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Artículos y sustantivos (Articles and nouns)
El and La are called definite articles.
Definite articles are specific. They are the equivalent to the Eng. word “the.” el curso the course la clase the class Definite articles El and La are called definite articles. El is used with masculine singular nouns. La is used with feminine singular nouns
(Rt side) Masculine el the Feminine la
Un and una are called indefinite articles.
Indefinite articles are not specific. They are equivalent to the Eng. words “a” or “an.” un curso a course una clase a class Indefinite articles Un and una are called indefinite articles. Un is used with masculine singular nouns. Una is used with feminine singular nouns.
Masculine un a, an Feminine una
Nouns refer to people, animals, places, things, and ideas.
They are either masculine or feminine. Most nouns that end in –o are masculine. Most nouns that end in –a are feminine. Nouns In Spanish, nouns have gender
Masculine Feminine El curso La escuela El bolígrafo La hoja de papel The definite articles el and la also point out if a word is masculine or feminine. (el is masc. and la is fem.) Both el and la mean “the.” El and la can be replaced by un and una.
Spanish nouns that end in –e or a consonant must be learned as either masculine or feminine.
You should practice them with their def. articles, el or la. Masculine Feminine El profesor La joven El lápiz La conversación
The plural of una is unas. Plural articles
The plural of el is los. The plural of la is las. The plural of un is unos. The plural of una is unas. Unos and Unas mean “some” or “a few.” Plural articles The singular definite articles are el and la. The singular indefinite articles are un and una.
To make a noun plural If a noun ends in a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) then you add an –s to the end of the noun to make it plural. If a noun ends in a consonant, then you add an –es to the end of the noun to make it plural. muchacha → muchachas amigo → amigos profesor → profesores español → españoles
Singular nouns that end in z change to c in the plural (then you add the –es)
lápiz → lápices nariz → narices
AGREEMENT Just as an article and noun must agree when it is singular, it also must agree in the plural. A plural noun has a plural article. The nouns and articles must also AGREE in gender (masc. nouns with masc. articles.; fem nouns with fem articles.)
Make these plural Los relojes El reloj Las ventanas La ventana
Unos disquetes Unas mesas El reloj La ventana Un disquete Una mesa
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