Presentation on theme: "THE ROMAN EMPIRE UNIT 1 – GREECE AND ROME Chapter 5 – Greece"— Presentation transcript:
1 THE ROMAN EMPIRE UNIT 1 – GREECE AND ROME Chapter 5 – Greece Chapter 6 – Rome
2 ANCIENT ROME 500 B.C.– A.D. 500 CHAPTER 6 The Roman Republic SECTION 1The Roman RepublicThe Roman EmpireSECTION 2SECTION 4The Fall of the Roman EmpireSECTION 5These are my notes for slide 2Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization
3 OBJECTIVESCORE OBJECTIVE: Analyze the impact of Ancient Rome and how it continues to impact our lives today.Objective 1.6: Describe the major events, cultural characteristics, and individuals in the Pax Romana empire.THEME: The Roman culture will have a significant impact and influence on many other world cultures.
4 THE ROMAN EMPIRE CHAPTER 6 SECTION 2 The creation of the Roman Empire transforms Roman government, society, economy, and culture
5 THE REPUBLIC COLLAPSES Economic TurmoilGap between rich and poor widens as Roman Republic growsFarmers, former soldiers, lose to large estates; become homelessTwo tribunes, Tiberius and Gaius, try to help poor, are murderedCivil war — conflict between groups within same country beginsMilitary UpheavalMilitary becomes less disciplined and disloyalSoldiers recruited from poor; show loyalty only to their generals
6 JULIUS CAESARWRITE THIS DOWN!ConsulsTwo consuls were elected by the assemblyServed 1 yearOne led the govt and the other led the militaryMilitary leader Julius Caesar elected consul in 59 B.C.Caesar, Crassus, Pompey form 1st triumvirate — a group of three rulersThey rule for 10 years
7 TRIUMVIRATEWRITE THIS DOWN!Military victories in Gaul give Caesar increasing popularity and powerPompey fears Caesar’s growing power and challenges himIn 50 B.C. senate orders Caesar to return home, he returns with his army and Pompey fleesCaesar defeats Pompey’s armies in Greece, Asia, Spain, EgyptCaesar is named dictator for life in 44 B.C.
8 DEATH OF CAESARCaesar was assassinated on the Ides of March (March 15th) in 44 BCMurdered by his friend Brutus and other senatorsThey opposed to Caesar’s dictatorship & wanted Rome to return to being a republic.Caesar Achievements:Granted more citizenshipincreased pay for soldiersCreated new jobs with public workdsWRITE THIS DOWN!
9 THE DEATH OF JULIUS CAESAR The Assassination of CaesarCaesar Coroner’s Report
10 2nd TRIUMVIRATECivil war broke out again in Rome after Caesar’s death.Caesar’s supporters win the struggle over his killers.43 B.C., Caesar’s supporters take control; become Second TriumvirateOctavian, Mark Antony, Lepidus alliance ends in jealousy, violenceTwo of them took control of the empire, Octavian in the west and Antony in the east.WRITE THIS DOWN!
11 CLEOPATRADuring a trip to Egypt, Julius Caesar had fallen in love with Cleopatra, the young queen of Egypt.Caesar took her with him to Rome where they had a child.After Caesar’s death, Cleopatra returned to Egypt.Mark Antony too fell in love with Cleopatra and stayed with her in Egypt.In Rome, Octavian declared war on Antony and CleopatraIn 31 B.C., Mark Antony and Cleopatra’s forces are defeated at ActiumAntony and Cleopatra committed suicide. 2MP3BCLnNk
12 OCTAVIAN This ended the 3,000-year reign of the pharaohs. Octavian accepts title of Augustus, “exalted one,” and rules RomeHe also kept the title of imperator, “supreme military commander”This is where the word “emperor” is derived fromWRITE THIS DOWN!
13 PAX ROMANA A Sound Government Pax Romana WRITE THIS DOWN!A Sound GovernmentAugustus was Rome’s ablest ruler, creates lasting system of governmentglorifies Rome with beautiful public buildingssets up a civil service to control the empirePax RomanaUnder Augustus, Rome moves from a republic to an empirePower no longer resides with citizens, but a single rulerRome enjoys 200 years of peace and prosperity known as Pax Romana
14 The Roman Empire was massive. At its height, the Roman Empire completely encircled the Mediterranean Sea, extending from the Middle East to the British Isles. The empire was over 1.7 million sq. miles in sizeRome’s central location in the Mediterranean made it an ideal location for building a large Mediterranean empire and international trading network.
15 BUSINESS Agriculture and Trade Slaves and Captivity Agriculture most important industry in empire; 90% of Romans farmCommon coin, denarius, makes trade within empire easierRome has vast trading network, includes China and IndiaSlaves and CaptivitySlavery is a significant part of Roman lifeSome slaves become gladiators; forced to fight to deathWRITE THIS DOWN!
16 ENTERTAINMENT HISTORY CHANNEL – Deconstructing the Colosseum history/colosseum/videos/deconstructing- history-colosseum
17 THE ROMAN EMPIRE — Assessment Major Roman events were held in a large stadium known as theForumColiseumParthenonNike Arena of VictoryWhich industry did Rome most rely on?MiningFarmingTradingExploration
18 THE ROMAN EMPIRE — Assessment Major Roman events were held in a large stadium known as theForumColiseumParthenonNike Arena of VictoryWhich industry did Rome most rely on?MiningFarmingTradingExploration
19 CRASH COURSE THE ROMAN EMPIRE…OR REPUBLIC? p9U&index=10&list=PLBDA2E52FB1EF80C9