Presentation on theme: "Navigation Acts 1660-1663 A British law which stated goods shipped to and from the colonies HAD TO BE carried by English ships."— Presentation transcript:
Navigation Acts A British law which stated goods shipped to and from the colonies HAD TO BE carried by English ships
The French and Indian War A war fought between the French and the British for territory in North America; the British won, but were left deeply in debt so the colonists were taxed to pay off the debt
Proclamation of 1763 An order given by Britain that closed territory west of the Appalachians to all colonists due to Indian rebellions
Sugar Act British tax on luxury items such as wine, silk, and molasses
Quartering Act A British law that required colonists to provide lodging and supplies to British troops
Stamp Act – 1765 A British law that required colonists to buy a revenue stamp for legal documents, books, papers, licenses, and other products
Townshend Act A British law that taxed paint, glass, lead, paper, and tea
Writs of Assistance Documents which gave British officials the right to enter homes and businesses to look for smuggled goods that the colonists might have to avoid paying British taxes “A man’s house is his castle; and whilst he is quiet, he is as well guarded as a prince in his castle. This writ, if it should be declared legal, would totally annihilate this privilege. Custom-house officers may enter our houses when they please; we are commanded to permit their entry. Their menial servants may enter, may break locks, bars, and everything in their way; and whether they break through malice or revenge, no man, no court may inquire. “ James Otis
Sons of Liberty A group of colonists led by Samuel Adams who met to discuss their unhappiness with British rule; they circulated papers, gave speeches, and organized riots and boycotts
Boycott The refusal to use or buy goods; many colonists refused to buy British goods and began to produce the goods which were being taxed themselves
Boston Massacre an event where patriots protesting British policies threw snowballs and oyster shells at British soldiers who responded by shooting at the protesters; five colonists were killed but they called it a massacre to gain sympathy
Boston Tea Party an event where patriots disguised as Indians boarded a British ship in Boston and threw all of the tea into Boston Harbor to protest the tax on tea created by the Tea Act
Intolerable Acts 1774 the British response to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party; it closed the port of Boston until the city paid for the destroyed tea, put the colony under military control and increased the power of the British governor
First Continental Congress a meeting of 55 delegates from all 13 colonies except Georgia which met at Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia; they declared the Intolerable Acts null and void, sent a petition of their grievances to the British government, established a embargo (ban on trade) against the British and encouraged colonists to train soldiers
Edenton Tea Party 1774 the first political gathering and protest by women; it took place in Edenton, NC where Penelope Barker and 50 other women took a pledge to not drink tea or wear British- made clothing
Minutemen The nickname given to patriots who were ready to fight in a minute’s notice
Richard Caswell North Carolinian who helped lead the patriots to a victory against loyalists at the Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge and later became the first governor of the independent state of North Carolina
Thomas Paine He wrote an article titled “Common Sense” which inspired patriots to declare independence from Britain
Patriot An American colonist who joined in the fight to gain independence from Britain
Samuel Adams The leader of the Sons of Liberty who published pamphlets, wrote letters and gave speeches that opposed British rule.
Penelope Barker North Carolinian who held one of the first political gatherings and protests by women. Fifty women attended the gathering in Edenton, NC and pledged not to drink British tea or wear British-made clothes.
Gov. William Tryon The royal governor of North Carolina during most of the pre-Revolutionary War protests.
George Washington He gained popularity and respect for his military leadership in the French and Indian War and was put in charge of the Continental Army at the Second Continental Congress in 1775.
Paul Revere A famous patriot who made an engraving of the Boston Massacre and attempted to inform the patriots in Concord that the British were coming.
Thomas Jefferson Virginian lawyer who headed the committee to write the Declaration of Independence.
Loyalist A colonist who remained loyal to the King of England
Patrick Henry Virginian, well known for his speeches (“Give me liberty or give me death!”). He was a member of the Sons of Liberty.
King George III The King of England who refused to give up economic and political control of the thirteen American colonies.
John Hancock President of the Continental Congress and the first to sign his name to the Declaration of Independence
Lord Charles Cornwallis The General of the British military forces who surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown, VA
Committees of Correspondence Groups of patriots who carried news of the laws, protests, declarations and battles throughout the colonies to keep colonists informed
Crispus Attucks A black patriot who lost his life during the Boston Massacre protest
Nathaniel Greene Leader of the Continental Army in the South who severely weakened Cornwallis’ army at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse in North Carolina, forcing him to surrender at Yorktown
Benjamin Franklin One of the most accomplished and respected individuals in the colonies. He acted as colonial representative throughout the world. He helped revise the Declaration of Independence and invented many useful things that we still use today.