Presentation on theme: "Navigation Acts 1660-1663 A British law which stated goods shipped to and from the colonies HAD TO BE carried by English ships."— Presentation transcript:
1Navigation ActsA British law which stated goods shipped to and from the colonies HAD TO BE carried by English ships
2The French and Indian War 1754-1763 A war fought between the French and the British for territory in North America; the British won, but were left deeply in debt so the colonists were taxed to pay off the debt
3Proclamation of 1763An order given by Britain that closed territory west of the Appalachians to all colonists due to Indian rebellions
4British tax on luxury items such as wine, silk, and molasses Sugar ActBritish tax on luxury items such as wine, silk, and molasses
5Quartering ActA British law that required colonists to provide lodging and supplies to British troops
6Stamp Act – 1765A British law that required colonists to buy a revenue stamp for legal documents, books, papers, licenses, and other products
7A British law that taxed paint, glass, lead, paper, and tea Townshend ActA British law that taxed paint, glass, lead, paper, and tea
8Writs of Assistance“A man’s house is his castle; and whilst he is quiet, he is as well guarded as a prince in his castle. This writ, if it should be declared legal, would totally annihilate this privilege. Custom-house officers may enter our houses when they please; we are commanded to permit their entry. Their menial servants may enter, may break locks, bars, and everything in their way; and whether they break through malice or revenge, no man, no court may inquire. “James OtisDocuments which gave British officials the right to enter homes and businesses to look for smuggled goods that the colonists might have to avoid paying British taxes
9Sons of LibertyA group of colonists led by Samuel Adams who met to discuss their unhappiness with British rule; they circulated papers, gave speeches, and organized riots and boycotts
10BoycottThe refusal to use or buy goods; many colonists refused to buy British goods and began to produce the goods which were being taxed themselves
11Boston Massacrean event where patriots protesting British policies threw snowballs and oyster shells at British soldiers who responded by shooting at the protesters; five colonists were killed but they called it a massacre to gain sympathy
12Boston Tea Partyan event where patriots disguised as Indians boarded a British ship in Boston and threw all of the tea into Boston Harbor to protest the tax on tea created by the Tea Act
13Intolerable Acts 1774the British response to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party; it closed the port of Boston until the city paid for the destroyed tea, put the colony under military control and increased the power of the British governor
14First Continental Congress - 1774 a meeting of 55 delegates from all 13 colonies except Georgia which met at Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia; they declared the Intolerable Acts null and void, sent a petition of their grievances to the British government, established a embargo (ban on trade) against the British and encouraged colonists to train soldiers
15Edenton Tea Party 1774the first political gathering and protest by women; it took place in Edenton, NC where Penelope Barker and 50 other women took a pledge to not drink tea or wear British-made clothing
16MinutemenThe nickname given to patriots who were ready to fight in a minute’s notice
17Richard CaswellNorth Carolinian who helped lead the patriots to a victory against loyalists at the Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge and later became the first governor of the independent state of North Carolina
18Thomas PaineHe wrote an article titled “Common Sense” which inspired patriots to declare independence from Britain
19PatriotAn American colonist who joined in the fight to gain independence from Britain
20Samuel AdamsThe leader of the Sons of Liberty who published pamphlets, wrote letters and gave speeches that opposed British rule.
21Penelope BarkerNorth Carolinian who held one of the first political gatherings and protests by women. Fifty women attended the gathering in Edenton, NC and pledged not to drink British tea or wear British-made clothes.
22Gov. William TryonThe royal governor of North Carolina during most of the pre-Revolutionary War protests.
23George WashingtonHe gained popularity and respect for his military leadership in the French and Indian War and was put in charge of the Continental Army at the Second Continental Congress in 1775.
24Paul RevereA famous patriot who made an engraving of the Boston Massacre and attempted to inform the patriots in Concord that the British were coming.
25Thomas JeffersonVirginian lawyer who headed the committee to write the Declaration of Independence.
26A colonist who remained loyal to the King of England LoyalistA colonist who remained loyal to the King of England
27Patrick HenryVirginian, well known for his speeches (“Give me liberty or give me death!”). He was a member of the Sons of Liberty.
28King George IIIThe King of England who refused to give up economic and political control of the thirteen American colonies.
29John HancockPresident of the Continental Congress and the first to sign his name to the Declaration of Independence
30Lord Charles Cornwallis The General of the British military forces who surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown, VA
31Committees of Correspondence Groups of patriots who carried news of the laws, protests, declarations and battles throughout the colonies to keep colonists informed
32A black patriot who lost his life during the Boston Massacre protest Crispus AttucksA black patriot who lost his life during the Boston Massacre protest
33Nathaniel GreeneLeader of the Continental Army in the South who severely weakened Cornwallis’ army at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse in North Carolina, forcing him to surrender at Yorktown
34Benjamin FranklinOne of the most accomplished and respected individuals in the colonies. He acted as colonial representative throughout the world. He helped revise the Declaration of Independence and invented many useful things that we still use today.