Presentation on theme: "Ancient Rome Republic to Empire"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ancient Rome Republic to Empire From a Republic to an Empire509 B.C. – 476 A.D.
2 The Republic’s Military The Roman army was divided into smaller groups called legionsRoman soldiers were called legionariesBecause of the strength of the military, Rome began to expand
3 The Punic Wars Rome vs. Carthage City-state on Northern coast of AfricaDominated western Mediterranean tradeThe Punic Wars Rome vs. Carthage
4 Punic WarsCause: Both Rome and Carthage wanted to control the Mediterranean Sea
5 Our Sea Results of Punic Wars Mare Nostrum Rome wins the wars Rome now controls the Mediterranean Sea
6 The Rise of Julius Caesar Caesar was elected consul in 60 B.C.Caesar became part of the First Triumvirate (government run by three people)They shared powerCaesar seen as a military hero after conquering many territories for Rome“Veni, vidi, vici…”
7 The Rise of Julius Caesar ResultsAs Caesar became more powerful the Triumvirate falls apartSenate demands that Caesar return to Rome w/out his armyCivil war ensuesCaesar hailed as dictator for life in 45 B.C.
8 Many feared Caesar would assume title of king & set up a dynasty Caesar Assassinated!Mourners lay flowers at the site of his demiseMany feared Caesar would assume title of king & set up a dynasty60 members of Senate plot to kill himThe Ides of March (15th) stabbed 23x’s
9 Who Will Rule?4. After Caesar’s death, there was a power struggle between two men: Mark Antony and Octavian
10 Who Will Rule? 5. Civil war breaks out between Antony and Octavian 6. Antony becomes involved with Cleopatra in Egypt7. Eventually both Cleopatra and Antony commit suicide8. Octavian becomes the main ruler of Rome and decides to end the republic.
11 Roman Empire Established 2The 500-year old republic comes to an end.Octavian changes his name to Augustus and becomes Rome’s first emperor in 31 BC
12 2Roman EmpireAugustus laid the foundation for a stable government that would function well for 200 years. This period was called the Pax Romana.Pax Romana: 200 years of Roman peace and prosperity
13 The Empire Expands Empire expands after Augustus rules A.D. 117 reached biggest sizeNow controls: Egypt, Carthage, Spain, Gaul, Italy, Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, and Palestine
14 How did the empire maintain control and communication? The Empire ExpandsHow did the empire maintain control and communication?
15 Diocletian Two Reformers Divided the empire into two parts to make it easier to govern
16 Two Reformers Constantine Granted toleration to Christians, which led to the rapid growth of ChristianityBuilt a new capital at Constantinople, making the eastern part of the empire the center of power