4 China is the second largest country in Asia and is located in east Asia China is bordered by numerous countries including India, Russia, Nepal, and North KoreaChina has a variety of climate zones including highland, desert, tropical, and continentalMajor geographical features include the Himalayas, the Tibetan Plateau, the Huang He and Chang Jiang Rivers, and the Gobi DesertNatural resources include coal, uranium, rare Earth elements, and a variety of mineralsThe North China Plain, home to the majority of China’s people, is a large fertile area located between the Huang He and Chang Jiang Rivers
12 South China Sea The South China Sea is a part of the Pacific Ocean. Numerous large Chinese cities are located along the shores of the South China Sea.The South China Sea is a major shipping route from the Asian mainland to nations south of China.
15 Yellow Sea The Yellow Sea is part of the Pacific Ocean. The majority of the sea is located between China and the Korean peninsula.The sea is a major shipping route for ships carrying cargo from Chinese and South Korean businesses.
18 Gobi DesertThe Gobi Desert is located in southern Mongolia and northern China.One of the largest deserts in the world and the largest desert in Asia.Majority of the desert is bare rock and not sand.The desert is named for the Mongolian word gobi which means “waterless place”.
22 India is a large country in south Asia India shares a border with China, Burma, Bhutan, Pakistan, Nepal, and BangladeshIndia has a variety of climate zones including tropical, highland, and continentalMajor geographical features include the Ganges River, the Ganges River Valley, and the Hindu Kush and Himalayan Mountain RangesNatural resources include coal, diamonds, natural gas, and a variety of mineralsThe majority of India’s people live along the Ganges River and the coastlinesGanges River
24 Bay of BengalThe Bay of Bengal is part of the Indian Ocean and is bordered by Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Malaysia.Numerous long rivers including the Ganges and Brahmaputra empty into the Bay of Bengal.The Bay of Bengal is major transportation route for shipping and many major cities are located along its shores.
30 HimalayasThe Himalayas are a mountain system that is located in China, India, Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan.The majority of the world’s tallest mountains, including Mt. Everest, are a part of the Himalayan range.Over 100 peaks with elevations over 24,000 feet are a part of the Himalayas.Melting snow from the range’s mountains is the source for numerous Asian rivers including the Ganges, Indus, and Brahmaputra.
32 Mt. Everest Mt. Everest is a part of the Himalayas. The mountain is located on the border of Nepal and Tibet (China).At 29,035 feet, it is the world’s tallest mountain.Due to plate tectonics, Mt. Everest grows a few millimeters every year.Thousands of people have attempted to climb Mt. Everest. The first to successful ascent was made in Hundreds of people have died attempting to climb Mt. Everest.
37 Pakistan is located in south Asia Pakistan shares a border with India, Afghanistan, China, and IranClimates zones include desert, highland, and continentalMajor geographical features include the Hindu Kush Mountains, the Indus River, and the Indus River ValleyNatural resources include petroleum, natural gas, coal, and variety of mineralsThe majority of Pakistan’s people live along the Indus River and in the Indus River ValleyIndus River
42 Vietnam is located in southeast Asia Vietnam is bordered by China, Laos, and CambodiaThe majority of Vietnam has a tropical climateMajor geographical features include the Mekong River and tropical rain forestsNatural resources include a variety of minerals, fossil fuels, timber, and hydroelectric powerMekong River Valley
43 The mouth of the Mekong River Danang River ValleyThe mouth of the Mekong River
47 Japan is an archipelago, a group of island, located in east Asia. The majority of Japan is covered by mountains and rugged terrainJapan’s climate zones include tropical and continentalMajor geographical features include Mount Fuji, the tallest mountain in JapanNatural resources are limited making Japan one of the world’s largest importers of fossil fuels and foodJapanese Alps
55 North Korea is part of the Korean peninsula in east Asia North Korea is bordered by South Korea and ChinaThe majority of North Korea has a continental climate and is covered by hills and mountainsNorth Korea has a variety of resources including coal, gold, hydroelectric power, and a variety of minerals
56 Mountains in North Korea along the border with South Korea
59 South Korea is part of the Korean peninsula in east Asia South Korea is bordered by North KoreaSouth Korea has a continental climateSouth Korea’s landscape includes mountains, hills, and coastal plainsNatural resources include coal, hydroelectric power, and various minerals
62 Indonesia is an archipelago in southeast Asia Indonesia is bordered by Malaysia and the Pacific and Indian OceansIndonesia has tropical, continental, and highland climate zonesThe majority of Indonesia is covered by tropical rain forests, mountains, and volcanoesNatural resources include petroleum, natural gas, minerals, and timber