4Expanded Suffrage Suffrage- the right to vote In the early 1800’s, more people gained the right to voteStates reduced voting restrictionsNo more poll taxes or property requirementsHelped Jackson win in 1828
7New Political Parties Emerge No one got the majority of electoral votesElection thrown into the HouseAdams won“Corrupt Bargain” split the Demo-Rep party between Jackson and Adams supportersDemocratsJackson supportersNational RepublicansAdams supporters
8Election of 1828 Jackson vs. Adams…AGAIN! Both sides made vicious, personal attacksJackson aimed his campaign against the wealthy elite (Adams)He promised to look out for the “common man”Jacksonian Democracy: idea of spreading political power to all people and ensuring majority rule
10Wrap UpWhat type of person do candidates portray themselves as today? Why?
11Jump Start Define Jacksonian Democracy in your own words. Use the term in a sentence that summarizes what we learned yesterday.
12Jackson’s Presidency Jackson supporters Issues during his presidency Planter elite of the SouthPeople on the FrontierImmigrants in the citiesState Politiciansspoils system: winning candidates give government jobs to their supportersIssues during his presidencyRights of the statesRole of the Bank of the United StatesStatus of Native Americans
14Economies of the North and South REVIEW! REVIEW! REVIEW!Economy of the NorthFishing, shipbuilding industry and naval supplies, trade and port citiesSkilled craftsmen, shopkeepers, manufacturing (textiles, tools, metals, building materials, etc.)Economy of the SouthLarge farms/plantations, cash crops(tobacco, indigo, rice, cotton), woodproducts, small farmsSlavery
15REVIEW! REVIEW! REVIEW! What is a TARIFF? TAX the government puts on imported goods (from other countries)If you were a FACTORY OWNER or in MANUFACTURING , would you like tariffs?Yes! Your products would not have an additional tax, so what you make would be cheaper than foreign goods.If you were a FARMER, would you like tariffs?No! You depend on foreign nations to buy your crops and in return, you buy their manufactured goods. You are afraid that tariffs will make foreign goods more expensive. If you don’t buy their goods, then they might not buy your crops.
16Increasing Sectionalism 1820’s and 30’s- nation was divided into 3 main sectionsNortheast, South, WestDuring the same time Congress was arguing over 3 main issuesOne of which was tariffsTariffs- government’s main source of incomeNorth liked it b/c it made their goods cheaperSouth didn’t b/c they depended on foreign tradeCongress passed a tariff in 1828 to help the growth of manufacturing
17NullificationTariff of Abominations (1828)- tariff that raised the price of imported factory goods by a large amountNorthern factory owners favored the new lawSoutherners opposed it for several reasons:Tariffs raised the price they paid for factory goodsHigh tariffs kept foreign countries from trading with the U.S. because it was more expensiveHurt cotton sales for the SouthBelieved the a law that favored one section was unconstitutionalCalhoun, Vice President at the time, brought up idea of nullification- states can nullify a law if they see it as unconstitutionalCalhoun was an extreme form of states’ rights
18South Carolina Threatens to Secede Jackson understood SouthernersSigned a law that lowered the tariff in 1832 but it wasn’t enough to make them happySouth Carolina threatened to secede from the government enforced the lawHenry Clay created a compromise bill that gradually lowered the tariff until 1842Both sides called a truce for the time
19Jump Start Ignite Learning Write the following questions on your paper before watching the video:What issue from Jackson’s presidency is shown in the video?How does this issue relate to the Kentucky and Virginia Resolution?In your opinion, which side (states or federal government) is correct? Why?
20Jump Start How do banks MAKE money? If you know, please explain. If you do NOT know, make an inference using what you know about banks.
22Issues over the Bank Jackson was against the bank for many reasons: Thought the bank favored wealthy NortheasternersIt did not help capitalists in the Westcapitalists- someone investing in a business to make profitHe distrusted the bank president, Nicholas BiddleJackson vetoed the bill to re-charter the bank (keep it going)Voters agreedHe was elected for a second term in 1832He considered this economic democracy
24Jump Start Speaker Occasion Audience Purpose Subject Tone Complete a basic SOAPStone on the following document:SpeakerOccasionAudiencePurposeSubjectTone
25Indian Removal Jackson had little sympathy for Native Americans Raised on the frontierBy the time he took office, only 125,000 Natives remained east of the MississippiMost had fallen prey to war and diseaseMajority lived in the southeastKnown as the Five Civilized TribesCreek, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, SeminoleHoping to keep their lands, they adopted many European characteristics and ways of lifei.e. European clothing, owned farms, slaves, had own alphabet and newspaperDespite the Native’s efforts to assimilate (integrate into English culture), whites decided they had to go as cotton spread west
26Indian RemovalIndian Removal Act of allowed the government to make treaties in which Natives in the East traded their land for new territory in the Great PlainsSome tribes saw no other way out and gave up landGeorgia later passed a law saying that the authority of their state law also now extended over the CherokeeCherokee appealed to Supreme CourtWorcester vs. Georgia- Chief Justice Marshall ruled that the Cherokee were a “distinct political community”Georgia could not pass laws governing the Cherokee
27Indian Removal Jackson did nothing to enforce the Court’s ruling Cherokee were forced to give in and sell their land16,000 were gathered into camps and forced into the Indian Territory during the fall and winter fromPresent day OklahomaMore than ¼ died from exposure and starvationBecame known as the Trail of Tears (Part 2)