2Definite ArticlesIn English, the definite article is “the.” However, in Spanish it is el, la, los, and las. Spanish has four different forms and they agree in NUMBER and in GENDER.
3el (masculine/ singular) los ( masculine/ plural) el libro Los libros La (Feminine/ singular) las (feminine/ plural)just onemore than onethe bookThe booksjust oneMore than onela mochilalas mochilasThe backpackThe backpacks
4Definite ArticlesIn English, the definite article is “the.” However, in Spanish it is el and la.MasculineFemininesingularel (just one)lalos (more than one)laspluralIn Spanish, the definite article agrees with a noun in gender(feminine or masculine) and in number (singular or plural).specficEx: el libro la mochilathe book the backpacklos libros las mochilasthe books the backpacks
5Indefinite ArticlesIn English, the indefinite article is the word "a," "an," or "some.” Ex: a cookie an apple some booksIn Spanish, it is un, una, unos, and unas. Spanishhas four different forms and they agree in NUMBERand in GENDER.
6un (masculine/singular) unos (masculine/plural) un cuaderno unos cuadernos una (feminine/singular) unas (feminine/plural)just onemore than onea notebooksome notebooksmore than onejust oneunas plumasuna plumaa pensome pens
7In Spanish, the indefinite article agrees with a noun in gender (masculine or feminine) and in number (singular or plural).MasculineFeminineun (a /an) just oneunaunos (some) more than oneunasSingulara/an a/ansomePluralEx: un libro una plumaa book a penunos libros unas plumassome books some pensNot specific
8Note: Remember, as long as the group has at least one male member, the masculine plural article is used. Ex: Unos libros y mochilas. Los libros y mochilas.
9What is the difference between definite articles and indefinite articles? Definite articles are referring to something specific. Ex: I am looking for the boy with blue hair. Indefinite articles are not specific. Ex: I am looking for a boy. (could be any boy)
10Traduce al español: Ex: a pencil = un lápiz Don’t forget to check for adjective agreement! 1. a boyfriend 2. the girl 3. a teacher 4. some classes 5. the car 6. some books 7. an eraser 8. the lights 9. a school 10. the dog
116. some books (unos libros) 3. a teache (un profesor) 1. a boyfriend (un novio)2. the girl (la chica)6. some books (unos libros)3. a teache (un profesor)7. an eraser (un borrador)4. Some classes8. the lights (las luces)(unas clases)9. a school (una escuela)5. the car (el carro)10. the dog (el perro)