2 The NOUN must agree with the ARTICLE!! Los Nombres (Nouns)Name of a person, place or thing is a nounIn Spanish, every noun has a gender, either masculine or feminineAll nouns are put into these categories even if there is no class logic to whyThe NOUN must agree with the ARTICLE!!
3 Los Artículos (The Articles) There are two types of articles:___________________ & ________________DefiniteIndefinite
4 =“the” Definite Articles It is called definite article because it is used to refer to a specific person, place, or thingi.e., the girl next door, the school, etc.
5 Spanish Definite Articles There are four:SINGULARPLURALMASCULINEFEMININEelloslalas
6 = “a, an” Indefinite Articles Refers to any person, place, or thing, NOT a specific one.i.e., a girl, a school.
7 Spanish Indefinite Articles There are four:SINGULARPLURALMASCULINEFEMININEununosunaunasINDEFINITE = “U”
8 Gender in NounsOften, but not always the final vowel of a noun tells which article to use
9 Nouns Ending in “o” el chico, un chico el sombrero, un sombrero These are usually masculine and take the definite article “el” and the indefinite article “un”i.e.,el chico, un chicoel sombrero, un sombreroel vestido, un vestido
10 Nouns Ending in “a” la chica, una chica la camisa, una camisa These are usually feminine and take the definite article “la” and the indefinite article “una”i.e.:la chica, una chicala camisa, una camisala casa, una casa
11 Nouns Ending in “e” or a Consonant These can be either masculine or feminine and must be learned individuallyi.e.:el hombrela clasela madreel restaurante
12 Number in NounsNouns are marked for gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural)Nouns must agree in gender and number
13 To change nouns to plural, do the following: Add “s” if the noun ends in a vowelAdd “es” if the noun ends in a consonanti.e.:el hombre --> los hombresla persona --> las personasun libro --> unos librosuna mujer --> unas mujeres
14 IRREGULARS el mapa la televisión *Typically if a noun ends with “pa” it will be a masculine noun.*Typically if a noun ends with “sión” it will be a feminine noun.
15 Change the following nouns to make them plural. Singular Plural el chico la chica el/la estudiante un amigo un mapalos chicoslas chicaslos/las estudiantesunos amigosunos mapas
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