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Spanish Commands How do I tell someone what to do in Spanish? ¿?

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Presentation on theme: "Spanish Commands How do I tell someone what to do in Spanish? ¿?"— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Spanish Commands

3 How do I tell someone what to do in Spanish? ¿?

4 In English, its easy to give a command to someone. Stand up! Sit down! Do your homework! Clean your room!

5 We simply use the base verb form without the subject. (With commands, the subject is always an understood you.) Be careful. Drive slowly. Dont touch that! Hurry up.

6 In Spanish, commands are slightly more challenging because there are so many ways to say You Tú – you familiar, singular Usted – you formal, singular Vosotros – you familiar, plural Ustedes – you formal, plural

7 We will look at all four versions of Spanish Commands. First, well begin with Tú: you, familiar, singular More specifically, we will look at positive tú commands telling someone what to do (as opposed to negative, what not to do.)

8 Positive Tú Commands: Positive tú commands are the easiest of all the commands to learn. Youve actually already learned them! Positive tú commands are formed by saying the 3 rd person singular of the verb to the person of whom you are giving the command.

9 Positive Tú Commands: ¿? Thats right. Even though our subject istú when giving a command, we use the 3 rd person singular of the verb to address our peers or subordinates. Lets try it with Comer

10 Positive Tú Commands: Comer - to eat como comes come comemos coméis comen

11 Positive Tú Commands: comocomemos comescoméis comecomen come is the 3 rd person singular of the verb. We will now use come as a command in our sentence.

12 Positive Tú Commands: Come tu cena. Eat your dinner. ¡Come más rápida! Eat faster!

13 It is understood that the person to whom you are speaking is the subject of the sentence. Therefore, it is not necessary to begin the sentence with Tú. [Tú] Come las verduras. Positive Tú Commands:

14 El Vocabulario: Barrer el piso - To sweep the floor Cortar el césped - To cut the grass Hacer la limpieza - To do the cleaning Lavar los platos - To wash the dishes

15 El Vocabulario: Limpiar el cuarto - To clean the room Pasar la aspiradora - To vacuum Planchar - To iron Quitar el polvo - To dust Sacar la basura - To take out the trash

16 What is the command for Vacuum the floor, please. Pasa la aspiradora, por favor.

17 What is the command for Cut the grass, please. Corta el césped, por favor.

18 What is the command for Iron the clothes, please. Plancha la ropa, por favor.

19 What is the command for Take out the trash, please. Saca la basura, por favor.

20 What is the command for Wash the dishes, please. Lava los platos, por favor.

21 Some irregulars: There are few irregular verbs that do not take on the 3 rd person singular of the verb. They are: Ser - Sé Ir - Ve Hacer - Haz Decir- Di Poner- Pon Salir- Sal Tener- Ten Venir- Ven

22 Decir – To tell (+) Tú Command: Di Di la verdad. -Tell the truth.

23 Salir – To leave (+) Tú Command: Sal Sal a las diez. -Leave at 10:00.

24 Poner – To put/place (+) Tú Command: Pon Pon la mesa. -Set the table.

25 Pronoun Placement Rules Pronoun Placement Rules

26 Pronoun Placement Rules For Commands: Pronouns: me, te, nos, os, lo/la, los/las, le, les, se #1 – Affirmative Commands – After & Attached to the verb #2 – Negative Commands – Before the verb

27 Lets try LEVANTARSE Since our subject is understood to be tú our Reflexive Pronoun will be: te Now conjugate the Positive Tú Command Levantar: levanta

28 Lets try LEVANTARSE Since our command is affirmative, attached the pronoun to the end of the verb. te levanta Finally, since you added a syllable, add an accent to preserve the pronunciation. /


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