Presentation on theme: "Artículos y sustantivos (Articles and nouns) Capítulo 1."— Presentation transcript:
Artículos y sustantivos (Articles and nouns) Capítulo 1
Definite articles El and La are called definite articles. El is used with masculine singular nouns. La is used with feminine singular nouns –Definite articles are specific. –They are the equivalent to the Eng. word the. –el curso –the course –la clase –the class
(Rt side) Masculineelthe Femininelathe
Indefinite articles Un and una are called indefinite articles. Un is used with masculine singular nouns. Una is used with feminine singular nouns. –Indefinite articles are not specific. –They are equivalent to the Eng. words a or an. –un curso –a course –una clase –a class
Masculineuna, an Feminineunaa, an
Nouns In Spanish, nouns have gender Nouns refer to people, animals, places, things, and ideas. They are either masculine or feminine. –Most nouns that end in –o are masculine. –Most nouns that end in –a are feminine.
MasculineFeminine El cursoLa escuela El bolígrafoLa hoja de papel The definite articles el and la also point out if a word is masculine or feminine. (el is masc. and la is fem.) Both el and la mean the. El and la can be replaced by un and una.
Spanish nouns that end in –e or a consonant must be learned as either masculine or feminine. You should practice them with their def. articles, el or la. MasculineFeminine El profesorLa joven El lápizLa conversación
Plural articles Plural articles 1. The singular definite articles are el and la. 2. The singular indefinite articles are un and una. The plural of el is los. The plural of la is las. The plural of un is unos. The plural of una is unas. –Unos and Unas mean some or a few.
To make a noun plural 1. If a noun ends in a then you add an to the end of the noun to make it plural. 1. If a noun ends in a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) then you add an –s to the end of the noun to make it plural. 2. If a noun ends in a, then you add an to the end of the noun to make it plural. 2. If a noun ends in a consonant, then you add an –es to the end of the noun to make it plural. –muchacha muchachas –amigo amigos –profesor profesores –español españoles
3. Singular nouns that end in z change to c in the plural (then you add the –es) –lápiz lápices –nariz narices
AGREEMENT A plural noun has a plural article. The nouns and articles must also AGREE in gender (masc. nouns with masc. articles.; fem nouns with fem articles.) Just as an article and noun must agree when it is singular, it also must agree in the plural.
Make these plural El reloj La ventana Un disquete Una mesa Los relojes Las ventanas Unos disquetes Unas mesas