Presentation on theme: "The New World These words throughout Europe greatly stimulated the European monarchs for overseas exploration and colonization. Where they explored and."— Presentation transcript:
1 The New WorldThese words throughout Europe greatly stimulated the European monarchs for overseas exploration and colonization. Where they explored and colonized depended on the ocean currents, weather patterns, and where rival powers had claimed their land. England started colonizing along the Atlantic Ocean.
2 English ColoniesEngland started colonizing on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean . The 13 colonies were established by England and historians categorized them into regions
3 Thirteen ColoniesThe 13 colonies are broken up into regions. Regions: an area grouped all together by a common characteristics The Thirteen colonies were divided into three regions based on the type of people that lived there, the climate, and the physical geography of the area.
5 New England Colonies New England Colonies Long winters English people ReasonsGeographyEconomy $$$ColoniesWhoTo practice their religion without fear of persecutionlumberingLong wintersMassachusettsEnglish peopleShip buildingNew HampshireReform or purify Church of EnglandLots of trees and rocky soilPuritansFishingRhode IslandTo escape persecution and separate from Church of EnglandNot good for farmingPilgrimsConnecticut
14 Pilgrims Arrived on the Mayflower Wanted religious freedom Led by William Bradford and landed at PlymouthSigned the Mayflower Compact(remember…it was the 1stself-government
15 Better Church of England PuritansBetter Church of EnglandPuritan Beliefs:They were the “chosen people”Very smartChurch & state should work together
16 Puritans Leave Massachusetts 1st group to ConnecticutWrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, which was the 1st Written Constitution in AmericaAuthor was Thomas HookerGave a detaileddescription ofrepresentative government
18 Middle Colonies Middle Colonies (Bread Basket) Cold winters Dutch ReasonsGeographyEconomy $$$ColoniesWhoSmall farmsCold wintersReligious freedomNew YorkDutchWheat and grainsDelawareBetter climate than New EnglandGermanstradetradeNew JerseyLots of hills and treesSwedesPennsylvaniaEscape religious persecution in EuropeminingQuakersIron ore
27 Quakers Leader was William Penn Sought religious freedom and trade for moneyLed a simplistic lifestyleReligious toleration—church services unnecessaryBelieved in no violence to anyone and that slavery was bad
28 Pennsylvania & the Quakers HOW DID THEY END UP HERE?King Charles II owed the Penn family moneyRepaid them with land in AmericaSo…William Penn brought the Quakers to the New World (against his father’s wishes)
29 Was called the “Holy Experiment” Established Philadelphia, which became known as the “City of Brotherly Love”“any government is free to the people under it…where the laws rule”Called the “melting pot city” because all foreigners were welcome
30 New YorkThe English took New Netherlands away from the Dutch and renamed it New YorkHad lots of ethnic diversity (Italians, Dutch, French, Irish)Trade was great because ofthe large harbor areaFastest growing of allthe colonies
31 New Jersey Was a proprietary colony Known for ethnic diversity Allowed religious freedom1st to have trial by juryRepresentative government
32 Delaware Formed for Pennsylvania’s access to the Atlantic Ocean Why was this important?FOR TRADE!