Presentation on theme: "Chart Notes The Proclamation of 1763 – a treaty giving the Indians all the land west of the Appalachian Mountains. Angered the colonists because it kept."— Presentation transcript:
1 Chart NotesThe Proclamation of 1763 – a treaty giving the Indians all the land west of the Appalachian Mountains. Angered the colonists because it kept them from moving west. A right they believed they fought for in the French and Indian War.The Sugar Act –taxed goods such as sugar, coffee, and molasses and was strictly enforced by the British soldiers. The colonists were angry about the new enforcements, but still found ways to smuggle in the sugar.
2 The Stamp Act – the Stamp Act put a tax on ALL printed goods including: books, papers, newspapers, official forms, dice, cards, etc. The colonies were so angry that they created the Stamp Act Congress with representatives from most of the colonies. The congress decided to boycott, refuse to buy, all printed goods. It worked! England repealed, discontinued, the Stamp Act. Also at this time, Samuel Adams created the Sons of Liberty, a group of colonists who began pushing for independence.
3 The Townshend Acts – a law putting tax on several different things like: lead, glass, tea, etc. The colonists fought against these items with further boycotts of British goods. In fact, colonists were encouraged not to buy any British Goods.The Daughters of Liberty organized themselves to teach each other how to make their own cloth and do other things to keep from buying British goods.
4 The Boston Massacre – started as a snowball fight and escalated into an angry mob. Five colonists were killed, including Crispus Attucks a free man and the first African American killed for the cause.The Committee of Correspondence was created, to communicate any further British conflicts to all the colonies. Colonists used the Boston Massacre as propaganda, information designed to influence opinion, against the British.
5 The Tea Act of 1773 – Most of the Townshend Acts were repealed, but the British knew the colonists would have trouble giving up their Tea so the Tea Act reinforced the tax made in the Townshend Acts. Several of the Sons of Liberty dressed like Indians and boarded several ships in the harbor and dumped their tea overboard. This became known as the Boston Tea Party.
6 The Intolerable Acts (or the Coercive Acts) -King George was furious about the Boston Tea Party. He insisted the colonists must be punished. The punishments included: Boston Harbor was closed – no goods in or out of BostonNo more town meetings & assemblies were sent homeMore soldiers were sent to enforce these new lawsBostonians were forced to allow soldiers to stay in their homes without payingThe colonists believed this act took away many of their rights as British citizens. The Continental Congress with representatives from each of the colonies met together to decide what to do.
7 Steps to the Revolution Each step moved us closer to war British ActionsThe Intolerable ActsThe Tea ActThe Boston MassacreThe Townshend ActsThe Stamp ActThe Proclamationof 1763The Sugar ActWARColonial ResponsesContinental CongressThe Boston Tea PartyThe Committee of CorrespondenceThe Stamp Act Congress & Sons of LibertyMore boycotts & Daughters of LibertyColonists were angrySmuggling
9 BoycottA boycott is an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for social or political reasons.Ex. I will boycott any Apple products until they bring down their prices for Iphones!
10 LoyalistsAmerican colonists who remained loyal to the British Empire and the British monarchy during the American Revolutionary War.
11 Patriotsa person who vigorously supports their country and is prepared to defend it against enemies or detractors
12 Mercantilismalso called the mercantile system, was based on the benefits of profitable trading. Countries adopted trade policies that favored the flow of wealth from the colonies to the mother countryMercantilism is based on the concept of increasing profits by controlling trade