Presentation on theme: "PowerPoint Presentation Henry Phinazee Averett University Instruction via Media (ED 509) Instructor: Dr. Jane Quenneville February 15, 2008."— Presentation transcript:
PowerPoint Presentation Henry Phinazee Averett University Instruction via Media (ED 509) Instructor: Dr. Jane Quenneville February 15, 2008
Second Semester Imperialism to WWI Unit 7 VUS.9a-b US History 06-07
Imperialism The policy and practice of forming and maintaining an empire in seeking to control raw materials and world markets by conquest of other countries and/or establishing colonies.
American Imperialism Many 20 th century American foreign policy issues have their origins in Americas emergence as a world power at the end of the 19 th century. Americas intervention in WW I ensured her role as a world power for the rest of the century.
American Imperialism The growing role of the US in international trade displayed the American urge to build, innovate, and explore new markets. Growth of international trade occurred from the late 1800s until WW I. The first era of a true GLOBAL ECONOMY Expansionism.asx
Creation of International Markets Open Door Policy Secretary of State John Hay proposed a policy that would give all nations equal access and trading rights with China He did not want any one country to take over China
John Hay Secretary Of State
Gunboat Diplomacy (Big Stick Theory) Teddy Roosevelts philosophy of dealing with the world. Speak softly, but carry a big stick. Used the Navy to show our strength.
Dollar Diplomacy President Taft urged American banks and businesses to invest in Latin America He promised the US government would step in if unrest threatened the investment
Moral Diplomacy Woodrow Wilsons view. The US would look at the morality of every situation and decide on our actions accordingly.
Dealings with Latin America Spanish American War Puerto Rico was annexed by the US The US asserted the right to intervene in Cuban affairs We acquired the Philippines and Guam
Panama Canal US encouraged Panamas independence from Colombia We negotiated a treaty with France, Colombia, and Panama to build the canal
Panama Canal during construction
Asia and the Pacific Hawaii US businessmen will overthrow the Queen Political leaders asked to be annexed by the US
Philippines annexed after the Spanish-American War Open Door Policy Urged all foreigners to obey Chinese law Observe fair trade competition
World War I / The Great War Causes of the Great War 1. Nationalism 2. Arms race (militarism) 3. Imperialism 4. Entangling Alliances 5. causes of WWI Slide 19.asx causes of WWI Slide 19.asx
Events in Europe War in Europe begins in 1914 A Serbian nationalist will assassinate the Archduke of Austria-Hungary. Serbia has a treaty with Russia, Austria- Hungary has a treaty with Germany, Russia has a treaty with France etc. etc. etc
The Domino Effect A little regional problem becomes a big mess The US will remain neutral and most Americans wanted to stay out of European affairs
From Isolationism to Belligerency Wilson will keep the US out of WWI for three years The US will declare war in 1917 because of German submarine strategy and our long standing ties to Great Britain
Woodrow Wilsons Policy/Stance Wilson said we were going to war to make the world safe for democracy and to protect the principle of freedom of the seas. Why We Entered WWI Lusitania and Zimmermann Slide 28.asx Why We Entered WWI Lusitania and Zimmermann Slide 28.asx
Allied Powers Great Britain France Russia Serbia Italy Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire (Turkey) Bulgaria The Players The US will join the Allies
WWI the Early Years The war has become a stalemate. Russia will drop out and America will enter just as Germany is making one last attempt to break through. Americas military resources of men and materials will tip the balance in favor of the Allies.
World War Technological Advances Causalities of war Trenches/Barbed Wire Machine Guns No Mans Land New Cannons Poison Gas/Chemical Weapons Tanks Fame Throwers Balloons/Airplanes Trench Warfare.asx
World War II Ends Germany will ask for an armistice (cease fire) It will go into effect on November 11 th, 1918 (11-11 at 11:00am) The war is over, now for the peace treaty
Fourteen Points To guarantee no other wars like this one, President Wilson will create a peace plan named the Fourteen Points. He will take his plan to the peace conference in Paris He hoped to eliminate the causes of war
Wilson had several key points 1. Self determination for all groups 2. Freedom of the seas for all nations 3. A Mandate system for all former colonies of Germany 4. A League of Nations
Self-Determination Self determination-the idea that all ethnic groups should decide which country they belonged in Idea accepted at the Peace Conference Leads to new nations being created after World War I (Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia)
The European Mandates Mandate system set up former colonies on a learn to be a nation program with a sponsor nation showing them how (Palestine, India and several others)
League of Nations The League of Nations was an international forum or peacekeeping organization set up to settle disputes before they caused a war
Treaty of Versailles (ver sigh) Wilsons ideas were only partially successful Great Britain and France wanted to punish Germany National Boundaries across Europe will be redrawn A League of Nations will be created
The Impact of the War on Germany Germany forced to pay huge reparations payments. (Billions of dollars) Germany stripped of its colonies, army and navy, and many of its factories Reparations – payment for damages caused by the war.
Ratification of the Treaty of Versailles in the US Many Americans objected to the Treaty because it contained the League of Nations. We very much wanted to return to isolationism. They did not want to have our foreign policy dependent on an outside international organization.
President Wilsons Legacy After months of debates and a speaking tour of the US by Wilson, the Senate will vote against the treaty three times (this kills it). Wilson has a stroke during the tour and will become ineffective and stubborn The US will sign a separate agreement with Germany declaring the War over in the 1920s