3 Mountains Separate the Indian subcontinent from the rest of Asia Hindu KushNorthwest- it divides subcontinent from central AsiaRugged mountain rangeKhyber Pass-Khyber Pass begins about 10 miles outside the Pakistani city of Peshawar in the northwest frontier province and ends on the Afghan border at Torkham.Because it is the main connection between Afghanistan and the Indian subcontinent, the route through the Khyber Pass constitutes one of the major means of access to Central Asia. Eastern & Western GhatsLow mountains that separate India’s east and west coast
5 Mountains Himalayas Himalayas, Sanskrit for ‘abode of snow’ Stretch 1,500 milesAlong the northern border of Indian subcontinentFormed by collision of two massive tectonic platesThe Himalayas cover approximately 75% of NepalThe Himalayas are the source for the Indus, the Yangtze and the Ganges and Brahmaputra.All three are major river systems for the continent of AsiaHome to the world’s highest mountainsMount Everest-Highest mountain in the worldMeasures 29,035 feetK2Northern PakistanWorld’s second highest peak
6 Bodies of water-Rivers Originated in the HimalayasMassive amounts of water from the mountains melting snow and glaciersFloods surrounding land leaving rich soil deposits and fertile plainsGanges RiverFlows across northern India into BangladeshJoins other rivers (Brahmaputra) and creates huge deltasGanges Plain-India’s farming heartlandIndus RiverFertile plain-Indus River ValleyOne home to earliest Indian civilizationsToday one of Pakistan’s most densely populated areaDelta-landform at the mouth of a river created by sediment deposits
7 Bodies of water-Rivers Brahmaputra RiverFlows east and southwest into Bay of BengalForms the largest delta with the Ganges-has some of the world’s richest farmland
8 Bodies of water-Oceans Indian Oceancovering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the worldSouth of IndiaBay of Bengallarge but relatively shallow embayment of the northeastern Indian Ocean,It is bordered by Sri Lanka and India to the west, Bangladesh to the north, and Myanmar (Burma) and the northern part of the Malay Peninsula to the east.Arabian SeaNorthwestern part of the Indian Oceancovering a total area of about 1,491,000 square miles
9 Bodies of Water Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Mannar indenting northward into the coast of Gujarat state, western Indiatrumpet-shaped gulf of the Arabian SeaGulf of Mannarinlet of the Indian Ocean, between southeastern India and western Sri Lanka.the gulf is noted for its pearl banks and sacred chank (a gastropod mollusk).
10 Landforms Thar Desert Deccan Plateau The Great Indian Desert feet in elevation.up to 127ºF in JulyDeccan PlateauLocated in South India31,800 square miles in size.2,000 – 8,000 feet high
11 Climates Arid Semiarid Tropical Wet Tropical Wet and Dry receives less than 10 inches of rainfall in an entire year.Deserts are areas that are arid.SemiaridCharacterized by relatively low annual rainfall of 10 to 20 incheshaving scrubby vegetation with short, coarse grasses; not completely arid.Tropical Wethigh temperatures year roundlarge amount of year round rainTropical Wet and DryLarge amounts of rain during summer seasonThere is a dry season in the winterHumid subcontinentalhot, usually humid summers and mild to cool winters.
12 Climate Physical Features affect the climate Variety of climates In HimalayasHighland climate brings cool temperatures to much of Nepal and BhutanPlains south of HimalayasHumid sub-tropical climate
14 PopulationWhere is the majority of the population located? Why do you think this is the case?
15 PopulationLook at the difference in the population density between U.S. and Bangladesh
16 Natural Resources Variety of Natural Resources Agricultural and mineral resources are most plentifulPerhaps most important is the regions fertile soilFarms produce many different cropsTea, rice, nuts, jute(plant used for making rope)Timber and livestockParticularly in Nepal and Bhutan
17 Natural Resources South Asian’s depend or rivers Mineral resources Irrigation, transportation, drinking and household waterMineral resourcesIron ore, coal-IndiaNatural Gas Reserves-PakistanGemstone-Sri Lanka