2English vs. Spanish In English, only living things have a gender. In Spanish, all nouns have gender.In Spanish there are two types of nouns:MasculineFeminine
3Masculine vs. Feminine Masculine Most nouns end in -o Examples: ChicoMuchachoAmigoLibroFeminineMost nouns end in-aExamples:FiestaChicaAmigaMuchacha
4Masculine vs. Feminine (continued) Just because el libro is considered masculine in Spanish does not mean that the book is actually male.Just because la hamburguesa is considered feminine in Spanish does not mean that the fruit is actually female.Compare it to ships – in English they are almost always named after females.
5Plural Nouns Most singular nouns end in –o or –a To make nouns that end in a vowel plural add an –s.Example: Amiga AmigasTo make nouns that end in a consonant plural add an –es.Example: Animal Animales
6Definite Articles (THE) There are four definite articles in Spanish Definite Articles (THE) There are four definite articles in Spanish. They match the gender of the noun.MasculineSingular = elPlural = losFeminineSingular = laPlural = las
7Definite Articles (THE) There are four definite articles in Spanish. MasculineSingular = elExample:El amigoPlural = losLos amigosFeminineSingular = laExample:La fiestaPlural = lasLas fiestas