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The American Revolution 1763 – 1783 Section 1. Section 1 Moving Toward Revolution The Writs of Assistance: The Writs of Assistance: Blank search warrants.

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Presentation on theme: "The American Revolution 1763 – 1783 Section 1. Section 1 Moving Toward Revolution The Writs of Assistance: The Writs of Assistance: Blank search warrants."— Presentation transcript:

1 The American Revolution 1763 – 1783 Section 1

2 Section 1 Moving Toward Revolution The Writs of Assistance: The Writs of Assistance: Blank search warrants issued by the English govt to look for smuggled goods any time/place. Blank search warrants issued by the English govt to look for smuggled goods any time/place. This writ is a/g the fundamental principle of English Law…A man is as secure in his house as a prince is in his castle. This writ is a/g the fundamental principle of English Law…A man is as secure in his house as a prince is in his castle. James Otis James Otis

3 Problems of Empire England now controlled land populated by Indians. England now controlled land populated by Indians. An Ottawa warrior, Pontiac, forged an alliance of tribes to drive out the English. An Ottawa warrior, Pontiac, forged an alliance of tribes to drive out the English. England responded with the Proclamation of 1763, which said that all land west of the Appalachian Mt. was Indian land. England responded with the Proclamation of 1763, which said that all land west of the Appalachian Mt. was Indian land.

4 The Stamp Act Turmoil In order to pay for the French & Indian War England created the Stamp Act in In order to pay for the French & Indian War England created the Stamp Act in Every legal document, playing cards, diplomas, deeds, advertisements, licenses, newspapers, etc… had to possess an official stamp. Every legal document, playing cards, diplomas, deeds, advertisements, licenses, newspapers, etc… had to possess an official stamp. You had to pay a tax to receive this stamp. You had to pay a tax to receive this stamp. This was Englands 1 st attempt at taxing the colonists directly. This was Englands 1 st attempt at taxing the colonists directly.

5 The Sons of Liberty The Sons of Liberty grew out of protest. The Sons of Liberty grew out of protest. A secret society. A secret society. Members tarred & feathered tax collectors. Members tarred & feathered tax collectors. Influenced England to repeal the Declaratory Act Influenced England to repeal the Declaratory Act

6 Action & Reaction In 1767 England passed the Townshend Acts. In 1767 England passed the Townshend Acts. Taxes on glass, paper, paint, lead, & tea. Taxes on glass, paper, paint, lead, & tea. In Boston Samuel Adams encouraged colonists to boycott English goods. In Boston Samuel Adams encouraged colonists to boycott English goods. The Sons/Daughters of Liberty encouraged people to buy American made products. The Sons/Daughters of Liberty encouraged people to buy American made products.

7 More Reaction & Revolts The Liberty, a colonial ship was seized by the English navy. The Liberty, a colonial ship was seized by the English navy. The colonists began beating up customs officials. The colonists began beating up customs officials. The English responded passing the Quartering Act. The English responded passing the Quartering Act. Any colonists may have to house an English soldier. Any colonists may have to house an English soldier.

8 The Boston Massacre March 5, 1770 street youths pelted English soldiers w/ snowballs; the soldiers responded w/ gunfire. March 5, 1770 street youths pelted English soldiers w/ snowballs; the soldiers responded w/ gunfire. Five colonists were killed including Crispus Attucks, a runaway slave. Five colonists were killed including Crispus Attucks, a runaway slave. Paul Revere created an engraving of the incident and used it as propaganda for revolt. Paul Revere created an engraving of the incident and used it as propaganda for revolt.

9 Boston Massacre Reactions John Adams, Samuels cousin, defended the English. They were found innocent. John Adams, Samuels cousin, defended the English. They were found innocent. In 1772 Samuel Adams organized the Committee of Correspondence which helped communication amongst the local towns. In 1772 Samuel Adams organized the Committee of Correspondence which helped communication amongst the local towns.

10 The Boston Tea Party In 1773 England passed a Tea Tax. In 1773 England passed a Tea Tax. December 16, 1773 Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians and dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor. December 16, 1773 Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians and dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.

11 The Intolerable Acts Closed the port of Boston. Closed the port of Boston. Gave the governor absolute power. Gave the governor absolute power. Placed more English Soldiers in the colonies. Placed more English Soldiers in the colonies. Other colonies began to rally around Boston. Other colonies began to rally around Boston.

12 First Continental Congress Sept. 1774, 56 colonial delegates met in Philadelphia to determine the future of the colonies. Sept. 1774, 56 colonial delegates met in Philadelphia to determine the future of the colonies. The delegates created a unified boycott. The delegates created a unified boycott. As a result the Minutemen began practicing war tactics in secret. As a result the Minutemen began practicing war tactics in secret. War may be inevitable! War may be inevitable!


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