2 Nouns & Gender All nouns have a gender; either masculine or feminine Nouns ending in “o” are usually masculineNouns ending in “a” are usually feminine
3 To make a noun plural… Nouns ending in a vowel, add “s” Nouns ending in a consonant, add “es”
4 Definite articles (“the”) Indicates a specific person place or thingEl is used with a masculine, singular nounLa is used with a feminine, singular nounLos is used with a masculine, plural nounLas is used with a feminine, plural noun
5 Indefinite articles (“a/an”) Indicates a nonspecific person, place or thingUn is used with masculine, singular nounsUna is used with feminine, singular nounsUnos is used with masculine, plural nounsUnas is used with feminine, plural nouns
6 Articles and nounsThe definite or indefinite article must agree with the noun it describesIf a noun is singular and feminine, the article must also be singular and feminine – la chicaIf a noun is plural and masculine, the article must also be plural and masculine – los chicos
7 Adjectives and nouns An adjective is used to describe a noun In Spanish, the adjective almost always comes after the nounAdjective must agree with the noun it describesLa chica bonita – a feminine noun needs a feminine adjectiveEl chico atlético – a masculine noun needs a masculine adjective
8 Adjectives and nouns (cont.) Adjectives that end in “e” or a consonant work with both gendersLa chica inteligente, la chica jovenSome exceptions end in a consonant and add an “a” to form the feminineTo make an adjective plural, add “s” if it ends in a vowel; add “es” if it ends in a consonant
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