2 NOUNS Name of a person, place or thing is a noun In Spanish, every noun has a gender, either masculine or feminineMany nouns end in either –o or –a. Almost all nouns that end in –o are masculine and –a are feminine.
3 Los Artículos (The Articles) There are two types of articlesDefinite and Indefinite Articles
4 Definite Articles English definite article is “the” It is called definite article because it is used to refer to a specific person, place, or thingi.e., the girl next door, the school, etc
5 Indefinite Articles English definite article “a” “an” Refers to any person, place, or thing, not a specific one.i.e., a girl, a school
6 Spanish Definite Articles There are fourSingular PluralMasculine el losFeminine la lasFor singular/masculine nouns, use “el”For singular/feminine nouns, use “la”For plural/ masculine nouns, use “los”For plural/feminine nouns, use “las”
7 Spanish Indefinite Articles There are fourSingular PluralMasculine un unosFeminine una unasFor singular/masculine nouns, use “un”For singular/feminine nouns, use “una”For plural/ masculine nouns, use “unos”For plural/feminine nouns, use “unas”
8 Recap All the definite and indefinite articles Definite Indefinite Singular/Masculine: el unSingular/Feminine: la unaPlural/Masculine: los unosPlural/Feminine: las unas
9 Gender in NounsOften but not always the final vowel of a noun tells which article to use
10 Nouns Ending in “o”These are usually masculine and take the definite article “el” and the indefinite article “un”i.e.,el cuaderno, un cuadernoel cuerpo, un cuerpoel libro, un libro
11 Nouns Ending in “a”These are usually feminine and take the definite article “la” and the indefinite article “una”i.e.:la profesora, una profesorala maestra, una maestrala cabeza, una cabeza
12 Nouns Ending in “e” or a Consonant These can be either masculine or feminine and must be learned individuallyi.e.:el piela narizel lápizel restaurante
13 Number in NounsNouns are marked for gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural)Nouns must agree in gender and numberI spoke about both singular and plural definite and indefinite articles
14 To change nouns to plural, do the following: Add “s” if the noun ends in a vowelAdd “es” if the noun ends in a consonant
15 Singular Pluralel chico los chicosla alumna las alumnasel/la estudiante los/las estudiantesun amigo unos amigosuna camisa unas camisas
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