11 The Himalayas-system of parallel mountain ranges extending across southern Asia.
12 The Himalayas -created by the collision of tectonic plates. -Mount Everest is the tallest peak in the world at 29,029 feet above sea level.
13 The Himalayan mountain range with Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station looking south-south-east over the Tibetan Plateau. Four of the world's fourteen eight-thousanders, mountains higher than 8000 meters, can be seen. The South Col Route is Mount Everest's most often used climbing route.
14 The last rays of sunlight on Mount Everest on May 5, 2007. Mount Everest north face from Ronguk monastery in Tibet.
15 Aerial view of Mount Everest from the south, with Lhotse in front and Nuptse on the left
16 The Hindu Kush Mountains The Hindu Kush Mountains form the northern border between Pakistan and the Eurasian countries.
17 Karakorum MountainsThis range meets the Himalayan range in the northernmost part of South Asia. The combination of these ranges create a formidable barrier between the Indian subcontinent and the rest of Asia.
18 Vindhya MountainsThis range lies across the center of the Indian subcontinent. These mountains have created a barrier between the people in the northern part of India and those in the south.
19 The Ghats and the Deccan Plateau The Deccan Plateau, Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats form a triangle at the southern tip of the subcontinent.
20 Major River SystemsThe sources of the major rivers are found in the Himalayan Mountains.Three Great Rivers of South Asia:The Indus RiverThe Ganges RiverThe Bhramaputra River
21 The Indus Riverthe site of some of the earliest civilizations in South Asia.It flows mainly through Pakistan and empties into the Arabian Sea.
22 The Ganges Riverconsidered a sacred river to the people in South Asia. carries fertile soil from the mountains into the floodplains of the great river. The Indo-Gangetic Plain is the huge alluvial plain created by the flooding of the Indus and Ganges rivers. It is the largest continuous alluvial plain in the world.
23 Indo-Gangetic PlainThe population densities reach more than 1,000 people per square mile
24 The Bhramaputra Riverflows out of the mountains near Nepal and joins the Ganges to create the broad delta along the Bay of Bengal
25 Natural Resources Fertile soil hydroelectricity Fish and other seafood Oil and Natural gasMinerals: iron ore, manganese, chromite, coal, gypsum, copper, gold, and mica.Graphite (Sri Lanka)Precious and semi-precious stones (sri Lanka)Timber
26 ClimateThe coldest climates are found in the highlands. Desert climates are found along the Indus River and to the east of the Indus in the area called the Thar Desert