Presentation on theme: "Artículos y sustantivos (Articles and nouns)"— Presentation transcript:
1Artículos y sustantivos (Articles and nouns) Capítulo 1
2El and La are called definite articles. Definite articles are specific.They are the equivalent to the Eng. word “the.”el cursothe coursela clasethe classDefinite articlesEl and La are called definite articles.El is used with masculine singular nouns.La is used with feminine singular nouns
4Un and una are called indefinite articles. Indefinite articles are not specific.They are equivalent to the Eng. words “a” or “an.”un cursoa courseuna clasea classIndefinite articlesUn and una are called indefinite articles.Un is used with masculine singular nouns.Una is used with feminine singular nouns.
6Nouns refer to people, animals, places, things, and ideas. They are either masculine or feminine.Most nouns that end in –o are masculine.Most nouns that end in –a are feminine.NounsIn Spanish, nouns have gender
7MasculineFeminineEl cursoLa escuelaEl bolígrafoLa hoja de papelThe definite articles el and la also point out if a word is masculine or feminine. (el is masc. and la is fem.)Both el and la mean “the.”El and la can be replaced by un and una.
8Spanish nouns that end in –e or a consonant must be learned as either masculine or feminine. You should practice them with their def. articles, el or la.MasculineFeminineEl profesorLa jovenEl lápizLa conversación
9The plural of una is unas. Plural articles The plural of el is los.The plural of la is las.The plural of un is unos.The plural of una is unas.Unos and Unas mean “some” or “a few.”Plural articlesThe singular definite articles are el and la.The singular indefinite articles are un and una.
10To make a noun pluralIf a noun ends in a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) then you add an –s to the end of the noun to make it plural.If a noun ends in a consonant, then you add an –es to the end of the noun to make it plural.muchacha → muchachasamigo → amigosprofesor → profesoresespañol → españoles
11Singular nouns that end in z change to c in the plural (then you add the –es) lápiz → lápicesnariz → narices
12AGREEMENTJust as an article and noun must agree when it is singular, it also must agree in the plural.A plural noun has a plural article.The nouns and articles must also AGREE in gender (masc. nouns with masc. articles.; fem nouns with fem articles.)
13Make these plural Los relojes El reloj Las ventanas La ventana Unos disquetesUnas mesasEl relojLa ventanaUn disqueteUna mesa