Presentation on theme: "PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AGES 1-3. Physical Development Provides children with the abilities they need to explore and interact with the world around them."— Presentation transcript:
Physical Development Provides children with the abilities they need to explore and interact with the world around them. Physical growth: Toddlers are unsteady when first walking Muscles gain strength Children gradually develop coordination Preschoolers are able to run, jump and trot. By the age of five, most can skip.
Physical Development Chart (draw chart for your notes)
Proportion Ages 1-2: Head, chest, and abdomen measure the same Your turn: How is this different than infants?
Teeth Healthy Teeth Determined by diet, heredity and care Provide foods rich in: Calcium, Phosphorus, Vitamin D 1year olds: 8 Teeth 2-3 year olds: 16-20 Teeth Note: The complete set of primary teeth is in the mouth from the age of 2 ½ to 3 years of age to 6 to 7 years of age. Around 6- 7 years of age, primary teeth start to fall out and are replaced by permanent teeth.
Motor Development Physical growth in the ability of children to use their bodies and physical skills Process by which a child acquires movement patterns and skills Genetics, size at birth, body build, nutrition, opportunity, and culture can all influence motor and physical development.
Evaluating Areas of Motor Development Muscle Tone High tone- movement are jerky or disconnected Low tone- movement may be slow and lack strength Quality of Movements Are movement smooth or do they jerk their limbs? Do they move slow or fast? Does it take effort for them to move around? Range of Motion Making movements that span the entire length of the body Making movements from one side of the body to the other Throwing a ball Passing an object from one hand to the other
Gross (large) Motor Development Skills Rolling over Crawling Walking Running Jumping These skills usually involve using the entire body or several parts of the body at one time.
Large or Gross Motor Skills Use of back, leg, shoulder, arm muscles Examples: walking, running, jumping, throwing, kicking, building, climbing
Fine (small) Motor Skills Improved dexterity: Skilled use of hands, fingers, wrists, and toes Examples: Holding a crayon, putting together a puzzle, stacking cups