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Chapter 7, Section 2 Pages 245-250.  How and why should a country seek to expand its territory?  How should a nation treat regional differences?  Are.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7, Section 2 Pages 245-250.  How and why should a country seek to expand its territory?  How should a nation treat regional differences?  Are."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7, Section 2 Pages

2  How and why should a country seek to expand its territory?  How should a nation treat regional differences?  Are all people equal?

3  Election of 1824: Andrew Jackson v. John Q. Adams  Jackson wins popular vote, but loses electoral  House of Representatives has to vote  Henry Clay gives his support to Adams and when Adams wins, he names Clay his Secretary of State  Jackson believes the two made a secret deal

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5  Jackson starts new political party called the Democratic Party  Adams party becomes known as the National Republicans

6  Popular war hero  “Man of the People”  1820s voting restrictions were being lifted, more poor voters, became strong Jackson supporters

7  Jackson beats Adams easily  “Age of Jackson” began  Jacksonian Democracy – political power exercised by ordinary Americans  Spoils system – rewarding political support with government jobs

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9  Southeast was still controlled by Native American tribes  White settlers wanted these lands  Jackson wanted to relocate the tribes in the Southeast so Americans could settle there  Indian Removal Act – relocation of five nations to an area west of the Mississippi River called the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma)

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11  Choctaw, Creek, and Chickasaw forced to march west hundreds of miles  Exposure, malnutrition, and disease  About ¼ died on the trek  Seminoles fought back  3,000 were forced to move, but they were never officially defeated by the US

12  Cherokee fought in the courts  Worcester v. Georgia – denied Georgia the right to take Cherokee lands  Government tricked the Cherokee leaders into signing a treaty and then making them leave Georgia  Their journey to Indian Territory was called the Trail of Tears used to describe Indian suffering

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14  Tariff increased price of British goods (encouraged buying of American goods)  North favored it because they were making the goods  South hated it because it forced southerners to buy northern goods instead of less expensive British goods

15  Drove wedge between Jackson and VP Calhoun (Southerner)  Called “Tariff of Abominations”  Calhoun encouraged nullification, or rejection, of the tariff

16  1832 Congress passed another tariff  South Carolina declared tariff “null and void” and threatened to secede if the federal government tried to enforce the tariff  Issue was resolved by Henry Clay, compromise where tariffs would be reduced by 10% every year  Issue of nullification and states rights would constantly be raised


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