4 What is militarism and what role did it play in World War I?
5 Militarism is the massive build-up of military force Militarism is the massive build-up of military force. As armies grew, so did the feeling that global war was inevitable. Militarism caused World War I to be one of the bloodiest wars in history.
6 What was the alliance system and how did it lead to World War I?
7 The alliances system was groups of alliances designed to keep peace in Europe; however, it turned a conflict between two nations into a world war.
8 Which countries were members of the Triple Alliance.
9 Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy were members of the Triple Alliance.
10 Which countries were members of the Triple Entente?
11 France, Britain, and Russia were members of the Triple Entente.
12 Why was Germany fearful of an alliance between Russia and France?
13 Germany was fearful of an alliance between Russia and France, because a war with either country could force Germany to fight a two-front war.
14 What is imperialism and how did it lead to World War I?
15 Imperialism is when one country controls another Imperialism is when one country controls another. Imperialism led to increased rivalry and competition between European nations. Conflict over colonies brought European countries to the brink of war.
16 What is nationalism and how did it lead to World War I?
17 Nationalism is devotion to one’s country which led to intense competition between nations.
18 What event set off a series of events that eventually led to World War I? (What was the spark that started World War I?)
19 The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serbian nationalist was the spark that began World War I?
20 Why did Austria make unreasonable demands of Serbia?
21 Austria felt free to make demands on Serbia that would lead to war, because Germany gave Austria a “blank check.” (Germany pledged unlimited support to Austria.)
22 List the order in which countries declared war on one another.
23 Austria declares war on Serbia. Germany declares war on Russia. Archduke assassinatedGermany gives Austria a “blank check”Austria makes demands on SerbiaSerbia does not meet all demandsAustria declares war on Serbia.Russia mobilizes its army.Germany declares war on Russia.Germany declares war on France.Germany marches through neutral BelgiumBritain declares war on Germany.Germany practices unrestricted submarine warfare and US intercepts the Zimmerman TelegramUS declares war on Germany.
24 What types of new technology was used during World War I?
25 Airplanes, submarines, poison gas, machine gun, and tanks were some new types of technology used during World War I.
26 What two alliances formed which fought in World War I and which countries belonged to each?
27 Allied Powers: Great Britain, France, Russia, Japan, Italy, United States Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
34 Russia was not industrialized and their main military asset was the number of soldiers they had. As a result Russia suffered the most casualties and eventually the country experienced a revolution during the war.
39 Who were the “big 4” leaders at the Versailles Conference?
40 Woodrow Wilson (US), Georges Clemenceau (France), David Lloyd George (Britain), Vittorio Orlando (Italy) were the “big 4” leaders at the Versailles Peace Talks.
41 How did Woodrow Wilson’s ideas for peace differ from Britain and France?
42 Wilson wanted to create a lasting peace, while Britain and France (who suffered more during the war) wanted to punish Germany.
43 What were some important goals in Wilson’s 14 points?
44 Self-determination and a League of Nations were two of Wilson’s goals in his plan for peace.
45 What caused the League of Nations to be ineffective?
46 The US Congress rejected Wilson’s desire to join the League The US Congress rejected Wilson’s desire to join the League. The US did not want to be drawn into another conflict with Europe. This policy was known as isolationism.
47 What were the main terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
48 Germany was blamed for the entire war. The League of Nations was formed, but the US never joined.Germany’s military was limited.Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Russia all lost territory.
49 What were some new independent nations created after World War I?
50 Austria-Hungary was broken up into Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. The Ottoman Empire was reduced to present-day Turkey.Russia lost Poland, Romania, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
51 Which countries were unhappy with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and why?
52 Germany resented being blamed for the entire war and having to pay reparations. Japan and Italy was upset with the small amount of land they gained.Russia resented not being a part of the peace talks and losing Poland, Romania, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.The Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary resented their loss of land.Middle Eastern Mandates were upset that they were not granted independents while many Eastern European countries were.
53 What were the human and economic costs of World War I?
54 World War I left 8.5 million dead, 21 million wounded, many civilians dead, $338 billion dollars, it drained European treasuries, destroyed farmland, homes, villages, cities, and towns.