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Presentation on theme: "TODDLERS."— Presentation transcript:


2 Physical Growth and Development
Time between 1st and 4th birthday is one of many physical changes. Baby learns to walk, pick up small objects with thumb and forefinger and to throw objects. By age three, child is running, jumping, building block towers and using fork and spoon.

3 Toddlers Physical growth slows considerably after 1st year.
Child usually begins to walks a few unsteady steps about the time of 1st birthday. Toddler-term used for children from age of first walking, usually about 12 months, until age 3. Physical skills require a toddler to have lots of space to walk/run. They need time set aside each day for active play so they can exercise their muscles and used stored up energy. Children at this age become bored easily, so it may be necessary to change activities frequently.

4 Height and Weight Height and weight is slower.
Heredity and environmental influences on height and weight are more noticeable during this period.

5 Proportion and Posture
Arms, legs, trunk grow rapidly during this time. Changes in proportion help improve toddler’s balance and motor skills. By 2- child stands straighter abdomen still protrudes head is somewhat forward knee’s and elbows are slightly bent

6 By 3- toddler’s posture is more upright spine has strengthened – back becomes straighter child has lost some baby fat

7 By 3- toddler’s posture is more upright spine has strengthened – back becomes straighter child has lost some baby fat

8 Teeth 1year old- have average of 8 teeth 2nd year- 8 more teeth
3rd year- last 4 back teeth Complete set of 20 primary teeth The quality of child’s teeth is greatly influenced by diet. Diet of mother during pregnancy and diet of child during first 2 years lay foundation of healthy teeth. Heredity also plays a role-protective mechanism from parent.

9 Motor Skills Large Motor Skills- depend on use and control of large muscles of back, legs, shoulders and arms. *Walking – running – throwing balls Small motor skills- depend on use and control of fine muscles – wrists, fingers, ankles *Turning pages – knob puzzles- paint brushes-stringing beads

10 Feeding Between 1st and 4th birthdays, children acquire food habits and attitudes that influence their eating throughout life. 1 year old Finger foods – improves coordination and encourage self-feeding Babies

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