3In English, it’s easy to give a command to someone. Stand up!Sit down!Do your homework!Clean your room!
4We simply use the base verb form without the subject. (With commands, the subject is always an understood “you.”)Be careful.Drive slowly.Don’t touch that!Hurry up.
5In Spanish, commands are slightly more challenging because there are so many ways to say “You” Tú – you familiar, singularUsted – you formal, singularVosotros – you familiar, pluralUstedes – you formal, plural
6Tú: “you”, familiar, singular We will look at all four versions of Spanish Commands. First, we’ll begin withTú: “you”, familiar, singularMore specifically, we will look at positive tú commands telling someone what to do (as opposed to negative, what not to do.)
7Positive Tú Commands:Positive tú commands are the easiest of all the commands to learn. You’ve actually already learned them!Positive tú commands are formed by saying the 3rd person singular of the verb to the person of whom you are giving the command.
8¿? Positive Tú Commands: Let’s try it with Comer That’s right. Even though our subject is “tú” when giving a command, we use the 3rd person singular of the verb to address our peers or subordinates.¿?Let’s try it with Comer
9Comer - to eat Positive Tú Commands: como comemos comes coméis come comen
10Positive Tú Commands: is the 3rd person singular of the verb. comocomemoscomescoméiscomecomencomeis the 3rd person singular of the verb.We will now use come as a command in our sentence.
11Positive Tú Commands: Come tu cena. Eat your dinner. ¡Come más rápida! Eat faster!
12Positive Tú Commands: [Tú] Come las verduras. It is understood that the person to whom you are speaking is the subject of the sentence.Therefore, it is not necessary to begin the sentence with “Tú.”[Tú] Come las verduras.
13El Vocabulario: Barrer el piso - To sweep the floor Cortar el césped To cut the grassHacer la limpieza To do the cleaningLavar los platos To wash the dishes
14El Vocabulario: Limpiar el cuarto - To clean the room Pasar la aspiradora To vacuumPlanchar To ironQuitar el polvo To dustSacar la basura To take out the trash
15“Pasa la aspiradora, por favor.” What is the command for“Vacuum the floor, please.”“Pasa la aspiradora, por favor.”
16“Corta el césped, por favor.” What is the command for“Cut the grass, please.”“Corta el césped, por favor.”
17“Plancha la ropa, por favor.” What is the command for“Iron the clothes, please.”“Plancha la ropa, por favor.”
18“Saca la basura, por favor.” What is the command for“Take out the trash, please.”“Saca la basura, por favor.”
19“Lava los platos, por favor.” What is the command for“Wash the dishes, please.”“Lava los platos, por favor.”
20Some irregulars: Decir - Di Ser - Sé Poner - Pon Ir - Ve Salir - Sal There are few irregular verbs that do not take on the 3rd person singular of the verb. They are:Decir - DiPoner - PonSalir - SalTener - TenVenir - VenSer SéIr VeHacer - Haz
21Decir – To tell(+) Tú Command: DiDi la verdad.-Tell the truth.
22Salir – To leave(+) Tú Command: SalSal a las diez.-Leave at 10:00.
23Poner – To put/place(+) Tú Command: PonPon la mesa.-Set the table.
25Pronoun Placement Rules For Commands: Pronouns: me, te, nos, os, lo/la, los/las, le, les, se#1 – Affirmative Commands – After & Attached to the verb#2 – Negative Commands – Before the verb
26Now conjugate the Positive Tú Command Levantar: Let’s try LEVANTARSESince our subject is understood to be “tú” our Reflexive Pronoun will be:teNow conjugate the Positive Tú Command Levantar:levanta
27te levanta Let’s try LEVANTARSE / Since our command is affirmative, attached the pronoun to the end of the verb.teFinally, since you added a syllable, add an accent to preserve the pronunciation./levanta