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Functions Based Behavior Intervention Planning From FBA to BIP Day Two Vermont PBiS Team Tiffany Cassano, Ken Kramberg, Richard Boltax.

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Presentation on theme: "Functions Based Behavior Intervention Planning From FBA to BIP Day Two Vermont PBiS Team Tiffany Cassano, Ken Kramberg, Richard Boltax."— Presentation transcript:

1 Functions Based Behavior Intervention Planning From FBA to BIP Day Two Vermont PBiS Team Tiffany Cassano, Ken Kramberg, Richard Boltax

2 Welcome Back!!

3 Adapted from Sugai, Lewis-Palmer, & Hagan, 1999

4 Review of Functions Based Assessment D.A.S.H Use team process Use Competing Behavior Pathway to build behavior intervention plan

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7 What do we do with This Information? Simple FBA If the team has confidence in the hypothesis Develop/I mplement a Behavior Support Plan If the team does not have confidence in the hypothesis Gather More Informatio n: Do at Full FBA

8 Competing Behavior Pathways 3 Literacy Class 1 Makes noises, taps pencil 2 Independent Work 4Teacher assists student Attention 5 Remains on Task, complete work tasks independently Receives positive reinforcement for staying on task and completing work. Desired Behavior

9 Fundamental Rule! You should not propose to reduce a problem behavior without also identifying alternative, desired behaviors person should perform instead of problem behavior (ONeill et al., 1997, p. 71).

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11 Competing Behavior Pathways 3 Literacy Class 1 Makes noises, taps pencil 2 Independent Work 4Teacher assists student 6 Raises hand when he needs assistance Attention 5 Remains on Task, complete work tasks independently Receives positive reinforcement for staying on task and completing work.

12 Activity 1 Using the post its on your table, write the setting event, antecedent, behavior, maintaining consequence, replacement behavior, desired behavior and new maintaining consequence for your teams student in one of the blank Competing Behavior Pathways.

13 Group Share Tell us about your student. What is the… Observable behavior you chose? Antecedent? Setting Event? Consequences? Hypothesis of Function of Behavior Selected Desire Behavior Replacement Behavior

14 Activity 2 With your team, discuss and modify the Competing Behavior Pathway for your student. (Upper Portion Only)

15 Group Share Which Strategy did you choose to try? How did it go? Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies Eliminate/ neutralize setting events Modify or remove triggers to prevent problem behavior Prompt alternative and/or desired behavior Teach alternative that is more efficient Teach desired skills Add effective reinforcers for alternative and desired behavior Minimize reinforcement (pay- off) for problem behavior

16 Behavior Intervention Program ( BIP ) Two Goals: Reduce problem behaviors Increase appropriate behaviors Make behaviors: Irrelevant Inefficient ineffective

17 Function Based Strategies The team will consider the FUNCTION of the problem behavior when identifying: Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies Eliminate/ neutralize setting events Modify or remove triggers to prevent problem behavior Prompt alternative and/or desired behavior Teach alternative that is more efficient Teach desired skills Add effective reinforcers for alternative and desired behavior Minimize reinforcement (pay- off) for problem behavior

18 Setting Event Strategies These are structural changes made to the students day or classroom Alternative Schedule Sitting Near the Teacher Lunch in the support room Student Check In Early or late entry to class/activity T Cassano 2011

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20 Antecedent Strategies

21 Setting Event Strategies Manipulate Antecedent Teach BehaviorAlter Consequences Eliminate or Neutralize Setting Events Prevent/ModifyTriggers Prompts for Alt/Des Behavior Teach Alternate Behavior Teach Desired Behavior/ Academic/ Social Skills Reinforce Alt/Des Behavior Response to Problem Behavior/ Corrective Feedback Antecedent strategies are designed to make problem behavior irrelevant by: 1. Eliminating or Modifying antecedents that trigger the behavior AND 2. Prompting alternative/Desired behavior (pre- correction)

22 Identifying Antecedent Strategies When asked to read independently at his seat, Ronnie makes inappropriate noises and makes faces at peers. Based on the FBA data collected, the team agreed that the function of Ronnies behavior is to obtain peer attention. Which is the best antecedent modifying strategy ? Provide student with an easier reading assignment Remind student of expectations related to respectful behavior Allow student to wear headphones during independent reading Ask student to work quietly 1:1 with a reading buddy Have student check in with the teacher at the beginning of class Addresses: 1. Antecedent? Function?

23 Identifying Antecedent Strategies When Pam is asked to work on long-division problems in math class, she argues, refuses to work, and uses profanity to avoid/escape the difficult task. Which is the best antecedent modifying strategy to prevent problem behavior? Why or Why Not? Move students seat closer to the teacher Give student more time to complete the difficult tasks Give student an easier math assignment she can be successful with Warn student she will be sent to office for using profanity Allow student to practice long-division on the computer

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25 Consequence Strategies

26 Setting Event Strategies Manipulate Antecedent Prevent problem & prompt alternate/desired behavior Teach Behavior Explicitly Teach Alternative & Desired Behaviors Alter Consequences Reinforce alternate & desired behavior & extinguish negative behavior Eliminate or Neutralize Setting Events Modify/PreventTriggers Prompt Alt/Desired Behavior Teach Alternate Behavior Teach Desired Behavior/ Academic/ Social Skills Reinforce Alt/Des Behavior Response to Problem Behavior - Redirection -Extinction Consequence strategies help make problem behavior ineffective by: Reinforcing appropriate behaviors AND… Minimizing reinforcement for problem behavior

27 Reinforcing Alternative and Desired Behavior

28 Behavior Intervention Program ( BIP ) Two Goals: Reduce problem behaviors Increase appropriate behaviors Make behaviors: Irrelevant Inefficient ineffective

29 Consequences: Reinforcing the Alternative Behavior It is extremely important that the alternative behavior is reinforced: – Immediately – Consistently and… – Results in the same type of reinforcement as the problem behavior This is necessary for the alternative behavior to successfully compete with the problem behavior. In other words, the problem behavior cannot happen if the student is exhibiting the desired behavior…they cant happen at the same time!

30 Identifying Consequence Strategies: Reinforcing Alternative/Desired Behavior During independent seatwork, Ronnie makes inappropriate noises and makes faces at peers. The function of Ronnies behavior is to obtain peer attention. Which are the best reinforcement strategies? Student is allowed to sit by a preferred peer for 15 minutes, if he is quiet and on task during seatwork every day for a week Student will receive a free homework pass if he has no problem behavior during independent seatwork When student is on task with no problem behavior for 15 minutes, he will be allowed to sit at back table and read with a peer Student receives frequent teacher praise for staying on task Student is allowed to work with a peer when asks appropriately Function? Reasonable expectations?

31 Identifying Consequence Strategies: Reinforcing Alternative/Desired Behavior During independent reading time in language arts, Audrey makes noises, talks out, and walks around the room. The FBA has shown that this behavior is maintained by adult attention. Which are the best reinforcement strategies? Why or Why Not? Student can play a game with the teacher if she works quietly (no more than 2 talk-outs) during independent reading Student is allowed to work with a peer when she has been quiet for 15 minutes Student receives help from teacher if asks appropriately Student can eat lunch with the teacher if no talk-outs for one month Student earns a homework pass for on-task behavior

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33 Consequences: Responding to Problem Behavior Responses to Problem Behavior should focus on two things: #1. Redirecting to the Alternative Behavior #2. Extinction of the Problem Behavior

34 Responding to Problem Behavior: Redirection At the earliest signs of problem behavior, quickly redirect to the alternative behavior Example: During independent work, Annie often talks out to get teacher attention. If ignored, Annie will begin yelling and knocking materials off her desk. – When Annie first starts talking out, her teacher will immediately remind her how to appropriately get adult attention and will praise Annies use of the alternative behavior.

35 Responding to Problem Behavior: Extinction Do NOT allow the problem behavior to work orpay off for the student. Eliminate/minimize the amount of missed instructional time or work provided to a student for engaging in problem behavior But… make sure student is capable of doing work… or provide support/instruction so student can complete the work Eliminate/minimize the amount of attention for engaging in problem behavior Limit verbal interactions/explanations Create a signal to cue the student to use the alternative behavior instead

36 ** Note: extinction should ALWAYS be combined with frequent reinforcers for alternative/desired behavior. Example: Darci engages in problem behavior that results in peer attention. – Darcis peers will receive Panther Paws for ignoring her inappropriate behavior. Darci will also be learning how to interact (and provided frequent opportunities to practice interacting) with peers appropriately and will earn time with peers for alternative/desired behavior. Responding to Problem Behavior: Extinction

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38 Teaching Strategies These are the skills the student will need to be taught to do *How to ask for a break using break card *How to monitor his/her progress with a point sheet *How to engage in appropriate conversations with peers during small group counseling T Cassano 2011

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40 Activity 3 Use the post its on your table to come up with 1 setting strategy, 1 antecedent strategy, 1 behavior teaching strategy and 1 consequence strategy and place them on the appropriate chart paper.

41 ACTIVITY 4 In your packet, complete the lower portion (initial intervention plan) for your student.

42 Leaving Thoughts Keep the Simple FBA Simple Save Full FBA for more complex cases

43 Adapted from Sugai, Lewis-Palmer, & Hagan, 1999

44 Full FBA Required more data collection -Teacher/Parent/Student Interviews -More Behavior Observations -File Review -Office Discipline Referrals -Grades -Test Scores

45 Building Behavior Support Plans Step 1: Develop Competing Behavior Pathway Step 2: Identify and Select Behavior Support Strategies Step 3: Develop Implementation Plan Step 4: Develop Evaluation Plan

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47 Progress Monitoring in Data collection systems Identify the skills to be addressed within the specialized instruction and choose an appropriate program/approach Either select or develop a data collection tool which aligns with the focus of the goals/objectives - develop a file of templates for data collection for future use Use a data sheet that is set up to take data efficiently and clearly - checklists/tallies- with correct measurement that aligns with the language of the goal/objectives

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53 ACTIVITY 5 Discuss with your team a plan for progress monitoring your student/case study

54 FBA and Check In Check Out CICO generally used as first intervention prior to FBA FBA is done if CICO student DPR goals are not being met School-wide expectation should be referenced when desired behavior is named and taught i.e. Desired Behavior – raise hand and ask for help School-wide expectation - Responsibility/Respect for others CICO daily progress reports can be used for teaching and reinforcement and can be modified as a result of a FBA

55 Thanks and Think about coaching needs back home and try to arrange for at least one on-site coaching visit with one of us with your team back home during an actual FBA/BIP


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