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Mandatos informales. Informal Commands To give a command in Spanish, you must first decide whether you wish to use an informal (tú) or formal (usted)

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Presentation on theme: "Mandatos informales. Informal Commands To give a command in Spanish, you must first decide whether you wish to use an informal (tú) or formal (usted)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mandatos informales

2 Informal Commands To give a command in Spanish, you must first decide whether you wish to use an informal (tú) or formal (usted) command. In this lesson we will focus on informal commands since they are considered to be friendlier. Secondly, you must be aware of whether you are giving a positive or negative command since each has a different conjugation. For example; Catch (positive) = ¡Agarra! Dont Catch (negative) = ¡No agarres!

3 Conjugating a positive informal command is very easy. The conjugation is the same as the present tense usted form of the verb. (Yes, the tú command uses an usted conjugation!) Here are some examples > VerbPositive Informal Command Tomar¡Toma! Traer¡Trae! Hablar¡Habla! Tirar¡Tira! Beber¡Bebe! Vivir¡Vive! Positive Informal Commands

4 Irregulars The following verbs have irregular command forms: VerbPositive Form To putPon To comeVen To goVe To beSé To haveTen To do, to makeHaz To leaveSal To say, to tellDi

5 1.Conjugate the verb in the present tense yo form. 2.Remove the o. 3.Add es to –AR verbs or as to –ER & -IR verbs. Conjugating a negative informal command is a little more complicated. Here are the steps; Negative Informal Commands

6 Here are some examples; VerbYo form minus the O Negative Informal Command TomarTom-¡No tomes! TraerTraig-¡No traigas! HablarHabl-¡No hables! ContarCuent-¡No cuentes! BeberBeb-¡No bebas! ConocerConozc-¡No conozcas! Notice that any stem changes or spelling changes in the yo form remain in the command form.

7 Irregulars The following verbs have irregular command forms: VerbPositive FormNegative Form To putPonNo pongas (regular) To comeVenNo vengas (regular) To goVeNo vayas To beSéNo seas To haveTenNo tengas (regular) To do, to makeHazNo hagas (regular) To leaveSalNo salgas (regular) To say, to tellDiNo digas (regular)

8 Now you try it! On a piece of paper, or in your head, conjugate the following and then click for the correct answer. Note: do not use tú when giving a command. Ask! (Preguntar) Study! (Estudiar) Run! (Correr) Write! (Escribir) ¡Pregunta! ¡Estudia! ¡Corre! ¡Escribe!

9 Good, now try some negatives! Dont ask! (Preguntar) Dont run! (Correr) Dont return! (Volver o>ue) Dont come! (Venir) ¡No preguntes! ¡No corras! ¡No vuelvas! ¡No vengas!

10 Fin


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