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American Revolution 1775-1783. 1763-1774  Major events led the 13 original colonies to declare their Independence from Great Britain.

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Presentation on theme: "American Revolution 1775-1783. 1763-1774  Major events led the 13 original colonies to declare their Independence from Great Britain."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Revolution

2  Major events led the 13 original colonies to declare their Independence from Great Britain.

3 13 Original Colonies GeorgiaConnecticut South CarolinaMassachusetts VirginiaNew York MarylandRhode Island DelawareNew Hampshire PennsylvaniaNorth Carolina New Jersey

4 French/Indian War  The British and their colonies fought against the French and the Native Americans over land.  The British and colonies won.  The Lord of the Treasury in England felt that the colonists should pay for the war.

5 Taxation without Representation  Colonies were taxed without any say in Government decisions.  The British placed taxes on common items such as newspapers, wills, playing cards, tea, paper and glass items.

6 Boston Massacre  The Colonists were angry because British troops were in their town.  Colonists threw sticks and snowballs at the British troops.  British troops fired into the crowd, killing 5 people. The first killed was Cripus Attucks, an African American who was considered a hero by some and a troublemaker by others.

7 Propaganda  Information designed to influence opinions- against the British was published in colonies.  Samuel Adams put up posters describing the “Boston Massacre” as a slaughter of innocent Americans by the “bloody” redcoats.  Paul Revere showed a picture of a British officer giving the order to open fire on an orderly crowd.  The Sons of Liberty wrote many pamphlets to persuade colonists to support the revolutionary movement.

8 Boston Tea Party  The Sons of Liberty dressed like Mohawk Indians to disguise themselves.  They (along with other colonists) threw 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor in protest of the unfair tea trade agreement.

9 Punishing Boston  King George III of England was so angry at the Colonists that he closed Boston Harbor, preventing shipments of food and other necessary supplies.  The king made laws prohibiting town meetings and forced the Colonists to house British soldiers or face punishment. The Intolerable Acts!

10 First Continental Congress  Met in Sept in Philadelphia, PA.  Sent the Olive Branch Petition to King George III so that the colonies could break away peacefully.

11 Battle of Lexington  April 9, 1775 – British general Thomas Gage sent 700 troops to Lexington, Massachusetts to collect weapons.  Paul Revere went on his famous ride to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams.  British troops met colonial minutemen at the village green in Lexington.  No one knows who fired the first shot – “The shot heard ‘round the world.”

12 Second Continental Congress  Met in Philadelphia, PA.  Made George Washington the commander of the Continental Army.  Signed the Declaration of Independence to officially break from England.

13 Revolutionary War  The war lasted until  Soldiers served under harsh conditions without needed supplies, including clothing, weapons, and food.  George Washington proved to be an excellent leader and commander of the troops.  Battle of Yorktown ended the war, thanks to the help of the French who sent help to the American colonists.

14 America, the nation  The leaders of the Revolution met to create the American government.  They wrote the U.S. Constitution based on many Enlightenment ideas. Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Life, Liberty… Equality  George Washington was named first president!  As colonies ratified the Constitution, they became American states.

15 What was IMPACT?  Encouraged other nations’ people to revolt from their monarchs. French Haiti – first for… Many in Latin America


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