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Artículos y adjetivos Unidad 1 Lección 2. Nouns & Gender  All nouns have a gender; either masculine or feminine  Nouns ending in “o” are usually masculine.

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Presentation on theme: "Artículos y adjetivos Unidad 1 Lección 2. Nouns & Gender  All nouns have a gender; either masculine or feminine  Nouns ending in “o” are usually masculine."— Presentation transcript:

1 Artículos y adjetivos Unidad 1 Lección 2

2 Nouns & Gender  All nouns have a gender; either masculine or feminine  Nouns ending in “o” are usually masculine  Nouns ending in “a” are usually feminine

3 To make a noun plural…  Nouns ending in a vowel, add “s”  Nouns ending in a consonant, add “es”

4 Definite articles (“the”)  Indicates a specific person place or thing  El is used with a masculine, singular noun  La is used with a feminine, singular noun  Los is used with a masculine, plural noun  Las is used with a feminine, plural noun

5 Indefinite articles(“a/an”)  Indicates a nonspecific person, place or thing  Un is used with masculine, singular nouns  Una is used with feminine, singular nouns  Unos is used with masculine, plural nouns  Unas is used with feminine, plural nouns

6 Articles and nouns  The definite or indefinite article must agree with the noun it describes  If a noun is singular and feminine, the article must also be singular and feminine – la chica  If a noun is plural and masculine, the article must also be plural and masculine – los chicos

7 Adjectives and nouns  An adjective is used to describe a noun  In Spanish, the adjective almost always comes after the noun  Adjective must agree with the noun it describes –La chica bonita – a feminine noun needs a feminine adjective –El chico atlético – a masculine noun needs a masculine adjective

8 Adjectives and nouns (cont.)  Adjectives that end in “e” or a consonant work with both genders –La chica inteligente, la chica joven –Some exceptions end in a consonant and add an “a” to form the feminine  To make an adjective plural, add “s” if it ends in a vowel; add “es” if it ends in a consonant


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