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Chapter 12 Group Projects

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1 Chapter 12 Group Projects
The Age of Jackson Chapter 12 Group Projects

2 Presidential Candidate
Election of 1824 Presidential Candidate Party Home State Popular Vote Electoral Vote # % Andrew Jackson Dem-Rep Tennessee 151,271 41.3% 99 John Quincy Adams Massachusetts 113,122 30.9% 84 William Crawford Georgia 40,856 11.2% 41 Henry Clay Kentucky 47,531 13.0% 37 Total 365,833 95.5% 261 Needed to win 131 The Vote

3 Majority Rules Majority Rules is simply the person or side with the most votes wins. Had the idea of majority rules been in place for presidential elections, Jackson would have won the election of 1824.

4 Jacksonian Democracy The idea of spreading political power to all the people and ensuring majority rule became known as Jacksonian Democracy.

5 Jackson Splits the Party
No Parties Just George Federalists DemocraticRepublicans The Way it Was

6 Jackson Splits the Party
Era of Good Feelings Federalists Just 1 Big, Happy Party DemocraticRepublicans The Way it Was

7 Jackson Splits the Party
While Adams is President, Jackson: Re-Organizes the Democratic Republicans into the Democratic Party Gets his supporters elected to Congress, where they oppose Adams’s policies Prepares for the next Presidential Election National Republicans Whigs Election of 1824 Democrats Democratic Republicans

8 Common Man Philosophy Jackson’s humble background, and his reputation as a war hero, helped make him president. Many saw his rise above hardship as a real American success story. He was the first president not from an aristocratic Massachusetts or Virginia family and the first from the West.

9 Common Man Philosophy During the campaign, Jackson crusaded against control of the government by the wealthy. He promised to look out for the interests of common people.

10 INDIAN REMOVAL POLICY By 1820’s, about 100,000 Native Americans remained East of the Mississippi River. Major tribes were Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole Cherokee had adopted white customs more than any other tribe

11 INDIAN REMOVAL POLICY Jackson had long supported a policy of moving Natives west of the Mississippi Jackson believed the government had the right to regulate where Indians could live He viewed them as conquered subjects

12 INDIAN REMOVAL POLICY Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830
Called for government to negotiate treaties that would require Natives to relocate west

13 Trail of Tears Under the treaty, Natives would be moved to an area which is now Oklahoma and part of Kansas, Nebraska Jackson ignored a ruling by the Supreme Court calling the treaties invalid Over the fall and winter of ,000 Cherokees were forced to relocate They were forced to march in the rain, sleet, and snow with minimal shelter, food, or clothing Approx. ¼ (4,000)of all the Cherokee on the journey died.



16 Arguments Over Tariffs
How Tariffs Work

17 Arguments Over Tariffs
Northerners supported high tariffs because they made imported goods more expensive than American-made goods. The Northeast had most of the nation’s manufacturing. Tariffs helped American manufactures sell their products at a lower price than imported goods.

18 Arguments Over Tariffs
The South opposed rising tariffs because its economy depended on foreign trade. Southern planters’ sold most of their cotton to foreign buyers. They were not paid in money but were given credit. They then used the credit to buy foreign manufactured goods. Because of higher tariffs, these foreign goods cost more.

19 Tariff of Abominations
In 1828, in the last months of John Quincy Adams’s presidency, Congress passed a bill that significantly raised the tariffs on raw materials and manufactured goods. They had to sell their cotton at low prices to be competitive. Yet tariffs forced them to pay high prices for manufactured goods. Southerners felt that the economic interests of the Northeast were determining national policy. They hated the tariff and called it the Tariff of Abominations.

20 Crisis Over Nullification
The Tariff of Abominations hit South Carolinians especially hard because their economy was in a slump. Some leaders in the state even spoke of leaving the Union (Secession) over the issue of tariffs. John C. Calhoun, Jackson’s VP, wanted to find a way to keep S. Carolina from leaving the Union

21 Crisis Over Nullification
The answer he arrived at was the doctrine of nullification. A state, Calhoun said, had the right to nullify, or reject, a federal law that it considers unconstitutional. He said that any state could nullify, or make void, a federal law within its borders. He believed that Congress had no right to impose a tariff that favored one section of the country.

22 State’s Rights Debate Do the states have the right to nullify federal law if they feel the law is unconstitutional or should be a state matter??? Examples: Tariff of Abominations Abolishment of Slavery Healthcare Bill

23 Mr. Biddle’s Bank At the time of Jackson, the Second Bank of the United States was the most powerful bank in the country. As its president, Nicholas Biddle set policies that controlled the nation’s money supply.

24 Mr. Biddle’s Bank Jackson had many reasons to dislike it.
he had come to distrust banks after losing money in financial deals early in his career. He also thought the bank had too much power. The bank made loans to members of Congress, and Biddle openly boasted that he could influence Congress. Jackson felt the bank’s lending policies favored wealthy clients and hurt the average person.

25 Jackson’s War on the Bank
When congress voted to renew the bank’s charter, Jackson vetoed the renewal. Jackson claimed the bank was unconstitutional. He said the bank was a monopoly that favored a few at the expense of the many.

26 Jackson’s War on the Bank
“It is to be regretted that the rich and powerful too often bend the acts of government to their selfish purposes… Distinctions in society will always exist under every just government…. But when the laws undertake to make the rich richer and the potent more powerful, the humble members of society… have a right to complain of the injustice of their Government.” -Andrew Jackson, veto message, July 10th, 1832

27 Jackson’s War on the Bank
In his second term, Jackson set out to destroy the bank before its charter ended in 1836. Jackson had government funds deposited in state banks, which opponents called Jackson’s “pet banks.” Eventually, the Second Bank of the United States went out of business. Jackson had won the war, but the economy would be a victim.

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