Presentation on theme: "World War I. The Beginnings of World War I in Europe."— Presentation transcript:
World War I
The Beginnings of World War I in Europe
Neutrality The US didn’t want to get entangled in European affairs that would lead to World War I The war began in 1914 when Germany and Austria-Hungary went to war with Britain, France, and Russia.
At the outbreak, President Woodrow Wilson immediately declared the United States neutral.
Roots of War
Problems staying neutral It was difficult because of the close relations with Britain, the leader of the Allied powers The war was interfering with American commerce.
The Lusitania Germany continued using U-boats (submarines) to attack ships
In 1915, a U-boat sank the Lusitania, killing 1,200 civilian passengers. The press publicized the event, greatly influencing public opinion against Germany.
Wilson’s Reelection In 1916, Wilson ran for reelection. His slogan was “He kept us out of war.” He asked Congress to keep the military in a state of preparation – just in case…”Make the world safe for democracy.”
Zimmerman Telegram In early 1917 the British intercepted the Zimmerman telegram from the German government to their Mexican ambassador. A German plan to keep the US out of the war by urging Mexico and Japan to declare war against America. The press printed the telegram and public opinion changed to war.
America enters the war Less than a month after the Zimmerman telegram incident, the US entered the war.
America’s military resources of soldiers and war materials tipped the scales in favor on the Allied nations. This led to the German defeat.
Wilson’s Fourteen Points This was President Wilson’s plan to eliminate the causes of war
Key Ideas of the Fourteen Points Self-determination Freedom of the seas League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles Ended World War I The French and English insisted on harsh punishment of Germany Created the League of Nations National boundaries were redrawn, creating many new nations
League of Nations Debate The US Senate refused to approve the Treaty of Versailles. Therefore, did not join the League of Nations US foreign policy decisions would have been made by an international organization.