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Notas: nouns, gender, definite articles, indefinite articles, hay, making nouns plural.

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Presentation on theme: "Notas: nouns, gender, definite articles, indefinite articles, hay, making nouns plural."— Presentation transcript:

1 Notas: nouns, gender, definite articles, indefinite articles, hay, making nouns plural

2 Nouns & Gender Nouns name 4 types of things: –People –Places –Things –Ideas (concepts)

3 Nouns & Gender Nouns in Spanish are either masculine or feminine Most nouns that end in –o are masculine Most nouns that end in –a are feminine The word that means masculine or feminine is gender Nouns that do not follow that general rule must be memorized.

4 Nouns & Gender Using the “-o” & “-a” rule, determine if the following nouns are masculine (M) or feminine (F). a.escritorio b.mesa c.bolígrafo d.cuaderno e.tiza f.pizarra g.puerta h.libro M. F. M. F. M.

5 Nouns & Gender Can you name some nouns from our list that do not fit the general rule and that must be memorized?

6 Definite Articles There is only one definite article in English. It is the word “the”. There are four definite articles in Spanish.

7 Definite Articles Singular Plural Masculine Feminine el los lalas

8 Definite Articles Write the definite article that goes with each noun. a.bolígrafo b.mesas c.escritorios d.carpeta e.puertas f.libros g.tiza h.cuaderno el las los la las los la el

9 Indefinite Articles Indefinite articles are used to refer to things in general (non-specific things) There are four indefinite articles in Spanish.

10 Indefinite Articles Singular Plural Masculine Feminine un unos unaunas a, an some, a few

11 Articles – Definite & Indefinite To know which article to use with a particular noun, you have to ask yourself 2 questions: –Is the noun masculine or feminine? –Is the noun singular or plural?

12 Fill in the blanks with the correct indefinite articles & write the English meaning. (don’t forget to ask yourself the 2 questions!) carpetas = ______________ silla = ______________ libro = ______________ cuadernos = ______________ unassome folders unaa chair una book unossome notebooks

13 Hay In a sentence “hay” means: –There is –There are In a question “hay” means: –Is there…? –Are there…?

14 Hay Por ejemplo: Hay una pizarra en el colegio. ¿Hay un bolígrafo en la mochila? There is a chalkboard in the school. Is there a pen in the backpack?

15 Sí y No (answering questions) When answer a question affirmatively, you will usually begin your response with sí. When answering negatively, begin with no & put a 2 nd no before “hay” or the verb.

16 Sí y No (answering questions) Por ejemplo: ¿Hay tarea? Sí, hay tarea. No, no hay tarea.

17 Making Nouns Plural If the noun ends in a vowel, add “s” –diccionario  diccionarios If the noun ends in a consonant, add “es” –papel  papeles If the noun ends in “z”, change the “z” to “c” and add “es” –lápiz  lápices

18 Making Nouns Plural Write the following words in the plural form. 1.teléfono 2.computadora 3.reloj 4.luz 5.hoja 6.profesor teléfonos computadoras relojes luces hojas profesores


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