Presentation on theme: "Unidad 1Leccion 2 Definite vs. Indefinite Articles."— Presentation transcript:
Unidad 1Leccion 2 Definite vs. Indefinite Articles
Los Objetivos What are articles and how do we use them? What does gender and number mean? What are the differences between definite and indefinite articles? What are adjectives and how do we use them? How are they different in Spanish?
Leccion 1: Definite vs. Indefinite Articles Before we can talk about articles, we must learn about nouns in Spanish. What is a noun?
Nouns (cont.) All nouns in Spanish have both and
Gender Masculine vs. feminine Sometimes, nouns in Spanish show their gender by ending in ______ for masculine and ______ for feminine.
Gender (cont.) If you change the gender of a noun then you change the meaning of the word. Ejemplo: Chico =ropa = Chica =ropo =
Number Singular vs. plural Nouns show their number by ending in or *note: if a noun ends in –s or –es it is plural.
Ejemplos: What is the gender and number of the following 4 nouns? Blusa Sombreros Chico Chaquetas Fem./Sing. Masc./Plural Masc./Singular Fem./Plural
Articles What are articles? AArticles in Spanish help to identify the gender and number of nouns. TThey do not serve this purpose in English
Ejemplos: Can you identify the gender and number of the nouns based on the article? La blusa Los calcetines El policía La policía Fem./Sing Masc./Plural Masc./Singular Fem./Singular
Articles (cont.) There are two types of articles. Definite Indefinite
Definite Articles Shows something specific What do they mean?
Definite Articles (cont.)
Cont. El = masc./sing. La = fem./sing. Los = masc./plural Las = fem./ plural
Ejemplos La blusa El calcetín Las blusas Los calcetines El sombrero Las faldas
Indefinite Articles Shows something non-specific What do they mean? This depends on the noun
Indefinite Articles (cont.)
Cont. un = masc./sing. una = fem./sing. unos = masc./plural unas = fem./ plural
Ejemplos una blusa un calcetín unas blusas unos calcetines un sombrero unas faldas A blouse A sock Some blouses Some socks A hat Some skirts
Practica (Fill in the blank with your articles) Definite 1. _____ paginas 2. _____ maestra 3. _____ perros 4. _____ vestido 5. _____ amiga Indefinite 1. _____ sombrero 2. _____ doctora 3. _____ zapatos 4. _____ libro 5. _____ cuadernos
Practica (translate) 1. A boy 2. The friends 3. A teacher (male) 4. Some books 5. The page 1.The boys are funny. 2. Maria is lazy. 3. Susana and Juana are serious.
Self Check What are articles and what do they do? What are your definite articles and what do they mean? What are your indefinite articles and what do they mean?