Good Morning! 4/29/14 Today’s Agenda: Physical Development 1-3 Notes Group – developmentally appropriate activities
“Give a man a fish, and he will not go hungry for a day. Teach a man to fish, and he will not go hungry for life”.
Toddler What is a toddler? Why are they called that?
Physical growth Slows considerably from the first year – from 1-2 pounds/month to ½ pound per month. Height slows to half the speed. Hereditary influences are more noticable Physical skills change and improve dramatically How do caregivers help improve the child’s skills?
Proportion and posture Until age 2, chest, head and abdomen measure the same Between 2 and 3, chest becomes larger, arms, legs and trunk grow rapidly What is the effect of these changes?
Teeth Age 1 – average 8 teeth Age 2 – average 16 teeth Age 3 – last 4 – back teeth – come in Quality is greatly influenced by diet Lay foundation for a lifetime of good or poor teeth What foods and drinks are good for teeth? Bad for teeth?
Motor Skills Simple to complex – blocks – 1 year old can bang blocks together or stack 2 of them. 3 year old can make a high tower, roads, or houses. Large motor skills – use and control of large muscles Back, shoulders, legs and arms Walking, running and throwing balls Small motor skills – finer muscles Fingers, wrists and ankles Using crayons, turning pages of a book, eating Depended on hand-eye coordination Variations – why?
Let’s Review! As a group, list 3 toys appropriate for ages 1, 2, and 3. Toys for age 1: Toys for age 2: Toys for age 3: How do safety concerns in the home change as a child becomes 1,2 and 3. 1: 2: 3: Why does this happen?