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Today you will learn:  to discuss everyday school supplies  gender of nouns  definite and indefinite articles Lección 2: Primera parte.

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Presentation on theme: "Today you will learn:  to discuss everyday school supplies  gender of nouns  definite and indefinite articles Lección 2: Primera parte."— Presentation transcript:

1 Today you will learn:  to discuss everyday school supplies  gender of nouns  definite and indefinite articles Lección 2: Primera parte

2 ¡Memoria! Each team will receive a set of 30 cards, 15 picture cards and 15 word cards. Lay the cards out face down, making a 3x5 square with each color. The objective is to find as many pairs of matching cards as possible. a novela la novela When you find a match remove it from the grid. The person with the most matches at the end of the game wins!

3 Listen to each statement and identify the picture that corresponds. A B C D E F

4 Nouns and Articles  Nouns are words that refer to: People Places Things  In Spanish, all nouns are considered either masculine or feminine. el diccionario la mochila MASCULINE FEMININE  Typically, nouns that refer to males are masculine and nouns that refer to females are feminine. el profesor (male teacher) la profesora (female teacher)

5 Nouns and Articles  So what about all the nouns that refer to things and not people? The GENDER (masculine/feminine) of nouns that refer to inanimate objects is arbitrary!  Then how do you know whether a noun is masculine or feminine? Typically nouns that end in –o are masculine and nouns that end in – a are feminine. MasculineFeminine diccionario libro cuaderno calculadora mochila carpeta

6 Nouns and Articles  HOWEVER… There are many nouns that do NOT end in –o or -a: papellápiz marcador  So what do you do with these words? MEMORIZE THEM! There are also many exceptions to the guideline: el mapala mano

7 ¡Practicar!

8 LECCIÓN 2: PRIMERA PARTE ( CONTD ) Today you will… Learn about the gender of nouns Learn the definite and indefinite articles

9 Nouns and Definite Articles  Nouns in Spanish are typically accompanied by an article. o One kind of article is a DEFINITE ARTICLE What is the definite article we use in English? THE o In Spanish, there are four different ways to say “the”: ELLALOSLAS Why are there so many different ways to say “the”? Because it has to match the noun it accompanies in two ways: 1.Masculine / Feminine 2.Singular / Plural

10 Nouns and Definite Articles For example: COMPUTADORA Is the noun “computadora” a masculine word or a feminine word? FEMININE! Is it singular or plural? SINGULAR! So the article we use to say “the computer” in Spanish is… LA COMPUTADORA

11 Nouns and Definite Articles For example: CUADERNOS Is the noun “cuadernos” a masculine word or a feminine word? MASCULNE! Is it singular or plural? PLURAL! So the article we use to say “the notebooks” in Spanish is… LOS CUADERNOS

12 ¡A practicar! Tú necesitas… una pizarra un marcador una toalla

13 Complete each sentence with the correct definite article (EL / LA / LOS / LAS). Then identify the picture that corresponds with the statement. Yo necesito __________ libro de matemáticas. A B C D E F G H EL

14 Complete each sentence with the correct definite article (EL / LA / LOS / LAS). Then identify the picture that corresponds with the statement. Yo no tengo__________ papeles. A B C D E F G H LOS

15 Complete each sentence with the correct definite article (EL / LA / LOS / LAS). Then identify the picture that corresponds with the statement. ¿Dónde está ___________ cuaderno de ciencias? A B C D E F G H EL

16 Complete each sentence with the correct definite article (EL / LA / LOS / LAS). Then identify the picture that corresponds with the statement. Yo prefiero ___________ lápices. A B C D E F G H LOS

17 Complete each sentence with the correct definite article (EL / LA / LOS / LAS). Then identify the picture that corresponds with the statement. Yo necesito ___________ tijeras para la clase de arte. A B C D E F G H LAS

18 Complete each sentence with the correct definite article (EL / LA / LOS / LAS). Then identify the picture that corresponds with the statement. ¿De quién es ___________ pluma? A B C D E F G H LA

19 Complete each sentence with the correct definite article (EL / LA / LOS / LAS). Then identify the picture that corresponds with the statement. Yo necesito ___________ reglas. A B C D E F G H LAS

20 Complete each sentence with the correct definite article (EL / LA / LOS / LAS). Then identify the picture that corresponds with the statement. ___________ gomas están en mi mochila. A B C D E F G H LAS

21 Nouns and Indefinite Articles  In addition to using definite articles to say “the”, we also use INDEFINITE ARTICLES What are the indefinite articles we use in English? A & AN o Just like there are four ways to say “the” in Spanish, there are also four ways to say “a / an” depending on if the noun is masculine/feminine and singular/plural: UN UNUNAUNOSUNAS MASCULINE FEMININE The plural forms UNOS & UNAS are often used to say “some” Ex: unos papeles some papers

22 ¡A practicar!

23 Pictionary! Groups of TWO Each group needs: 1 dry erase board 1 marker 1 towel Take turns drawing pictures to represent your vocab words. Your partner must guess the word in Spanish. When you guess a word, you MUST include the article (el/la/los/las or un/una/unos/unas)!

24 Making Nouns Plural el cuaderno los cuadernos If a noun ends in a vowel (A, E, I, O, U), then you add… -S …to make it plural What else has to change when you make a noun plural? The ARTICLE!

25 Write the plural form of each noun. Make sure to include the apropriate definite article (el, la, los, las).  el libro   la regla   la pluma 

26 Making Nouns Plural el papel los papeles If a noun ends in a consonant, then you add… -ES …to make it plural Don’t forget to change make the article plural as well!!!

27 For example…  el marcador 

28 Making Nouns Plural el lápiz los lápices If a noun ends in a -Z, then you… 1)Change the –Z to –C 2)Add -ES

29 Listen as Silvia reads her shopping list. Write the missing words as you hear them. Then identify the corresponding picture. ______________ diccionario un ________________________ ________________ cuadernos ________________ mapa de _______________________ ________________________ lápices A B C D E

30 Listen as Silvia reads her shopping list. Write the missing words as you hear them. Then identify the corresponding picture. ______________ diccionario un ________________________ ________________ cuadernos ________________ mapa de _______________________ ________________________ lápices un diario unos un México unos A B C D E


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