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Formal Commands! Ten-Hut! In this presentation, you will learn about making commands in Spanish.

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Presentation on theme: "Formal Commands! Ten-Hut! In this presentation, you will learn about making commands in Spanish."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Formal Commands! Ten-Hut! In this presentation, you will learn about making commands in Spanish.

3 Commands in English… … are pretty easy. You just use a base verb form (without a subject, since its always you) to tell people what they should do: Stand up! Sit down! Do your homework! Take out the garbage! Be quiet!

4 Commands in English… … and what they shouldnt do: Dont write in your books! Dont speak English in Spanish class! Dont be silly!

5 Commands in Spanish… … are little more complicated because we have so many ways of saying you: Tú: informal, singular Vosotros: informal, plural Ud.: formal, singular Uds.: formal, plural However, we will concentrate on the formal commands only.

6 Lets look at a few examples! Hable despacio, por favor. ¡Repita, por favor.! Siéntese Ud. aquí. Entreguen Uds. la tarea. Hagan el ejercicio B. No hagan el ejercicio A. ¡No se levante Ud.! ¡No corran en la clase!

7 Hable despacio, por favor. The speaker is talking to one person. Can you figure out how we got the form hable? Take the yo form of the present: HABLO Drop the –o: HABL- Hablar is an –AR verb, so add –E to form the command: HABLE

8 Repita, por favor. The speaker is talking to one person. Can you figure out how we got the form repita? Take the yo form of the present: REPITO Drop the –o: REPIT- Repetir is an –IR verb, so add –A to form the command: REPITA

9 Opposite vowels Think of the verb adding the opposite vowel: AR verbs add an –E. ER & IR verbs add an –A.

10 Lets try a couple! Comer: ¡______ Ud.! ¡Coma Ud.! Escribir: ¡_____ Ud.! ¡Escriba Ud.! Tomar: ¡_____ Ud.! ¡Tome Ud.! Entregar: ¡_____ la tarea! ¡Entregue la tarea! Note the spelling change because of the final –g sound.

11 Uds… Entreguen Uds. la tarea. Right! Just add an –N to the command form when you are talking to more than one person.

12 Lets try a couple more! Comer: ¡______ Uds.! ¡Coman Uds.! Escribir: ¡_____ Uds.! ¡Escriban Uds.! Tomar: ¡_____ Uds.! ¡Tomen Uds.! Comenzar: ¡_____ el examen! ¡Comiencen el examen! Note the spelling change because of the final –z.

13 ¡Levántese! What about reflexive verbs? ¡Levántese! / ¡Siéntese! In affirmative commands, all objects are attached to the end of the verb. Levante + se Levanten + se

14 ¡No! How do we make negative commands in Spanish? ¡No fume! ¡No tome café! ¡No coma tanto! Right – simply put the word NO in front of the command form.

15 ¡No se levante! What about reflexive verbs? ¡No se levante! ¡No se siénte! In negative commands, all objects precede the verb. No se levante. No se levanten. No se siente. No se sienten.

16 Some irregulars What would a lesson be without a few irregulars to make it interesting?? Can you guess where these forms come from? Haga la tarea. Tenga paciencia. Salga ahora. Vuelva a casa. Piense bien. ¡Sé bueno! ¡Esté tranquila!

17 ¿Qué pasa? Haga la tarea. Hacer > yo hago > -o + -a Tenga paciencia. Tener > yo tengo > -o + -a Salga ahora. Salir > yo salgo > - o + -a Vuelva a casa. Volver > yo vuelvo > -o + -a Piense bien. Pensar > yo pienso > -o + -e These verbs follow the same formula: start with the yo form, drop the –o, and add the opposite vowel.

18 Sé, esté, dé, sepa, vaya These five verbs are very irregular for a good reason: Ser > yo soy Estar > yo estoy Dar > yo doy Saber > yo sé Ir > yo voy The yo form does not end in an –o, so there is no –o to drop when forming the command form.

19 ¡Terminemos por ahora! Thats all for now, but learn this concept well – the command form will be very important when we learn about our last verb form this semester – the subjunctive.


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