GANGES RIVER National Geographic article on the polluted state of the Ganges River –http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ 2011/11/111123-india-ganges-river- pollution/http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ 2011/11/111123-india-ganges-river- pollution/
Brahmaputra River Large river that starts in Tibet (China). Runs through India and Bangladesh. Name means “Son of Brahma.”
Thar Desert Large desert in India and Pakistan.
Western Ghats The Western Ghats create a “rain shadow.” Windward Side Leeward Side
Review: Physical Features Deccan Plateau Himalayas Hindu Kush Indo-Gangetic Plain Thar Desert Western Ghats Hindu Kush Himalayas Thar Desert Indo-Gangetic Western Ghats Deccan Plateau
Climates With monsoons to the South and East, there is heavy seasonal rainfall (India). Dry climates to the west (in Pakistan). Highland climates in the north (Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan).
MONSOONS To the people of India, the monsoons are a source of life. Seasonal reversal of winds bring heavy rainfall or no rain at all. General onshore movement in summer, bringing rainfall (lots of it). General offshore flow in winter, resulting in little rain. Very distinctive seasonal precipitation
POTENTIALLY NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF MONSOONS Widespread flooding Property damage Destruction to agricultural lands Damage to transportation infrastructure Homelessness Disease Malnutrition Serious injury Death
Natural Hazards in South Asia Earthquakes Monsoons and Flooding Drought and Fires Tsunamis Cyclones
TSUNAMIS A series of ocean waves generated usually by an earthquake in the sea floor. In the deep ocean, the tsunami wave may only be a few inches high. The tsunami wave may come gently ashore or may increase in height to become a fast moving wall of turbulent water several meters high.
TSUNAMIS Video of March 11, 2011 tsunami in Japan http://video.nationalgeographic.com/vid eo/news/environment-news/japan- tsunami-2011-vin/http://video.nationalgeographic.com/vid eo/news/environment-news/japan- tsunami-2011-vin/ Video of tsunami in Sri Lanka http://video.nationalgeographic.com/vid eo/environment/environment-natural- disasters/tsunamis/tsunami-sri-lanka/http://video.nationalgeographic.com/vid eo/environment/environment-natural- disasters/tsunamis/tsunami-sri-lanka/
CYCLONES A cyclone is a hurricane that occurs in the South Pacific or Indian Oceans
CYCLONES More on cyclones from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/cyclo ne.htmlhttp://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/cyclo ne.html