Toddler A name given to a child between the ages of 1 and 3 years old.
How does a toddler look? Body growth and development is determined by the environment and heredity. Genetics will determine how tall a child will be. Genetics will also influence weight. Taller people will usually gain more weight than a shorter person. Environment factors could be exercise, health, diet, & emotions
How does a toddler look? Girls reach 53% of adult height 2 Boys reach 50% of adult height by 2 Gain about 5lbs more Usually gain 6 pounds per year Usually grow about 2- 3 inches each year 1-2 years old2-3 yeas old
How does a toddler look? Head is ¼ their total weight Chest & abdomen is about the same size At 30 months the chest is larger than the abdomen Child’s body build will become apparent
How does a toddler look? Age in MonthsHeightWeight 1230in21lbs 1832in24.5lbs 2434in27lbs 3036in30lbs 3638in32lbs
Bones & Teeth As the toddler grows, their bones continue to become harder. More flexible & less likely to break due to cartilage More prone to bone disease and deformation due to soft bones Fontanel gaps (soft spot) between the skull bones close
Bones & Teeth Spine becomes S shaped- allows posture to be straighter and more upright Full set of deciduous teeth Fat deposits under the skin decrease Chubbier child becomes slender Lengthening and thickening of muscles slows
Walking, running, catching, throwing, jumping, climbing, Motor Development- Large
Walking-beginning Walk without support in 2-3 months after their first birthday Stand with feet wide apart- wider base of support Turn feet outward & flex knees Walk on tip toes- not learned to lower heels yet Take irregular steps
Walking-beginning Lurch forward, weave Arms held out for balance Walking posture will change when spine changes from C shaped to S shaped (lumbar curve)
Walking- 2 year old Walk may look like run 170 steps per min. (half the length of adult) Walk over objects in the floor
Running & Jumping Begins at 2 Holds arms out or up Awkward because cannot start or stop quickly Stepping off of low objects at 18 mths first 2-jumps off low objects with 2 feet Move arms backward RunningJumping
Climbing 15-18 mths Climb on furniture Walk up & down stairs Relates to what is in their environment & courage
Catching & Throwing Begins in a sitting position Rigid throw Do not shift weight When throwing with one hand, usually step with the same foot Catch by squatting and picking up 2-3 stand in one position with arms out Will not move to ball and may close eyes ThrowingCatching
Eye-Hand Coordination Children must coordinate what they see with the way they move their hands. Fine motor skills depend on child’s level of eye hand coordination As it improves, the more complex the skill is
Holding & Grasping Can hold objects between thumb & index finder Hold spoons in their fist Feed themselves Drink from cup Can fill empty containers Make marks on paper
Holding & Grasping Remove hats and socks Build a tower Put objects in holes String beads Turn pages of books Open doors Children use right hand until 7 or 8
Walking Pick a partner Walk quickly for 1 min, have partner time your results, write it down. Allow the partner to do the same. Answer the following questions 1. How do your results compare with your partners? 2. How do your results compare with the average rate of a toddler? 3. What conclusions can you draw from this experiment?
Play Equipment View pictures of various types of play equipment for toddlers. What types of equipment would promote gross motor development? Include equipment for each area of development.