."— Presentation transcript:
An explanation of Formal Commands in Spanish
Commands in English… … are pretty easy. You just use a base verb form (without a subject, since its always you) to tell people what they should do: –Stand up! –Sit down! –Do your homework! –Take out the garbage! –Be quiet!
Commands in Spanish… … are little more complicated because we have so many ways of saying you: –Tú: informal, singular –Vosotros: informal, plural –Ud.: formal, singular –Uds.: formal, plural However, we will concentrate on the formal commands only.
Hable despacio, por favor. The speaker is talking to one person. Can you figure out how we got the form hable? Take the yo form of the present: HABLO Drop the –o: HABL- Hablar is an –AR verb, so add –E to form the command: HABLE -AR verbs
Repita, por favor. The speaker is talking to one person. Can you figure out how we got the form repita? Take the yo form of the present: REPITO Drop the –o: REPIT- Repetir is an –IR verb, so add –A to form the command: REPITA -ER/-IR Verbs
Opposite vowels Think of the verb adding the opposite vowel ARAR verbs add an –E. ER & IRER & IR verbs add an –A.
More than one person? Uds… Coman Uds. la paella. Right! Just add an –N to the command form when you are talking to more than one person.
Lets try a few more! Comer: ¡______ Uds.! Escribir: ¡_____ Uds.! Tomar: ¡_____ Uds.!
Some irregulars…¿Qué pasa? Haga la tarea. ~hacer=to do Hacer > yo hago > -o + -a Tenga paciencia. ~tener=to have Tener > yo tengo > -o + -a Salga ahora.~ salir=to leave Salir > yo salgo > - o + -a Vuelva a casa.~volver=to return Volver > yo vuelvo > -o + -a Piense bien.~pensar=to think Pensar > yo pienso > -o + -e These verbs follow the same formula: start with the yo form, drop the –o, and add the opposite vowel.
En la cocina, use the FORMAL SINGULAR COMMAND FORMS Usted Cocinar- to cook, Cocine Medir-to measure, Mida Agregar-to add, Agregue Freír-to fry, Fría Hervir-to boil, Hierva Romper-to break, Rompa Hornear-to bake, Hornee Batir- to beat, Bata Combinar-to combine/to blend, Combine Mezclar-to mix, Mezcle Picar-to chop, Pique Cortar-to cut, Corte Cubrir-to cover, Cubra
Ahora Ahora, traduzcan usando los mandatos formales…. 1.Blend a cup of milk! = __________________________ 2. Beat two eggs! = __________________________ 3. Boil three cups of water! = __________________________ 4. Cut the chicken! = __________________________ 5. Bake the cake! = __________________________