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Geography of South Asia

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Presentation on theme: "Geography of South Asia"— Presentation transcript:

1 Geography of South Asia

2 Plate Tectonics Theory

3 Gondwanaland Southern supercontinent.
Started to break up 175 million years ago.



6 The Indian Subcontinent

7 The Indian Subcontinent
A part of Gondwanaland broke off and collided with Eurasia. The Himalayas and Hindu Kush were formed.


9 The Indian Subcontinent
A subcontinent is a large landmass that is smaller than a continent.

10 Isolating Factors Northern Mountains Water Hindu Kush Himalayas
Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal


12 Regions of Asia Note: Definitions of regions tend to vary a bit.

13 Regions of Asia Central Asia includes Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
Southwest Asia, better known as the Middle East, includes Saudi Arabia and Iraq. North Asia is Russia’s Siberia. East Asia includes China and Japan. Southeast Asia includes Vietnam and Indonesia. South Asia includes India and Pakistan.

14 South

15 Northern Asia Central Asia East Asia Southwest Asia South Asia Southeast Asia

16 South Asia

17 Countries of South Asia
Afghanistan Pakistan India Nepal Bhutan Bangladesh Sri Lanka Maldives


19 Major Geographic Regions

20 Major Geographic Regions
Northern Mountains Northern Plains Deccan Plateau

21 Northern Mountains Northern Plains Deccan Plateau

22 Northern Mountains Himalayas Hindu Kush


24 Himalayas 1,500 mile long chain of mountains.
Include tallest mountains in the world. Create a massive wall separating South Asia from East Asia.




28 Mount Everest Tallest mountain in the world at 29,000 feet.
First climbed by New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay from Nepal.



31 Hindu Kush Smaller in area than the Himalayas, but almost as high and just as rugged. Located mostly in Afghanistan. The word “kush” means “death.”



34 Khyber Pass Best known pass through the Hindu Kush.
For centuries, traders and invaders traveled through this pass.




38 Kashmir Isolated valley in northern India.
Famous for the production of a fine wool. Split between India, Pakistan and China.






44 Indo-Gangetic Plain Large plain formed by the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers. Most fertile and densely populated part of South Asia.


46 Indus River Largest river of Pakistan. The word “indus” means “river.”
India’s name comes from this river.




50 Ganges River Largest river in India. Most holy river of Hinduism.
Joins with Brahmaputra to create an enormous delta in Bangladesh.







57 Brahmaputra River Large river that starts in Tibet (China).
Runs through India and Bangladesh. Name means “Son of Brahma.”





62 Thar Desert Large desert in India and Pakistan.



65 Deccan Plateau Large plateau (an elevated flat or hilly landmass)
Bordered by mountains: Vindhyas Western Ghats Eastern Ghats

66 Western Ghats The Western Ghats create a “rain shadow.” Windward Side
Leeward Side The Western Ghats create a “rain shadow.”

67 Review

68 Q: What large landmass split up millions of years ago, resulting in India’s collision with the rest of Asia? A: Gondwanaland

69 Q: What two terms are used to describe this region of the world?
A: South Asia & the Indian Subcontinent

70 Q: What five physical features isolate South Asia
Q: What five physical features isolate South Asia? Hint: two landforms and three bodies of water. A: Hindu Kush, Himalayas, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean & Bay of Bengal.

71 Q: What is the name of the territory in northern India that is claimed by both India and Pakistan?
A: Kashmir

72 Q: What is the name of the famous mountain pass through the Hindu Kush mountains?
A: Khyber Pass

73 Q: What geographic term is used to describe a landform that is low in elevation and relatively flat?
A: Plain

74 Q: What is the large plain in the northern part of South Asia?
A: Indo-Gangetic Plain

75 Q: What three rivers form the Indo-Gangetic Plain?
A: Indus, Ganges & Brahmaputra

76 Q: What geographical term is used to describe the landform formed at the mouth of a river?
A: delta

77 Q: Which country is largely composed of the huge delta formed by the Ganges and Brahmaputra?
A: Bangladesh

78 Q: Which two rivers combine to form the largest delta in South Asia?
A: Ganges & Brahmaputra

79 Q: What two names are used to describe the large desert located in South Asia?
A: Thar & Great Indian Desert

80 Q: In which two countries is the Thar Desert located?
A: India & Pakistan

81 Q: What geographic term is used to describe an elevated area that is relatively flat?
A: plateau

82 Q: What is the name of the large plateau in central India?
A: Deccan Plateau

83 Q: What mountain chain has the biggest influence on the amount of precipitation the Deccan Plateau receives? A: Western Ghats

84 Q: What geographic term is used to describe when one side of a mountain receives a lot of moisture and the other side almost none? A: rain shadow

85 Review: Countries Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal
Pakistan Sri Lanka Afghanistan Pakistan Nepal Bhutan India Bangladesh Sri Lanka Maldives

86 Review: Bodies of Water
Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal Arabian Sea Indian Ocean

87 Review: Rivers Indus Brahmaputra Indus Ganges Ganges Brahmaputra

88 Review: Physical Features
Deccan Plateau Himalayas Hindu Kush Indo-Gangetic Plain Thar Desert Western Ghats Hindu Kush Thar Desert Himalayas Indo-Gangetic Deccan Plateau Western Ghats

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