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Los Artículos Los Nombres (Nouns)  Name of a person, place or thing is a noun  In Spanish, every noun has a gender, either masculine or feminine 

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Presentation on theme: "Los Artículos Los Nombres (Nouns)  Name of a person, place or thing is a noun  In Spanish, every noun has a gender, either masculine or feminine "— Presentation transcript:

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2 Los Artículos

3 Los Nombres (Nouns)  Name of a person, place or thing is a noun  In Spanish, every noun has a gender, either masculine or feminine  All nouns are put into these categories even if there is no class logic to why

4 Los Artículos (The Articles)  There are two types of articles: ___________________ & ________________ Definite Indefinite

5 Definite Articles =“the”  It is called definite article because it is used to refer to a specific person, place, or thing  i.e., the girl next door, the school, etc.

6 Spanish Definite Articles  There are four: SINGULARPLURAL MASCULINE FEMININE ellos la las

7 Indefinite Articles = “a, an”  Refers to any person, place, or thing, NOT a specific one.  i.e., a girl, a school.

8 Spanish Indefinite Articles  There are four: SINGULARPLURAL MASCULINE FEMININE ununos unaunas

9 Gender in Nouns  Often, but not always the final vowel of a noun tells which article to use

10 Nouns Ending in “o”  These are usually masculine and take the definite article “el” and the indefinite article “un”  i.e.,  el chico, un chico  el sombrero, un sombrero  el vestido, un vestido

11 Nouns Ending in “a”  These are usually feminine and take the definite article “la” and the indefinite article “una”  i.e.:  la chica, una chica  la camisa, una camisa  la casa, una casa

12 Nouns Ending in “e” or a Consonant  These can be either masculine or feminine and must be learned individually  i.e.:  el hombre  la clase  la madre  el restaurante

13 Number in Nouns  Nouns are marked for gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural)  Nouns must agree in gender and number

14  To change nouns to plural, do the following:  Add “s” if the noun ends in a vowel  Add “es” if the noun ends in a consonant  i.e.: el hombre --> los hombres la persona --> las personas un libro --> unos libros una mujer --> unas mujeres

15 el mapa la televisión *Typically if a noun ends with “pa” it will be a masculine noun. *Typically if a noun ends with “sión” it will be a feminine noun.

16 Singular Plural el chico la chica el/la estudiante un amigo un mapa Change the following nouns to make them plural. los chicos las chicas los/las estudiantes unos amigos unos mapas


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