2Informal CommandsTo give a command in Spanish, you must first decide whether you wish to use an informal (tú) or formal (usted) command. In this lesson we will focus on informal commands since they are considered to be friendlier.Secondly, you must be aware of whether you are giving a positive or negative command since each has a different conjugation.For example;Catch (positive) = ¡Agarra!Don’t Catch (negative) = ¡No agarres!
3Positive Informal Command Positive Informal CommandsConjugating a positive informal command is very easy. The conjugation is the same as the present tense usted form of the verb. (Yes, the tú command uses an usted conjugation!) Here are some examples >VerbPositive Informal CommandTomar¡Toma!Traer¡Trae!Hablar¡Habla!Tirar¡Tira!Beber¡Bebe!Vivir¡Vive!
4Negative Informal Commands Conjugating a negative informal command is a little more complicated. Here are the steps;Conjugate the verb in the present tense yo form.Remove the “o”.Add “es” to –AR verbs or “as” to –ER & -IR verbs.
5Negative Informal Command Here are some examples;VerbYo form minus the “O”Negative Informal CommandTomarTom-¡No tomes!TraerTraig-¡No traigas!HablarHabl-¡No hables!ContarCuent-¡No cuentes!BeberBeb-¡No bebas!ConocerConozc-¡No conozcas!Notice that any stem changes or spelling changes in the yo form remain in the command form.
6Using Commands With Pronouns Command forms are often used with object pronouns like “it”, or “her”. How you deal with these pronouns depends on whether you are giving a positive or negative command. To give a negative command, simply use the pronoun as you always would*.For example;Don’t do it = No lo hagas.Don’t throw it to her = No se lo tires.* If you need a review of how object pronouns work, click here!
7Using Commands With Pronouns cont… Unfortunately, even though positive commands are easier to conjugate than negative commands, they are more complicated when dealing with pronouns. Follow these rules to use them properly;Pronouns are attached to the end of positive commands.For example; Eat it = Cómelo. Throw it to her = Tíraselo.As you can see in the examples above, attaching a pronoun often requires adding an accent also. This allows the stress pattern of the original verb to remain the same. You will need to place an accent on the original stress point if you:Attach one pronoun to a verb with two or more syllablesAttach two pronouns to any verbAs always, if you use both a direct and an indirect object pronoun, the indirect comes first. Likewise, if you use le, or les before lo, la, los, or las it will change to se.
8Irregulars The following verbs have irregular command forms: Verb Positive FormNegative FormTo putPonNo pongas (regular)To comeVenNo vengas (regular)To goVeNo vayasTo beSéNo seasTo haveTenNo tengas (regular)To do, to makeHazNo hagas (regular)To leaveSalNo salgas (regular)To say, to tellDiNo digas (regular)
9Now you try it! On a piece of paper, or in your head, conjugate the following and then click for the correct answer. Note: do not use tú when giving a command.Ask! (Preguntar)Study! (Estudiar)Run! (Correr)Write! (Escribir)¡Pregunta!¡Estudia!¡Corre!¡Escribe!
10Good, now try some negatives! Don’t ask! (Preguntar)Don’t run! (Correr)Don’t return! (Volver o>ue)Don’t come! (Venir)¡No preguntes!¡No corras!¡No vuelvas!¡No vengas!
11Finally, try some with pronouns. Buy it (f) for me! (Comprar)Study them (m)! (Estudiar)Don’t eat it (f)! (Comer)Don’t throw it (m) to us! (Tirar)¡Cómpramela!¡Estudíalos!¡No la comas!¡No nos lo tires!